NATIONAL SZÉCHÉNYI LIBRARY
1956 INSTITUTE AND ORAL HISTORY ARCHIVE
   magyar
 ___ORAL HISTORY ARCHIVES- INTERVIEWS [AZ INTERJÚK JEGYZÉKE]___

Annotated list of lifetime interviews
in the Oral History Archive

The annotated list of lifetime interviews is arranged alphabetically by the names of respondents.
Entries include the name of the respondent, date of birth (and death), occupation, and the main events in his/her life up to the date of the lifetime interview. With incomplete, thematic interviews concentrating on a single event or incident, entries also give the area of research at which the interview was directed. Place names are given only where respondents lived or were active outside Budapest. With participants in the 1956 revolution, entries include the activity of the respondent and where it took place, any arrest or internment, and the period of custody. With those convicted in Hungary on charges relating to the revolution, the year of release is given only for those not released under a partial amnesty (1959 or 1960) or the general amnesty (1963). Finally, entries show the public-availability status of the interview, the inventory number, the year the interview was made, the length of the interview (in standard typewritten pages of about 280 words), and the name of the interviewer.
Thematic interviews are marked *.
Interviews that are fragmentary or were broken off for some reason are marked [Fragment]
Interviews with offspring and others conducted under the ‘Second Generation of ’56-ers’ research programme are marked [Second generation]
Interviews made under the ’Other Hungary’ research programme are marked [MM].
The inventory numbers of interviews conducted in 1981–1985 under the leadership investigation programme are prefixed V.
The public-availability statuses of the interviews are designated as follows.
[Public]: the interview is freely available for research and quotation with a source attribution.
[Available for research]: the interview is freely available for research, but quotation requires the permission of the respondent and the interviewee.
[Closed]: both research and quotation require the permission of the respondent and the interviewee.

Abod, László (1924-2001). Theologian, sociologist. 1946–1950: head of a youth movement. 1956: director in a factory, member of the Central Workers’ Council of Budapest, sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 193, 1988–1989. 380 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Aczél, György (1917–1991). Politician. Active in the anti-fascist resistance, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1945–1950: Party Secretary, Baranya and Zemplén Counties, 1950–1954: political prisoner. 1957–1967: Deputy Minister of Culture, 1974–1982: Deputy Prime Minister. 1967–1974 and 1982–1985: Secretary of the CC of the CP.
[Available for research] No. 162, 1989–1991. 820 pages, by András Hegedűs B, Gyula Kozák and György Litván.

Aczél, Tamás (1921–1994). Writer, journalist, university professor. 1945-: member of the CP and of the Writers’ Union. 1953-: member of the inner-party opposition around Imre Nagy, 1956: left Hungary.
[Available for research] No. 148, 1987. 120 pages, by Péter Pál Tóth.

Ádám, Ferenc (b. 1925). Carpenter. 1956: member of the Workers’ Council of Borsod County, member of the National Guard, sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 280, 1991. 120 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Alföldi, Zoltán (b. 1923). Legal adviser. 1956: member of a factory workers’ council and of a local revolutionary committee, sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 338, 1991. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Almási, László (b. 1926). Photographer. He opened a studio in Király utca in 1954. During the '56 Revolution he toured the Budapest streets taking photographs for Western newspapers. He defected in 1957. After short periods in Vienna and Germany, he left for the United States in 1959, where he worked mainly in laboratories, before repatriating in 2002.
[Open] No. 830, 2006. 80 pages, by Gábor Kresalek.

Andi, József (b. 1946). Driver. Son of József Andi who took part in the Revolution as a freedom fighter and was executed in 1958. [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 626, 1995. 80 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Andorka, Rudolf (1931–1997). Lawyer, sociologist, university professor. Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. 1956: active in the Revolutionary Committee of Hungarian Intellectuals, 1957: sentenced to 5 months’ imprisonment, 1984-: Head of Sociology Department, 1991-: Rector at the Budapest University of Economic Sciences.
[Public] No. 567, 1993–1994. 220 pages, by István Javorniczky.

András, Gusztáv Ágoston (b. 1914). Transylvanian, teacher. 1956–1964: political prisoner on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution.
[Public] No. 502, 1993. 80 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Angeli, János (b. 1921). Agricultural engineer. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee of Veszprém County, 1957: sentenced to 10 months’ suspended imprisonment.
[Public] No. 452, 1992. 100 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Angyalosi, Gergely (b. 1953), literary historian. He was out of work for a year after signing the human-rights document Charter 77 in 1979, a member of the circle of supporters of the democratic opposition in Hungary, and a department head at the Institute of Literary Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
[Public] No. 810, 2005. 40 pages, by Ágnes Kőműves [MM].

Antal, Árpád (b. 1925). Transylvanian, university professor. Witness to the on-campus life and atmosphere at Bolyai University, Cluj during the Hungarian Revolution.
[Closed] No. 477, 1992. 100 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Ányos, Aladár (b. 1941). Craftsman, self-employed. 1956: secondary school student, insurrectionist, sentenced to 11 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 414, 1992. 60 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Ápelesz, István (b. 1928). Tradesman. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, settled in West Germany. 1989: returned to Hungary.
[Public] No. 414, 1992. 60 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Apró, József (b. 1934). Toolmaker. 1955–6: member of Petőfi Circle. Head of Kispest national guard in 1956. Left country in December and settled in Melbourne, Australia. Returned with his family in 2001. Executive President of World Federation of Hungarian Freedom Fighters.
[Available for research] No. 706, 1999. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.
[Public] No. 744, 2001. 120 pages, by András Lénárt.

Aranyi, Sándor (1907–1982). Medical doctor. Took part in the antifascist underground, 1950–1954: political prisoner.
[Public] No. 95, 1981–1982. 200 pages and attachment, by Ferenc Kubinyi.

Árkos, Antal (b. 1924). Police officer, writer, editor, translator. 1956: settled in the UK, 1962: returned to Hungary.
[Available for research] No. 41, 1986–1987. 800 pages, by Fanny Havas.

Árokházi, György (1933–1997). Electrical engineer. 1956: worked for the Revolutionary Radio of the Town of Székesfehérvár. 1957: dismissed.
[Public] No. 574, 1994. 100 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Ásványi, Rezső (b. 1935). Lawyer. 1956: member of the National Guard, took part in helping political prisoners to escape, 1957: sentenced to 21 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 431, 1992. 180 pages, by Zsuzsa Romvári.

Asztalos, János (b. 1927). Teacher, journalist. 1956: sentenced to 11 years’ imprisonment on account of his articles published during the Revolution.
[Public] No. 484, 1992. 60 pages, by Pál Germuska.

Babay, István (b. 1914). Technician. 1956: Secretary, Central Workers’ Council of Budapest. 1957: spent 7 months in prison.
[Public] No. 262, 1990. 380 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Babics, Antal (1902–1992). Surgeon, urologist, university professor. Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Active in the anti-fascist resistance. 1956: Minister of Health in the 2nd Imre Nagy Government.
[Available for research] No. 128, 1987–1988. 220 pages, by Anna Sebes.

Baczoni, Jenő (1907–1996). Teacher, economist. 1932–1949: Clerk at the National Bank of Hungary, 1949-: senior clerk at the Ministry of Finance, 1954–1975: Deputy Minister of Foreign Trade.
[Available for research] No. 32, 1986. 100 pages, by Vera Pécsi.

Bácsi, József (b. 1926). Worker. 1956: Deputy Chairman, Central Workers’ Council of Csepel (an industrial district of Budapest), sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 214, 1989. 300 pages, by András Vágvölgyi B.

Bácskai, Tamás (b. 1925). Economist, university professor. 1951–1962: lecturer (public finance), 1984-: Head of Department, Budapest University of Economic Sciences. 1962–1968: worked at the World Peace Council, 1968–1984: advisor, bank manager, National Bank of Hungary.
[Available for research] No. 63, 1987. 500 pages, by Vera Pécsi.

