NATIONAL SZÉCHÉNYI LIBRARY
1956 INSTITUTE AND ORAL HISTORY ARCHIVE
   magyar
 ___OIL, OIL, OIL! 1-8. CHAPTERS FROM THE HISTORY OF THE HUNGARIAN PETROLEUM AND GAS INDUSTRY, DOCUMENTARY SERIES [OLAJ, OLAJ, OLAJ! FEJEZETEK A MAGYAR KŐOLAJ ÉS GÁZIPAR TÖRTÉNETÉBŐL. DOKUMENTUMFILM SOROZAT] [OLAJ, OLAJ, OLAJ! FEJEZETEK A MAGYAR KŐOLAJ- ÉS FÖLDGÁZIPAR TÖRTÉNETÉBŐL 1-8. DOKUMENTUMFILM SOROZAT]___

Oil, oil, oil!
Chapters from the history of the Hungarian petroleum and gas industry 1.
Documentary series (1/8.)
45'49" Hungarian and with English subtitle

Script, interviews: Vera Pécsi
Research editing, story editing: Judit Topits (
olaj.olaj@gmail.com)
Sound: Frigyes Wahl
Editing: Péter Salánki, Károly Szalai
Executive producer: Károly Oláh
Director of photography: Gyula Stenszky
Directed by: Judit Kóthy (
kothyj@chello.hu)
Produced by: KLT Kulturális Kft. 1995-97
 



In Hungary, sizable reserves of exploitable oil were first found in Zala county in 1937. The foundations of the Hungarian hydrocarbon industry were laid by the Hungarian-American Oil Company (MAORT) shortly before World War II. With the money invested in the oil fields in Zala, using state-of-the-art technology, under the leadership of American oil experts, a new industry, along with a new style of company management, work culture and lifestyle were introduced in Hungary.

Oil, oil, oil!
Chapters from the history of the Hungarian petroleum and gas industry 2.
Documentary series (2/8.) Hungarian and with English subtitle
42'41"

Script, interviews: Vera Pécsi
Research editing, story editing: Judit Topits (olaj.olaj@gmail.com)
Sound: Frigyes Wahl
Editing: Péter Salánki, Károly Szalai
Executive producer: Károly Oláh
Director of photography: Gyula Stenszky
Directed by: Judit Kóthy (
kothyj@chello.hu)
Produced by: KLT Kulturális Kft. 1995-97




During World War II, the Hungarian petroleum industry was controlled by Germany, while after the war, the Soviet Union took over. In 1948, a show trial prepared the way for the nationalization of MAORT, an American company in Hungary. One of the most infamous moves of the Communists towards a total takeover was taking place, and far from being concealed from the public at large, the trials were even broadcast on the radio. Simon Papp, the main accused of the trial, was sentenced to death by the 1st degree court. The sentence was reduced to life imprisonment.

Oil, oil, oil!
Chapters from the history of the Hungarian petroleum and gas industry 3.
Documentary series (3/8.)
43'08" Hungarian and with English subtitle

Script, interviews: Vera Pécsi
Research editing, story editing: Judit Topits (olaj.olaj@gmail.com)
Sound: Béla Novák,  Frigyes Wahl
Editing: Péter Rostás
Executive producer: Károly Oláh
Director of photography: Ferenc Pap, Gyula Stenszky
Directed by: Judit Kóthy (
kothyj@chello.hu)
Produced by: KLT Kulturális Kft. 1998-2001




During World War II, the Hungarian-German Mineral Oil Work Co. (MANÁT) made exploratory drillings - without success. With the front line approaching, Germans fled the area.
Research continued without significant results after 1945, under Soviet control. Suspecting sabotage, political leaders sued oil engineer Ferenc Angyal and his colleagues. The trials intimidated petroleum industry people; they were paralysed with fear for a long time. Those working in Zala county felt some relief only when the reservoir at Nagylengyel was found.

Oil, oil, oil!
Chapters from the history of the Hungarian petroleum and gas industry 4.
Documentary series (4/8.)
46'09" Hungarian and with English subtitle

Script, interviews: Vera Pécsi
Research editing, story editing: Judit Topits (olaj.olaj@gmail.com)
Sound: Béla Novák, Frigyes Wahl
Editing: Péter Rostás
Executive producer: Károly Oláh
Director of photography: Ferenc Pap, Gyula Stenszky
Directed by: Judit Kóthy (
kothyj@chello.hu)
Produced by: KLT Kulturális Kft. 1998-2001




Production at the oil field at Nagylengyel was forced to increase due to the pressure to industrialize the country. As a result, the oil field became aqueous, which made political leaders suspect of sabotage again. By the autumn of 1956, the Ministry of State Supervision had collected "evidence" for new criminal proceedings. Arrests and the trial were prevented by the outbreak of the 1956 Revolution. During the revolution, oil production was halted only for a few weeks; nevertheless, petroleum industry people also suffered retaliation. In 1957, 14 of them were indicted for attempting to overthrow the Socialist regime and sabotage. In total, they were sentenced to almost 100 years in prison.
 
Oil, oil, oil!
Chapters from the history of the Hungarian petroleum and gas industry 5.