Bácskai, Vera (b. 1930). historian, widow of Gábor Tánczos. After university studies in Leningrad in 1948-53, she joined General Medieval Department of Budapest Loránd Eötvös University as an assistant lecturer in 1953 and became a postgraduate student of the Scientific Qualifications Committee of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 1954. On November 4, 1956, she and her husband took refuge in the Yugoslav Embassy and were then deported to Romania with the Imre Nagy group. In 1959-76 she worked for the Budapest Capital Archives, in 1976-9 as a research fellow of the Budapest History Museum, and from 1991 onwards as a senior research fellow of the Central and East European Academy Research Centre. In 1991-2000 she was the founder head of the Economic and Social History Department of Budapest Loránd Eötvös University Arts Faculty, where she has been a professor emeritus since 2001.*
[Available for research] No. 370, 1992. 100 pages, by András Hegedűs B.

[Public] No. 370.2, 2007–8. 220 pages, Márkus Keller.

Bagó, Gyula (b. 1932). Engineer. 1956: took part in the Revolution as a university student, sentenced to 2 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 375, 1992. 260 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Bajszczak, Jerzy (b. 1936). Polish university student in 1956. He founded an organization to help the Hungarian people. *
[Public] No. 622, 1993. 20 pages, by János Tischler.

Bak M., János (b. 1929). Historian, university professor. 1945–1949: active in the Communist Youth Movement, 1956: member of the Revolutionary Council of Hungarian Intellectuals, left Hungary, 1959: one of the founders, Imre Nagy Institute of Brussels.
[Available for research] No. 75, 1986–1987. 280 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B.

Bakonyi Blum, József (b. 1929). Tram conductor. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, deputy chairman of a factory workers’ council, 1958: sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 494, 1993. 40 pages, by László Eörsi.

Bakonyi, Sebestyén Endre (1913–1993). Electrical engineer, pre-1945 illegal communist, party worker, university professor. 1938–1946: resided in South America, 1965–1971: Vice-President, National Planning Bureau, 1971-: President, Hungarian National Bank for Development.
[Available for research] No. V.1, 1982. 220 pages, by András Hegedűs B. and Gyula Kozák.

Balajthy, Anna (b. 1948), economist. On the staff of the Cooperative Research Institute, she and her husband, Zoltán Zsille, emigrated because of her political activity and returned in 1992. She now works as a sociologist.
[Researchable] No. 804, 2005. 160 pages, by István Lugossy [MM].

Balázs, György (b. 1927). Economist, architect. 1953–1968: senior civil servant, 1968-: director of several construction companies.
[Available for research] No. V.31, 1982. 200 pages, by Gyöngyvér Baross.

Bali, Mária (b. 1951). Porcelain painter. Employee of the Hungarian Embassy in Sofia. Daughter of Sándor Bali (1923–1982), an office-holder of the Central Workers’ Council of Budapest in 1956, sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment in 1958. [Second generation]
[Public] No. 683, 1997. 40 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Bálint, József (b. 1931). Economist. 1955–1975: civil servant, 1975-: Head, Economic Department, then Head, Economic Directorate of BHG Electronics.
[Available for research] No. V.41, 1982. 80 pages, by Katalin Szigeti.

Balla, Attila (b. 1944). Anglican priest. 1956: settled in Australia with his parents.*
[Available for research] No. 715, 1999. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Balla, Bálint (b. 1928). Lawyer, sociologist, university professor. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council, 1965: settled in BRD, one of the founders of the Protestant Academy for Hungarians in Europe.
[Available for research] No. 347, 1991. 180 pages and attachment, by Gyula Kozák.

Bán, István (b. 1931). Calvinist pastor, technician, engineer. 1957: sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment on account of two speeches on the Free Radio of Nyiregyháza during the Revolution.
[Available for research] No. 608, 1994. 200 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Bánffy, István (1919–2005). Transylvanian, landowner, army officer. 1958–1964: political prisoner.
[Available for research] No. 108, 1987. 380 pages, by Júlia Balogh.

Bánk, Sándor (b. 1922). Economist. 1964-: Financial Manager, Reanal Fine Chemicals.
[Available for research] No. V.43, 1983. 100 pages, by Dénes Horváth.

Bányai, László (b. 1925). Turner. Hungarian Army volunteer in World War II. 1957: settled in Australia.
[Available for research] No. 723, 1999. 40 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Barabás, Lajos (b. 1932). Transylvanian, teacher, electrician. 1958: sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution.
[Public] No. 599, 1994. 60 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Baranyai, Tibor (b. 1925). Tailor, printer. 1945–1947: Social Democratic Politician. 1948–1964: active in the Social Democratic Party in exile.
[Available for research] No. 89, 1987. 220 pages and attachement, by András Kovács.

Barcs, Sándor (b. 1912). Journalist, smallholders’ politician. 1949: People’s Judge in the Rajk Trial, 1948-: President, Hungarian Radio, 1950–1980: General Director, Hungarian News Agency. 1953–1975: and 1978–1989: Member, Presidential Council of Hungary, 1949–1990: MP.
[Public] No. 81, 1987. 200 pages and attachment, by Ferenc Kubinyi.

Bársony, János (b. 1931). Carpenter, technician, 1953–1981: senior civil servant, 1981-: General Director, National Construction Indrustries, Local No. 43.
[Available for research] No. V.57, 1982–83. 140 pages, by Gyula Nagy.

Barta, Éva (1916–1994). Ceramist, jewellery designer. 1934–1944: member, Group of Socialist Artists, 1944: active in the anti-fascist underground. [Fragment.]
[Public] No. 633, 1994. 180 pages, by Gyula Kozák.

Batonai, Margit (b. 1949). Shoemaker. Her father was a member of the National Guard in 1956, and was executed in 1957. [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 590, 1994. 60 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Bazsó, József (b. 1920). Military officer, technical draughtsman. As a lieutenant in the Hungarian army, he was sent to the front in 1943. He was taken prisoner of war by the Americans while fleeing before the Soviet advance, but the Soviet authorities carried him off to Kiev, where he was sentenced by a military court to 25 years’ corrective labour. He was a prisoner in Vorkuta and Stalingrad and returned home in 1955.
[Researchable] No. 759, 2003. 100 pages, by István Lugossy.

Beck, János (1915–2001). Chemist, diplomat. Took part in the Spanish Civil War, active in the anti-fascist resistance, 1942–1944 and 1949–1955: political prisoner, 1955-: ambassador
[Public] No. 174, 1988. 660 pages and attachnent, by Katalin Mérő.

Beck, Márta Mrs. Endre Havas (1912–2002). Technician, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1933–1934: political prisoner, then in exile in France and the UK with her husband, Endre Havas, pre-1945 illegal communist, writer, 1950: arrested, 1953: died in prison.
[Public] No. 29, 1986. 380 pages and attachment, by Gábor Havas.

by Tibor Beck. (b. 1936). Horticulturist. 1956: Secretary of the League of Hungarian University Students at his university, member of the National Guard, 1958: sentenced to 11 years’ suspended imprisonment.
[Public] No. 525, 1993. 200 pages, by Tibor Beck.

Beke, Tibor (b. 1934). Architect. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, member of the National Guard, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 390, 1992. 240 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Békefi, Gabriella (b. 1928). Chemical engineer. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council, sentenced to 21 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 260, 1991. 380 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Belon, Gellért (1911–1987). Catholic priest, editor. 1959: Bishop (confirmation by state only in 1982).
[Available for research] No. 105, 1987. 80 pages, by Tamás Deme.

Benedek, Ágoston (b. 1934). Transylvanian, unitarian pastor, 1959: sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution. *
[Public] No. 436, 1991. 20 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Benedek, Pál (b. 1921). Chemical engineer, university professor. 1950-: Lecturer, Veszprém University of Chemical engineering. 1963-: Head of Department, Chemical Trust. 1980-: Head of Department, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest.
[Available for research] No. V. 2, 1981–1982. 320 pages, by András Hegedűs B.

Benkő, Andor (b. 1915). Piarist teacher. Joined teaching faculty of Episcopal Theological Preparatory School in Veszprém in 1948 before being transferred to Kecskemét by his order. From 1962 pro-magister and 1967–80 magister of Piarist novices, while also teaching at the order’s Budapest secondary school. In 1982 became assistant chaplain to St Thekla house and later its superior. Since retiring in 1989, curator of Piarist Museum.
[Available for research] No. 742, 2001. 80 pages, by Márkus Keller.

Benkő, Samu (b. 1928). Transylvanian, historian. In the interview he talks about events in Cluj in 1956. *
[Public] No. 434, 1991. 20 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Benőcs, Bertalan (b. 1923). Army officer. 1956: Deputy Commander, National Guard of the Town of Miskolc, 1957: dismissed from the army.
[Public] No. 301, 1991. 220 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Bércz, Jenő Péter (b. 1932). Chemical engineer, biochemist. Participated in the revolution in the town of Veszprém. On November 5, 1956 was arrested by Soviet authorities and brought forcibly to Striy. In the end of December, 1956 fled to Austria, later settled in the US.
[Available for research] No. 671, 1996. 40 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Berecz, Frigyes (b. 1933). Electronic engineer, army officer. 1956-: Held several posts at, then General Director of BHG Electronics, 1980-: member of the CC of the CP
[Available for research] No. V.3, 1982. 80 pages, by Zsolt Csalog.

Bereczki, Mrs. Sándor (b. 1914). Hairstylist. 27 October 1956: eye-witness of the massacre at Tiszakécske Village. *
[Public] No. 403, 1992. 20 pages, by István Lugossy.

Betyár, Ferenc (b. 1931). Engineer. Head of Department, Chief Engineer then Director, Taurus Hungarian Rubber Works.
[Available for research] No. V.54, 1983. 320 pages, by Miklós Polgár.

Bihari, István (b. 1927). Chemis. 1970-: chief engineer then General Director, Chinoin Pharmaceutical Works.
[Available for research] No. V.63, 1983. 100 pages, by Mihály Vajda.

Bihari, Sándor (b. 1932). Poet, editor. 1956: member of the National Committee of the Town of Miskolc, 1958: sentenced to 21 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 521, 1992–1993. 200 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Bikádi, László (b. 1935). Technician. 1982: Deputy Director, Alba Regia Construction Works of Fejér County.
[Available for research] No. V.36, 1982. 120 pages, by Mrs. Ábrányi, née Emilia Horváth.

Birinyi, László (b. 1928). Turner. 1956: head of a factory workers’ council, 1957: dismissed.
[Public] No. 428, 1992. 60 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Bíró, András (b. 1925). journalist. He took part in the wartime resistance. Between 1948 and 1956, he worked in foreign affairs at MADISZ (the Hungarian Democratic Youth Association), the Foreign Ministry, SZOT (National Trade Union Council), and the newspaper Népszava. In '56 he was founder editor of the newspaper Népakarat. He emigrated to Paris in 1957 and was active in the émigré Petőfi Circle and the Imre Nagy Institute of Political and Social Studies. In 1967-78, he worked in Rome on UN agricultural projects. He was founder editor-in-chief of the UN environmental agency's paper (Mazingira, Ceres). He returned to Hungary in 1986. He founded the Autonomy Foundation and Radio C in 1990 and the Otherness Foundation in 1993, winning the Alternative Nobel Prize in 1992.
[Available for research] No. 115, 1987. 260 pages, by András Kovács.

[public] No. 115/2, 2007–8. 280 pages, Júlia Lévai

Bíró, Dénes (b. 1922). Lawyer. 1947-: held several leading posts at the Ministry of Finance.
[Available for research] No. V.133, 1984. 60 pages, by Tamás Kovácsy.

Bíró, Endre (1919–1988). Biochemist, university professor. Head of Department, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest.
[Available for research] No. 168, 1987–1988. 580 pages and attachment, by Katalin Balázs.

Bíró, Péter (b. 1927). Porcelain painter. 25 October 1956: wounded in the massacre at Kossuth Lajos Square. *
[Available for research] No. 294, 1991. 40 pages, by István Lugossy.

Biszku, Béla (b. 1921). Communist politician, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1957–1961: Interior Minister, 1962–1978: Secretary, CC of CP.
[Closed] No. 244, 1990. 700 pages and attachment, by Márton Kozák.

Bódizs, Antal (b. 1928). Agricultural engineer. Worked in several municipal councils and agricultural co-operatives, 1958–1966: Vice-President, Town Council, Cegléd, then director in an agricultural co-operative.
[Available for research] No. V.137, 1984. 100 pages, by Ágnes Czakó.

Bodócs, János (b. 1929). Bricklayer, technician, party worker. 1976-: Chairman, Construction Co-operative of Mátravidék.
[Available for research] No. V.20, 1982. 80 pages, by Mrs. Tóth, née Gabriella Pintér

Bódog, Imre (b. 1917). Engineer. 1956: took part in rescuing of the wounded in a hospital.
[Public] No. 418, 1992. 100 pages, by László Eörsi.

Bodor, András (b. 1915). Transylvanian, historian, translator. University Professor. In the interview he talks about on-campus life and atmosphere at Bolyai University, Cluj in 1956. *
[Public] No. 441, 1991. 40 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Bodor, Pál (b. 1926). Agricultural engineer. 1974-: Director of Trade, State Farm of Bábolna.
[Available for research] No. V.79, 1983. 120 pages, by József Köbli.

Boér, Lajos (b. 1930). Army officer. 1956: Deputy Commander, National Guard of the Town of Debrecen, 1957: sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 456, 1992. 120 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Bogár, Károly (b. 1925). Turner. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of Dimávag Wagon and Machine Works and Deputy Chairman, Workers’ Council of Borsod County, 1958: sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 253, 1990. 540 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Bohó, Róbert (b. 1928). Philosopher, film director. 1956: one of the leaders of the Petofi Circle, sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 83, 1987. 520 pages, by András Hegedűs B.

Bokor, János (b. 1921). Economist, bank clerk. 1950-: senior civil servant at the Ministry of Finance.
[Available for research] No. V.47, 1982. 160 pages, by Éva Voszka.

Bolgár, László (1911–1990). Journalist. 1934–1944: Press Attaché in Bulgaria and Yugoslavia, 1947: settled in France, 1949–1975: worked for the French Radio.
[Public] No. 212, 1989. 220 pages, by Csaba Nagy.

Bóna, Barna (b. 1931). Engineer. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 292, 1991. 360 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Bóna, Károly (b. 1935). Economist. 1956: freedom fighter, rescued wounded in the Revolution, 1957: settled in Switzerland.
[Public] No. 358, 1991. 140 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Bóna, Rezső (b. 1941). Worker. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, 1959: sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 238, 1990. 240 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Borbély, Jeno (b. 1930). Bricklayer, salesman. 1956: left Hungary. 1958–1992: lived in US.*
[Available for research] No. 707, 1998. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Borbély, Lajos (b. 1927). Bricklayer. 1956: took part in the demonstration in the town of Pápa. 1956–1998: lived in Switzerland.*
[Available for research] No. 708, 1998. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Bordás, Attila (b. 1941). – Jancsó, Csaba (b. 1941). Transylvanian technician. One of the founders of the Society of Székely (Sekler), Youth, 1958: sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 515, 1993. 100 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Boross, György (1896–1993). Forestry engineer, teacher. 1953–1966: Head of Department, Forestry Planning Bureau.
[Public] No. 349, 1991. 180 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Borovszky, Ambrus (b. 1912). Mechanical engineer. General Director, Duna Iron and Steel Works, Dunaújváros, 1962–1964: Deputy Minister of Metallurgy and Machine Industry.
[Available for research] No. 99, 1988. 220 pages, by Mária Csanádi.

Borsody, István (1911–2000). Publicist, historian. 1937–1944: worked for newspaper Prágai Magyar Hírlap, 1945–1946: editor of the newspapers Szabad Szó and Új Magyarország, 1946–1947: press secretary, Hungarian Legation, Washington. Settled in the USA, university professor. 1953–1954 and 1957–1958: member of the editorial board, emmigrant Hungarian monthly Látóhatár.
[Available for research] No. 127, 1992–1993. 200 pages, by Miklós Sükösd.