Documentary series (5/8.)
43'15" Hungarian and with English subtitle

Script: Judit Kóthy, Judit Topits
Research editing, story editing: Judit Topits (olaj.olaj@gmail.com)
Sound: Péter Almásy, Gábor Giret, Rudolf Várhegyi
Editing: Péter Rostás
Executive producer: Károly Oláh
Director of photography: Gyula Stenszky, Ferenc Pap
Directed by: Judit Kóthy (
kothyj@chello.hu)
Produced by: KLT Kulturális Kft. 2002-2007




1957 marks the beginning of a new chapter in the history of Hungary, as well as its petroleum industry. Political leaders expected the development of the hydrocarbon industry to resolve the chronic shortage of energy. By introducing new technologies, experts were able to increase production at the oil fields in Zala county. Focusing their efforts on research in the Great Plain, after some two decades without success, the long-desired results are finally produced at Pusztaföldvár, Battonya and Hajdúszoboszló. In most cases, natural gas was found. Hungary's natural gas industry started to boom in 1960.
 
Oil, oil, oil!
Chapters from the history of the Hungarian petroleum and gas industry 6.
Documentary series (6/8.).
45'20" Hungarian and with English subtitle

Script: Judit Kóthy, Judit Topits
Research editing, story editing: Judit Topits (olaj.olaj@gmail.com)
Sound: Péter Almásy, Gábor Giret, Rudolf Várhegyi
Editing: Péter Rostás
Executive producer: Károly Oláh
Director of photography: Gyula Stenszky, Ferenc Pap
Directed by: Judit Kóthy (
kothyj@chello.hu)
Produced by: KLT Kulturális Kft. 2002-2007




The success of oil research in the Great Plain in the 1960s gave rise to great hopes. However, the growth of the country's energy demands exceeded the increase in supply. Comecon countries raced for Soviet crude oil. A new refinery was built in Százhalombatta to process crude oil received from the Soviet Union on the first pipeline. Meanwhile, research in southern parts of the Great Plain led to the discovery of new reservoirs of oil and gas in the Kiskunság area. Production at the Zala oilfields was in decline, and was only possible using secondary and tertiary recovery methods.

Oil, oil, oil!
Chapters from the history of the Hungarian petroleum and gas industry 7.
Documentary series (7/8.)
44'54" Hungarian and with English subtitle

Script: Judit Kóthy, Judit Topits
Research editing, story editing: Judit Topits (olaj.olaj@gmail.com)
Sound: Péter Almásy, Gábor Giret, Rudolf Várhegyi
Editing: Péter Rostás
Executive producer: Károly Oláh
Director of photography: Gyula Stenszky, Ferenc Pap
Directed by: Judit Kóthy (
kothyj@chello.hu)
Produced by: KLT Kulturális Kft. 2002-2007
 



The great news of 1965 was the discovery of the oil and gas field at Algyő. This was Hungary's largest reservoir, and it expanded even further after a few years, with the inclusion of reservoirs under the city of Szeged. The heyday of Hungarian oil and gas production was the 20 years in which production rose steadily in the southern parts of the Great Plain. As public information on the industry was scarce, the public knew next to nothing about it all. Blowouts here and there occasionally called the public's attention to the existence of this industry.
 
Oil, oil, oil!
Chapters from the history of the Hungarian petroleum and gas industry 8.
Documentary series (8/8.)
45'25" Hungarian and with English subtitle

Script: Judit Kóthy, Judit Topits
Research editing, story editing: Judit Topits (olaj.olaj@gmail.com)
Sound: Péter Almásy, László Hollósi, Gábor Giret, Rudolf Várhegyi
Editing: Péter Rostás
Executive producer: Károly Oláh
Director of photography: Gyula Stenszky, Ferenc Pap
Directed by: Judit Kóthy (
kothyj@chello.hu)
Produced by: KLT Kulturális Kft. 2002-2007





The US and Western Europe reacted to the oil price boom that rocked the world in 1973 by immediately imposing restrictions on energy consumption. Meanwhile, the Communist bloc tried to avert the ripple effects of the crisis. Projects aimed at developing Hungary's energy structure continued, in the energy sector and the chemical industry. COMECON countries built the first natural gas pipeline, and the Hungarian natural gas programme carried on with a great impetus. The Kádár era was haunted by the threat of energy shortage, which was eventually overcome by increasing the imports of crude oil and natural gas, and the construction of a nuclear power plant at Paks.


Screenings:
November 13, 2007 - Budapest (for the press)
November 16, 2007 - Orosháza
November 16, 2007- Szank, Faluház / Village Hall, Szank
November 20-21-22-23, 26-27-28-29, 2007- Magyar Televízió - m2 / Hungarian Public Service Television - m2
December 17, 2007 - Bázakerettye, Déryné Művelődési ház / Déryné Cultural Centre, Bázakerettye
December 18, 2007 - Nagykanizsa, Halis István Könyvtár / Halis István Library, Nagykanizsa
January 31, 2008 - Budapest, Uránia mozi (39. Magyar Filmszemle keretében) / Uránia Cinema, Budapest (39th Hungarian Film Festival)
January 31, 2008 - Algyő, faluház (39. Magyar Filmszemle vidéki programjai keretében) / Village Hall, Algyő, (39th Hungarian Film Festival)
April 21, 2008 - Budapest, Természettudományi Múzeum (A Föld Napja rendezvénye) / Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest (an Earth Day event)
May 14, 2008 - Csíkszereda, 5. FilmDok Fesztivál, versenyprogram / programme of the 5th FilmDok Festival, Csíkszereda, Romania
May 8-June 26, 2008 - Hungarian Public Service Television - m2
July 30, 2008 - Slowfilm Fesztivál, Eger / Slowfilm Festival, Eger

Promotion:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OfQA3YjF1F4&feature=related

  
Search website
Advanced search
 

Please send comments or suggestions.
Copyright © 2000 National Széchényi Library 1956 Institute and Oral History Archive
Last updated:  Monday, 6-September-2010

National Széchényi Library 1956 Institute and Oral History Archive, 1074 Budapest, Dohány street 74. Tel: +36 (1) 322-5228