Borvendég, Béla (b. 1931). Architect, university professor. 1982-: Chairman, Hungarian Architects’ Association.
[Public] No. 38, 1982–1983. 120 pages and attachment, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Bosnyák, Mrs. Gábor (b. 1926). Unskilled worker. She talks about her husband, a freedom fighter who was executed in 1958.
[Available for research] No. 642, 1995. 40 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Bosnyák, Zsigmond (b. 1954). Turner. Son of Gábor Bosnyák who was a freedom fighter and was executed in 1958. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 641, 1995. 60 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Bozóki, András (1959). sociologist and political scientist. He began to teach at Budapest University (ELTE) in 1983 and at Central European University (Budapest) in 1994. He was also a guest professor at several foreign universities. In 2005, he started a year and a half's stint as minister of culture in the Ferenc Gyurcsány government, but his political career dated back to the first Lakitelek Meeting in 1987. In May 1988, he joined the Network of Free Initiatives, forerunner of the Alliance of Free Democrats (SZDSZ), of which he was a member from 1989 until dual membership with Fidesz (the Association of Young Democrats) became impossible. He was a Fidesz member from June 1988 to November 1993. He took part in the Opposition Round Table of 1990 (and in researching it years later). He was a founder editor of the weekly Magyar Narancs. In 2003–6, he chaired the Hungarian Political Science Society.
[Closed] No. 870, 2007–8. 43 pages and attachment, by Murányi Gábor.

Bozóky, Éva Mrs. Ferenc Donáth (1923–2004). Journalist, Lutheran pastor. Wife of Ferenc Donáth, politician. 1951: victim of a show-trial, 1956–1958: interned in Romania with the Imre Nagy Group.
[Public] No. 80, 1987. 440 pages and attachment, by Péter Pál Tóth.

Böröcz, Imre (b. 1923). Engineer. 1956: deputy chairman of the workers’ council at his woking place, sentenced to 2 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 268, 1990. 60 pages, by István Lugossy.

Börzsöny, Attila (b. 1939). Engineer. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, left Hungary. 1957: settled in UK, later in New-Zeland.
[Available for research] No. 510, 1993. 100 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Bősze, Balázs (b. 1946). ). Industrial safety adviser, teacher of religious studies. His father, Gábor Bősze (1901–1967), a railway employee in Sopron, was interned in 1957 for taking part in the Revolution. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 684, 1997. 100 pages, by Zsuzsanna Korösi.

Bözödi, György (1913–1989). Transylvanian, writer, editor, sociographer, historian. 1935-: worked for the Hungarian monthly Hitel in Cluj. In the early 1950s: political prisoner. 1975: settled in Hungary.
[Available for research] No. 68, 1986. 180 pages, by Mrs. Beke, née Orsolya Nádor.

Bratkowski, Andrzej (b. 1936). Polish engineer. In 1956 was student of the Technical University of Cracow, participated in the organization of aids to Hungary. Worked for the Ministry of Housing, 1991–1993: minister. *
[Public] No. 621, 1993. 20 pages, by János Tischler.

Bródy, Ferenc (b. 1931), mathematician. He began his career as a philosopher, then became translator and editor of the Marx and Lenin series published by Szikra. From the 1970s until retirement, he worked as a mathematician at the SZTAKI Computer and Automation Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
[Public] No. 803, 2005. 20 pages, by Ágnes Kőműves [MM].

Brusznyai, Margit (b. 1954). Music teacher, choir conductor. Daughter of Árpád Brusznyai who was the Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of Veszprém County during the Revolution, and was executed in 1958. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 602, 1994. 140 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi and Adrienne Molnár.

Budavári, Mrs Győző, née Anna Újvári (b. 1941). Nurse. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution. Her father, József Újvári (1927–1958) was commander of the national guard of the 8th District of Budapest and executed in 1958. [Second generation]
[Available for research] No. 688, 1998. 40 pages and attachment, by Zsuzsanna Korösi.

Bulányi, György (b. 1919). Catholic priest, teacher, unskilled worker. 1952–1956 and 1958–1960: political prisoner.
[Public] No. 197, 1989. 180 pages and attachment, by András Körösényi.

Bulárka, István (b. 1920). Transylvanian, mechanic. 1956: sentenced to 25 years’ on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution.
[Public] No. 516, 1993. 80 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Burián, Zoltán (1932–1994). Civil engineer. 1956: Head of Free Radio of Gyor, sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 372, 1991. 400 pages, by Györgyi Bindorffer.

Bük, János (b. 1938). Craftsman, 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, brought forcibly to the Soviet Union, 1957: interned in Kistarcsa.
[Public] No. 413, 1992. 100 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

C., D. Worked in the State Security Office.
[Closed] No. 46, 1986. 280 pages and attachment, by Gyula Kozák.

Cinege, Antal (1928–1997). Economist. 1953–1957: officer in the State Security Office, 1957–1970: held several posts at various firms, 1970–1979: Director, Magyar Posztó Textile Works, 1979-: General Director, Domus Furniture Company.
[Available for research] No. V.129, 1984. 120 pages, by Péter Darvas.

Cornides, István (b. 1920). Physicist. 1942-: lecturer at the Physics Department of Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, 1956: Chairman, Revolutionary Committee of the Faculty of Science, 1957: arrested.
[Available for research] No. 609, 1993–1994. 400 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Czájlik, Péter (b. 1940). Forester. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, November 1956-: left Hungary, 1957: enlisted by the English Intelligence Service to return to Hungary, 1958: sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 519, 1994. 360 pages, by László Eörsi.

Czecze, Lajos (b. 1932). Worker. 1956: took part in demonstration in the Town of Miskolc, sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment
[Public] No. 273, 1989. 40 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Czeglédy, László (b. 1929). Teacher, mechanical engineer, worker. 1956: member of a factory workers’ council, 1957: sentenced to 2 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 366, 1991–1992. 380 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Csáki, János (1927–2000). Civil engineer. Staff manager. 1978-81: Director, National Branch-Industries.
[Available for research] No. V.45, 1983. 180 pages, by Gyöngyvér Baross.

Császár, László (b. 1928). Mechanic. 1956: member of the National Guard of the Town of Ózd, sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 342, 1991. 40 pages, by Mrs. István Páczelt.

Csatár, Imre (1918–2003). Pre-1945 illegal communist, journalist. 1956: Editor of the weekly
Szabad Ifjúság.
[
Available for research] No. 20, 1986. 500 pages and attachment, by Gábor Murányi.

Csehi Mrs., née Papp Sára (1917–1994). Transylvanian, teacher. In the interview she talks about her husband, professor Gyula Csehi, and about the situation in Transylvania during the Hungarian Revolution.
[Available for research] No. 481, 1992. 140 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Cseley, Tibor (b. 1930). Agronomist. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, commander of a fighters’ group, settled in the USA.
[Public] No. 277, 1989. 40 pages, by Zsuzsa Gulyás.

Cserépy, Gyula (b. 1931). Army officer, printer. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, 1957: sentenced to life imprisonment. Freed in 1970.
[Public] No. 578, 1994. 60 pages, by László Eörsi.

Csernák, Emília (b. 1920). Transylvanian, teacher. She talks about the atmosphere in the town of Nagyvárad during the Hungarian Revolution.
[Available for research] No. 505, 1993. 100 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Csernok, Attila (b. 1929). Economist. 1951–1967: worked at the Central Statistical Office. 1974-: Deputy Chairman, National Bank of Hungary.
[Available for research] No. V.5, 1982. 360 pages, by András Hegedűs B and Gyula Kozák.

Csetri, Elek (b. 1924). Transylvanian, university professor. In the interview he talks about on-campus life and atmosphere at Bolyai University, Cluj in 1956. *
[Closed] No. 440, 1991. 40 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Csicsery-Rónay, István (b. 1917). Librarian, publisher. 1945–1947: leading Smallholders’ Politician. 1947–1949: political prisoner, 1949: settled in the USA.
[Available for research] No. 198, 1989. 360 pages and attachment, by Gyula Kozák.

Csillag, Zoltán (b. 1914). Dentist, army officer. 1945–1956: senior civil servant in the Ministry of Defence, 1956: Head of the Minister’s Secretariat, 1956–1957: worked under the aegis of the Red Cross. 1957: dismissed.
[Available for research] No. 139, 1988. 200 pages, by Katalin Ferber.

Csokits, János (b. 1928). Poet. Csokits broke off his legal studies in 1949 and left Hungary, settling in Paris. In 1963, he began to work for Radio Free Europe and later the Hungarian Department of the BBC. While he was abroad, his verse was published in Paris by the journal Magyar Műhely and in Munich by Új Látóhatár. He repatriated  in 1999 and received a Kossuth Prize in 2006.
[Available for research] No. 867, 2007. 160 pages, by István Lugossy.

Csongor, Anna (b. 1951). Teacher of Hungarian and English. In 1975, she became a family worker at the Parents' Advisory Bureau of Budapest's 20th District, in 1982 a staff member of the Educational Research Institute, and in 1993 a member of the staff of the Social Work and Social Policy Faculty of Budapest University of Sciences. She has directed the Autonomy Foundation since 1995. [MM].
[Available for research] No. 814, 2005. 20 pages, by Virág Udvarnoky

Csongovai, Per Olaf (1930–2005). Film director. 1956: commander of a freedom fighters’ group during the Revolution, left Hungary.
[Public] No. 420, 1992. 120 pages, by László Eörsi.

Csontos, András (b. 1923). Mechanic. 1956: Commander, National Guard of Berettyóújfalu Village, 1957: sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 523, 1993. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Csóra, József (1919–2004). Peasant, salesman. 1956: one of the leaders of the Revolutionary Committee of Berettyóújfalu Village. 1958: sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 447, 1992. 60 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Csorba, Béla (b. 1950). Poet, writer, ethnographer and politician in Novi Sad (Újvidék). In 1971-2, he was editor of the newspaper Ifjúsági Tribün (Youth Tribune) and then taught in Kanjiža (Magyarkanizsa, 1974-5) and Temerin (1976-82). He was editor of the periodical Új Symposion from 1976 until its closure in 1983. In 1982 he became a Hungarian language assistant the University of Novi Sad. He was a member of the League of Yugoslav Communists from 1975 to 1988. In 1990, he became the political representative of the Hungarians of Vojvodina, serving also in the lower house of the Yugoslav federal parliament in 1992-6. Since 1992 he has been a member of the representative assembly of Temerin.
[Available for research] No. 871, 2007. 360 pages, by Csaba Kovács.

Csorba, István (b. 1930). Engineer. 1956: member of the Workers’ Council of Borsod County, brought forcibly to the Soviet Union.
[Public] No. 299, 1991. 100 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Csőgör, Lajos (1904). Transylvanian, medical doctor, university professor. Pre-1945 illegal communist, 1945–1948: MP. 1949: sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment, 1986: settled in Hungary.
[Available for research] No. 7, 1986. 420 pages, by Péter Pál Tóth.

Csőgör Mrs., née Lajos Erzsébet Falk (1911–1996). Transylvanian, psychologist. Pre-1945 illegal communist, 1986: settled in Hungary.
[Public] No. 27, 1986. 360 pages and attachment, by Béla Barabás.

Dalos, György (b. 1943). writer, poet and translator. He went to work in the Museum of the Labour Movement in 1967, but in 1968, he was arrested for conspiracy against the state, as a member of a Maoist group, banned from publication, and dismissed from his job. He became a freelance translator. In the 1970s he belonged to the Hungarian democratic opposition. He received a DAAD scholarship from Berlin in 1984-6, enabling him to do research at Bremen University. He lived in Vienna from 1987-95, working for German and Hungarian newspapers and radio stations. Since 1995, he has lived in Berlin, up to 1999 as director of the Hungarian House of Culture (Collegium Hungaricum) in Berlin. [MM]
[Available for research] No. 825, 2005–6. 280 pages, by Márkus Keller.

Darin, Sándor (b. 1932). Mechanical engineer, inventor. 1956: assistant lecturer, Technical University of Miskolc. Secretary, National Council, Northern and Eastern Hungary. Sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 668, 1995. 120 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Darnay, Benjámin (b. 1933). Journalist, unskilled worker. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee of Csepel (an industrial district of Budapest), settled in the USA.
[Public] No. 597, 1994. 200 pages and attachment, by Pál Gyenes.

Darvas, József (1908). Worker, economist. 1933-: Factory Worker, Chinoin Pharmaceutical Works. 1949–1953: Head of Department, Ministry of Chemical Industries, and General Secretary, Hungarian Chemical Workers’ Trade Union. 1953–1972: Director, Chinoin Pharmaceutical Works.
[Available for research] No. V.139, 1984. 100 pages, by Mihály Vajda.

Darvas, László (1918–2005). Optician, foreign trader. Worked for several firms and embassies in leading posts, 1964–1969: Deputy Minister of Foreign Trade, 1980–1984: General Director, Generálimpex Foreign Trade Company.
[Available for research] No. V.73, 1983. 240 pages, by Gyula Kozák.

Dávid, Ferenc (1915–2004). Party worker. 1945–1956: Party Secretary, Győr-Sopron and Szolnok County, later factory manager. He talks about the Hungarian Revolution. *
[Public] No. 283, 1990. 100 pages, by Éva Standeisky.

Dávid, Gyula (b. 1928). Transylvanian, literary historian, translator, editor. 1957: sentenced to 7 years’ imprisonment on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution.
[Available for research] No. 479, 1992. 120 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Dede, Ernő (b. 1933). Sculptor. 1956: member of the National Guard at the Academy of Arts.
[Public] No. 361, 1991. 60 pages, by László Eörsi.

Dékány, László (b. 1907). Mechanical engineer. 1947–1949: political prisoner.
[Public] No. 303, 1991. 60 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Dénes, János (b. 1930). Worker, technician. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council, sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 93, 1987. 260 pages, by László Varga.

Dér, József (b. 1928). Farmer, agronomist. 1959-: Director of several agricultural co-operatives.
[Available for research] No. V.147, 1984. 400 pages, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Dessewffy, Olivér (b. 1930). Chemical engineer. 1952-: Head of Department then adviser, Taurus Hungarian Rubber Works.
[Available for research] No. V.6, 1982. 140 pages, by Miklós Polgár and Éva Bakonyi.

Dévényi, István (b. 1926). Mechanic. 1951–1955: army officer. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council, 1957: arrested.
[Public] No. 381, 1992. 40 pages, by László Abod.

Dicső, László (b. 1932). Electrical engineer. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council, Town of Pécs, sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 305, 1991. 380 pages and attachment, by Kálmán Kőhegyi.

Dilinkó, Gábor (b. 1929). Painter. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, sentenced to death, then to 12 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 332, 1991. 300 pages, by Zsuzsa Romvári.

Dimény, Imre (b. 1922). Agricultural engineer, politician, university professor. 1967–1975: Minister of Agriculture. 1975–1986: Rector, University of Horticulture, Budapest.
[Closed] No. 55, 1987. 600 pages, by Gyula Nagy.

Dobai, István (b. 1924). Transylvanian, lawyer, politician, university professor. One of the leaders of the Hungarian minorities of Transylvania. 1957: sentenced to death then to life imprisonment. Freed in 1964.
[Available for research] No. 126, 1987, 1990. 1100 pages and attachment, by Gábor Murányi and István Gagyi-Balla.

Dobó, János (1921–1998). Chemist, pre-1945 illegal communist. Took part in the anti-fascist underground in Switzerland, 1950–1954: political prisoner in Hungary.
[Available for research] No. 18, 1986. 420 pages and attachment, by Mária Csanádi and András Hegedűs B.

Dobai, Péter (b. 1944), seaman, writer and author of several screenplays, including that of the Academy Award-winning Mephisto.
[Researchable] No. 805, 2005. 120, by János Molnár [MM].

Doby, János (b. 1925). Shopkeeper. poet. 1944–1945: worked for the Provisional National Government, 1956: active in the Writers’ Union. *
[Public] No. 492, 1993. 60 pages, by Éva Standeisky.

Dohy, János (b. 1934). Agricultural engineer, university professor. He talks about his father who took part in the Revolution and was sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 388, 1992. 80 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Domján, Mihály (b. 1920). Lawyer. 1956: Member of the National Workers’ Council of Baranya County.
[Public] No. 660, 1995. 180 pages, by László Eörsi.

Domokos, Pál Péter (1901–1992). Transylvanian, ethnographer, musicologist, teacher. 1944: settled in Hungary.
[Public] No. 30, 1986. 300 pages, by Júlia Balogh.

Donáth, László (b. 1955). Lutheran pastor, MP. Son of Ferenc Donáth, politician who was sentenced in the Imre Nagy Trial to 12 years’ imprisonment. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 631, 1994–1995. 100 pages, by István Javorniczky.

Dosztál, Béla (b. 1923). Economist. 1951–1953: interned in the Recsk Labour Camp, 1956: one of the leaders of the National Committee of Székesfehérvár and of Vörösmarty Radio, sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 423, 1992. 60 pages, by Emese Bánkúti.

Dózsa, Ernő (b. 1923). Army officer, bricklayer, electrician. 1950-: political prisoner, 1956: Commander of the National Guard in his village, sentenced to 2 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 337, 1991. 60 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Drecin, József (b. 1929). Turner, economist. 1952–1980: held several leading posts in the National Planning Bureau, 1980-: Deputy Minister of Culture.
[Available for research] No. V.121, 1983. 260 pages, by István Hegedűs and Éva Bakonyi.

Drobny, Heinrich (b. 1935). Transylvanian, mechanic engineer. 1956: one of the organizers of a student demonstration in Romania, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment. Deputy Chairman, Council of Temes County.
[Public] No. 632, 1995. 240 pages, by Zoltán Bodó.

Dubay, Miklós (b. 1928). Medical doctor. 1956: chairman of the revolutionary committee of his district, sentenced to 7 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 421, 1992. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Dudás, Mrs. József, née Aranka Horváth (b. 1910). Schoolmistress. 1948–1949: political prisoner. She talks about her husband, József Dudás, Head of the National Revolutionary Committee who was executed in 1957. *
[Public] No. 112, 1989. 100 pages, by Attila Burillák.

Duka Zólyomi, Norbert (1908–1989). Lawyer, historian, music teacher. Anti-fascist politician in Czechoslovakia. 1946–1949: political prisoner, 1949–1953: miner.
[Available for research] No. 37, 1986. 120 pages, by Iván Bába.

Dunajszki, András (b. 1929). Mechanical engineer, party worker. 1957-: Director then General Director, Ganz-Mávag Machine Works.
[Available for research] No. V.44, 1982. 100 pages, by Ilona Nagy and György Petőcz.

Dusóczky, Tamás (b. 1931). Computer engineer. Taught in mathematics and physics at Loránd Eötvös University of Sciences in Budapest, but dismissed in 1953 for his ‘class-alien’ origins. Competitive cyclist. Left country in December 1956 and settled in Switzerland. Held senior posts with IBM and Control Data, then founded his own computer company in 1970. Obtained Swiss citizenship in 1970, after which he visited Hungary regularly. Bought a vineyard in Tokaj-hegyalja region in early 1990s and became a wine producer. Spends most of year in Hungary.
[Available for research] No. 741, 2001. 180 pages and attachment, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Dzitko, Zdzislaw (b. 1935). Polish engineer. 1956: he lived in Hungary as a university student and took part in the Hungarian Revolution as a member of the National Guard then in the political underground. *
[Public] No. 619, 1993. 20 pages, by János Tischler.

Ebinger, Endre (b. 1932). Teacher, physicist. 1956: member of the National Council, Town of Mosonmagyaróvár, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 199, 1989. 140 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

E., F. Worked in the State Security Office.
[Closed] No. 21, 1986. 300 pages and attachment, by Gyula Kozák.

Egei, Sándor (b. 1922). Acrobat, teacher. 1956: eye-witness of the Hungarian Revolution, settled in Germany.
[Public] No. 344, 1991. 80 pages and attachment, by Erika Ferenczy.

Egri, György (1922–2003). Journalist, editor. 1940–1944: member of the anti-fascist underground, 1950–1953: interned in the Recsk Labour Camp, 1956: worked for the newspaper Magyar Függetlenség, 1957: settled in Canada.
[Public] No. 213, 1987. 80 pages, by Csaba Nagy.

Egri, Mrs. Sándor, née Edit Rácz (1919–2004). Clerk. 1956: gave help to freedom fighters, sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 288, 1991. 200 pages, by Kálmán Kőhegyi.

Elek, Mihály (b. 1936). Poet. 1956: head of a freedom fighters’ group in the Revolution, 1957: interned in Tököl for 5 months.
[Public] No. 365, 1991. 80 pages, by László Eörsi.

Ember, Judit (1935-2007). Film director. In 1944, she and her parents were deported from the capital to Kunhegyes and then Szolnok. She studied at the Lenin Institute, but was expelled in 1954 for the views she expressed. She then worked on the youth paper Szabad Ifjúság and for the United Lamp Factory. She completed a degree in Hungarian and history at the Humanities Faculty of the Loránd Eötvös University in Budapest. For a while she taught, before completing the College of Theatre and Cinema in the department of short popular and scientific film direction. As a fresh graduate, she was taken on at the Popular, Scientific and Educational Film Studio of Mafilm. She went on to make documentaries in the 1970s for Hungarian Television and the Béla Balázs Studio, several of which were banned. She was a founder of the video periodical Black Box in 1987.
[Researchable] No. 837, 2006. 240 pages, by István Lugossy.

Emericzy, Kálmán (1915–1996). Lawyer, clerk. 1956: initiated moves to help political prisoners to escape, 1958: sentenced to life imprisonment.
[Public] No. 517, 1993. 40 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Eötvös, László (b. 1915). Legal adviser. 1951–1953: interned in Kistarcsa, 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council, Vörösberény Village.
[Public] No. 328, 1991. 220 pages and attachment, by Erika Ferenczy.

Erdei, István (1904–1987). Farmer, social democratic politician. 1956: Chairman of the National Council of Csongrád County, sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 86, 1986–1987. 140 pages, by András Kovács.

Erdélyi, Ágnes (b. 1944). Philosopher. She began to work at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Philosophy in 1970. In 1992-8 she was director of the Invisible College and taught at Budapest University of Sciences. She has been a professor since 2005. [MM]
[Public] No. 818, 2005. 100 pages, by Ágnes Hadházy.

Erdélyi, Sándor (1931
–2008). Army officer, music teacher. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, Deputy Chairman, Revolutionary Military Committee. 1958: sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 251, 1990–1991. 700 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Erdélyi, Tibor (1932–2002). Architect. 1956: insurrectionist as an university student, 1958: sentenced to 18 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 152, 1983, 1994. 480 pages and attachmetn, by András Hegedűs B and Gyula Kozák and Imre Mécs.

Erdős, András (1923–2009). Economist, party worker. 1973-: Director, Keravill Electrical Appliances Trade Company.
[Available for research] No. V.118, 1983. 60 pages, by László Ábrány.

Erdős, Péter (1925–1990). Journalist, pop star manager. 1950–1953: political prisoner, 4 November 1956: helped the Imre Nagy Group to get to the Yugoslav Legation. 1957: imprisoned for 11 years’.
[Available for research] No. 73, 1988. 440 pages and attachment, by Judit Acsay.

Erős, Ferenc (b. 1946). Psychologist. He joined the Mass Communications Research Centre in 1969 and moved to the Hungarian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Psychology in 1973, where he became a senior fellow in 1982 and head of the social psychology group in 1984. In that year he became a reader at Pécs University, in 1989 head of the psychology department at Szeged University, and head of the doctorate school in the Psychology Deparment of Pécs University in 1990. He also edits the journals BUKSZ and Thalassa.
[Available for research] No. 816, 2005. 40 pages, by Virág Udvarnoky.

Eszterhás, György (1916–2002). Lawyer, smallholders’ politician. 1946–1948: MP, 1948: settled in the USA.
[Available for research] No. 207, 1990. 100 pages, by István Javorniczky.

Faluvégi, Lajos (1924–1990). Economist, university professor. 1945–1968: senior civil servant, Ministry of Finance, 1968–1980: Deputy Minister then Minister of Finance, 1980–1986: Deputy Prime Minister, President of the National Planning Bureau.
[Available for research] No. 136, 1988–1989. 300 pages, by Éva Voszka.

Faragó, Vilmos (b. 1929). Publicist, editor. 1962–1989: worked for the weekly
Élet és Irodalom.
[
Public] No. 226, 1990. 860 pages, by Erzsébet Havril.

Farkas, Imre (b. 1956). Skilled worker. Son of Imre Farkas who was executed in 1958 for having taken part in the Hungarian Revolution. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 640, 1995. 80 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Farkas, László (1909–2002). Transylvanian, lawyer. 1940: organized Hungarian education in Transylvania, 1948–1959: teacher, 1959-: worked for the construction of the National Library in Hungary.
[Available for research] No. 61, 1987. 520 pages and attachment, by Judit Vásárhelyi.

Farkas, Tamás (b. 1935). Economist, engineer. 1958-: held several posts in the Industrial Department of the Council of Veszprém County.
[Available for research] No. V.102, 1983. 180 pages, by Péter Darvas.

Farkas, Vladimir (1925–2002). 1939–1945: lived in the Soviet Union. 1946–1955: lieutenant-colonel, State Security Office. 1956–1960: imprisoned.
[Closed] No. 200, 1988. 300 pages and attachment, by Gyula Kozák.

[Closed] No. 200/2, 1986–9 pages and attachment, Péter Borenich

Farkasdy, Zoltán (1923–1989). Architect, university professor. 1981-: Head of Department, Technical University of Budapest.
[Available for research] No. 52, 1983–1987. 340 pages, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Fazekas, György (1913–1984). Journalist, editor. 1953–1956: member of the inner-party opposition around Imre Nagy, 1956: worked in the Parliament in Imre Nagy’s secretariat, 1956–1958: interned in Romania with the Imre Nagy Group, then sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 67, 1983. 560 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B.

Fazekas, Zoltán (b. 1925). Legal adviser. 1956: initiator and organizer of the Revolutionary Radio of the Town of Szolnok, sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 282, 1991. 400 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Fehér, Erzsébet (b. 1936). Chemical engineer. 1958–1978: held several leadig posts at Taurus Hungarian Rubber Works, 1978-: Director, Hungaria Plastics Processing Works.
[Available for research] No. V.7, 1982. 140 pages, by András Hegedűs and Zsuzsa B. Borszéki.

Fehér, Nándor (b. 1941). Unskilled worker. 1956: member of the National Guard, 1957: sentenced to 21 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 649, 1995. 60 pages, by László Eörsi.

Fejtő, Ferenc (b. 1909). Historian and journalist. He was imprisoned in 1932–3 for illegal communist activity. He worked with the poet Attila József as founder editor of Szép Szó, and on the staff of Szocializmus and the Social Democratic paper Népszava. In 1938, he was charged with incitement for one of his pieces, but fled to France. Fejtő worked in 1944–7 and 1950–74 as an East European commentator for the French news agency AFP. In 1947–9, he headed the press bureau at the Hungarian Embassy in Paris. An article condemning the Rajk show trial of 1949 led to a final break with Hungarian politics. He directed the Eastern European Seminar of the College of Political Studies from 1972 to 1982.
[Public] No. 766, 1993. 200 pages, by István Lugossy.

Fekete, Ferenc (b. 1928). Economist, university professor. 1953–1954: secretary of István Dobi, President of the Presidential Council, 1956: one of the leaders of the Petofi Circle.
[Available for research] No. 13, 1986. 420 pages, by Gyula Nagy and András Hegedűs B.

Fekete, Gyula see Varga, Domokos

Fekete, József (b. 1921). Technician. 1956: one of the leaders of a workers’ council in a Győr factory. 1958: sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 702, 1997. 160 pages, by Attila Szakolczai.

Fekete, László (b. 1918). Army officer, engineer, lecturer. 1956: Deputy Chairman, Workers’ Council of Borsod County, sentenced to 1 year’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 408, 1991. 120 pages and attachment, by Rudolf Ungváry.

Fekete, László (1926–1999). Electrician. 1948–1960: imprisoned several times as a political prisoner.
[Public] No. 246, 1990. 440 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Fekete, Pál (b. 1928). Teacher. 1956: Chairman of the Revolutionary Council of Békés County and the Town of Békéscsaba, 1958: sentenced to life imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 653, 1995. 120 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Fekete, Zsolt (1948–2004). Works engineer, unskilled worker. Son of László Fekete. (which see) [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 613, 1995. 100 pages and attachment, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Fenyőfalvi, Antal (1919–1993). Railwayman. 1956: insurrectionist, sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 266, 1991. 100 pages, by István Lugossy.

Fenyőfalvi, György (b. 1954). Accountant, executive in the state insurance system. Son of Antal Fenyőfalvi (which see). [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 680, 1997. 120 pages, by Zsuzsanna Korösi.

Feri, Sándor (1895–1986). Lawyer. 1916–1920: POW in the Soviet Union, pre-1945 illegal communist, 1950–1953: Judge of the Supreme Court, 1956: intermediary between the Kádár Government and the Soviet authorities, 1957-: legal adviser.
[Available for research] No. 51, 1985–1986. 320 pages and attachment, by Ferenc Kubinyi.

Filep, István (1931–2008). Teacher, worker, art advisor. 1956: Secretary, Revolutionary Committee, Town of Karcag, sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 228, 1990. 120 pages and attachment, by Katalin Ferber.

Filipszky, Zoltán (b. 1928). Economist. 1949–1961: held several posts at the Ministry of Finance, 1961–1970: Director, National Bank of Hungary, 1970–1980: Head of Department, Ministry of Finance, 1980-: Deputy Head of Department, Ministry of Labour.
[Available for research] No. V.53, 1982. 100 pages, by Katalin Mérő.

Fisch O., Robert (b. 1925). Medical doctor. 1956: took part in rescuing of the wounded, left Hungary.
[Public] No. 518, 1993. 100 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Fischer, József (1901–1995). Architect, social democratic politician. 1956: Minister of State in the 2nd Imre Nagy Government.
[Public] No. 42, 1986–1987. 400 pages and attachment, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Fitos, Vilmos (1913–2000). Teacher, editor, clerk, political activist. 1947–1948: political prisoner.
[Available for research] No. 25, 1986. 260 pages and attachment, by Sándor M. Kiss.

Fleck, Antal (1931-2001). Lawyer. Held several posts at, Ganz Mávag Machine Works, 1976-: Director of Trade.
[Available for research] No. V.96, 1982–83. 100 pages, by Ilona Nagy and György Petocz.

Fodor, Gergely (b. 1940). Mechanic. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, 1958: sentenced to 9 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 397, 1992. 140 pages, by László Eörsi.

Fodor, Tamás (b. 1942). theatre director and actor. He was a founder-member of the Universitas company in 1960 and the instigator of the Studio K theatre community in 1970. Since 1986, he has been a member of the Szigligeti Theatre company in Szolnok, since 1987 as chief director. [MM]
[Public] No. 834, 2006. 380 pages, by Ferenc Markovits.

Forgács, Pál (1923–1996). Confectioner. 1941-: trade union functionary, 1958-: worked for the World Federation of Trade Unions, 1988: one of the founders of the first independent Hungarian trade union.
[Available for research] No. 97, 1987, 1993. 400 pages and attachments, by Flóra Fencsik.

Forintos, György (1935–2005). Lawyer, sociologist. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 354, 1991. 280 pages, by Zsuzsa Romvári.

Fóti, Álmos (b. 1943). Agronomist. 1970-: Chief Agronomist then Director, Agricultural Co-operative of Környe Village.
[Available for research] No. V.119, 1983. 100 pages, by Péter Darvas.

Földes, László (b. 1952). Stage manager. His father, Gábor Földes (1923–1958), director, one of the leaders of the revolution in the town of Gyor, was condemned to death and executed in 1957. [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 669, 1996. 80 pages, by Gertrud Hoffmann.

Földes, Péter (1918–1997). Journalist. 1942–1944: took part in the anti-fascist resistance in France, 1953–1956: member of the inner-party opposition around Imre Nagy, 1956: one of the leaders of Free Kossuth Radio, 1960: sentenced to 13 years’ imprisonment, freed in 1969.
[Available for research] No. 150, 1983, 1988. 360 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B. and András Kovács.

Földesi, Katalin (b. 1953). Clerk. Daughter of Tibor Földesi, member of the Revolutionary Committee of Szeged, left Hungary. November 1956: was enlisted by the American Intelligence Service, 1957: returned to Hungary, 1958: was executed. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 596, 1994. 60 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Földvári, Magdolna (b. 1950). Trader. Daughter of Rudolf Földvári. (which see) [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 605, 1994. 40 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Földvári, Rudolf (b. 1921). Mechanic, communist politician, draughtsman. Member of the Central Committee and of the Politburo, First Secretary, Communist Party of the City of Budapest then of Borsod County, 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of Borsod County, 1958: sentenced to life imprisonment.
[Public] No. 231, 1990. 1300 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Földváry, Attila (b. 1930). Worker, army officer. 1956: organized the local guard at his factory, sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 331, 1991. 320 pages, by Kálmán Kőhegyi.

Fráter, Ágota (b. 1937). Language teacher. Refused admission to Loránd Eötvös University of Sciences in Budapest for ‘class-alien’ origins. Left country in November 1956 and settled in Switzerland. Obtained a degree in language teaching and worked as a teacher and later a social worker. Returned to Hungary in 2000 and lives in Solymár. Since then, has done voluntary work for several charitable organizations.
[Available for research] No. 733, 2001. 160 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

F. Tóth, István (b. 1934). Physicist, engineer. 1956: member of the Socialist Revolutionary Committee, Town of Debrecen, sentenced to 1 year’ suspended imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 422, 1992. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Futó, Barnabás (1921–2004). Lawyer. 1956–1958: solicitor of István Angyal who was executed for his activities in the Revolution.
[Public] No. 526, 1993. 80 pages, by László Eörsi.

Futó, Dezső (1916–1994). Journalist, smallholders’ politician. 1945–1947: MP, 1952–1955: political prisoner, 1956: editor of the newspaper
Kis Újság.
[
Available for research] No. 14, 1986. 360 pages and attachment, by István Hegedűs.

Fülöp, Sándor (b. 1920). Transylvanian, teacher, stoneman. 1956: sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution. *
[Public] No. 443, 1992. 20 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Füstös, Ferenc (b. 1919). Mechanical engineer. 1939–1980: held several posts at Ganz-Mávag Machine Works, then Factory Manager.
[Available for research] No. .25, 1982. 120 pages, by Ilona Nagy and György Petőcz.

Gaál, István (1933–2007). Film director. After completing his studies in film directing, he studied on a scholarship at the film college in Rome in 1959–61. In 1978–9, he was a visiting professor there. His first feature film, Sodrásban (Current, 1963) is an important work of the Hungarian new wave. He received a Kossuth Prize in 1981.
[Researchable] No. V.764, 2003. 180 pages, by István Lugossy.

Gábor, András (b. 1930). Engineer. 1974–1975: Deputy General Director, SZIM Machine Factory, 1975-: held several leading posts in the Ministry of Metallurgy and Machine Industry, 1981-: Deputy Minister of Industry.
[Available for research] No. V.94, 1984. 140 pages, by Éva Bakonyi and István Hegedűs.

Gábor, Péter (b. 1948), engineer. He left Hungary with his wife in 1984 and then left Italy for Australia at the end of that year. He worked in Malaysia in 1992–2001 and now lives in Sydney, working as a structural engineer.
[Public] No. 790, 2004. 40 pages, by Ágnes Kőműves

Gadó, Ottó (b. 1914). Lawyer, bank manager. 1954–1957: Head of Department, Ministry of Finance, 1957–1977: Head of Department then Deputy Chairman, National Planning Bureau.
[Available for research] No. V.48, 1983. 80 pages, by Galina Lamberger.

Gádoros, Lajos (1910–1991). Architect, designer, university professor. 1958: Designer of the Hungarian Pavilion at World Expo in Brussels.
[Public] No. 133, 1987–1988. 300 pages, by Mrs. Szabó Ilona Dér.

Gál, Ferenc (b. 1927). State security-police officer. 1956: Witness to the shooting outside the Interior Ministry on October 24. Later held senior Interior Ministry and Party positions.
[Available for research] No. 728, 1996. 560 pages, by András B. Hegedűs.

Galicza, Péter (b. 1950). Philosopher and cinema critic. He was a member of the Communist Youth League leadership formed under János Atkári at Budapest University in the autumn of 1968. From 1975 to 2000, he taught in the Philosophy Department at Budapest Technical University. He began in the 1980s to take classes in film analysis at several institutes of higher education. In the second half of the 1990s, he helped to found the Art Analysis and Media Research Institute of Budapest University, where he still teachers. [MM]
[Public] No. 881, 2006-8. 120 pages, by János Molnár.

Gál, József (b. 1941). Economist. 1963-: clerk in several firms, 1968-: senior civil servant, Ministry of Internal Trade, 1981-: Head of Department, City Council of Budapest.
[Available for research] No. V.65, 1983. 140 pages, by Gábor Csizmadia.

Gál, Lajos (b. 1917). Shoemaker, policeman. 1956: Commander, National Guard, Town of Hajdúszovát, 1959: sentenced to 1 year’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 530, 1994. 120 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Gál, Mátyás (b. 1920). Transylvanian, worker, clerk, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1945–1969: party worker, civil servant, 1969: left Romania.
[Available for research] No. 185, 1988. 340 pages attachement, by Gyula Nagy.

Gáll, Ernő (1917–2000). Transylvanian, sociologist, publicist, university professor. Pre-1945 illegal communist. Editor of the monthly Korunk, Member of the Academy of Sciences in Romania.
[Available for research] No. 15, 1985, 1991. 240 pages and attachment, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér and András Hegedűs B. and István Gagyi-Balla.

Garab, Imre (1930–1994). Army officer, worker. 1956: one of the leaders of the Socialist Revolutionary Committee, Town of Debrecen, 1957: sentenced to life, then 4 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 382, 1991. 100 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Garai, László (b. 1935). psychologist. He was on the staff of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Philosophy in 1964-71 and in various research posts at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Psychology from 1970 to 2001. He obtained an Academy doctorate in 1988 and qualified as a professor of economics at Pécs University in 1998. He has taught at several institutions at home and abroad.
[Available for research] No. 833, 2006. 100 pages, by Ágnes Kőműves.

Garami, Lajos (1919–1999). Army officer. 1956: Commander of the unit which accompanied Cardinal Mindszenty to Budapest from the place where he was under house arrest, sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 297, 1991. 180 pages, by Kálmán Kőhegyi.

Gáspár, Sándor (1917–2002). Worker, politician, party worker. 1956–1959 and 1965–1983: Secretary General, 1983–1988: President Council of Hungarian Trade Unions.
[Public] No. 220, 1989–1990. 360 pages, by Márton Kozák.

Gáspár, Zsuzsa (1943). editor. She was secretary of the University Stage company, then secretary and later production assistant at the 25th Theatre, before joining the Budapest Museum of Applied Arts as an adult education officer. [MM].
[Available for research] No. 815, 2005. 100 pages, by János Molnár.

Gazda, Tamás (b. 1920). Economist. 1954–1968: Director of Trade, 1973–1980: General Director, Ravill Electronics Trade.
[Available for research] No. V.59, 1983. 120 pages, by György Kiss and Gábor Csizmadia.

Geleji, Frigyes (1928–1999). Chemical engineer. 1986-: Deputy Chairman, National Committee for Technical Development.
[Public] No. 300, 1991. 140 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Gellért, Károly (1921–1999). Mechanic, inventor. 1956: member of the Workers’ Council of Dimávag Wagon and Machine Works. Interned.
[Public] No. 298, 1991. 180 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Gémes, Mihály (b. 1911). Catholic priest. 27 October 1956: eye-witness of the massacre at Tiszakécske Village. *
[Available for research] No. 384, 1992. 40 pages, by István Lugossy.

Gereben, Ferenc (b. 1942). librarian and sociologist. He dealt with the sociology of reading, education, the arts, religion and libraries, at the Centre for Library Studies and Methodology of the National Széchényi Library in Budapest, and then at the László Teleki Foundation. Since 1998, he has been a senior lecturer in the Sociology Institute of the Arts Faculty of the Péter Pázmány Catholic University.
[Public] No. 849, 2006. 140 pages, by Gabriella Gőbl.

Gergely, Miklós (1919). Worker, party functionary, economist. 1954–1974: General Director, Metalimpex Foreign Trade Company.
[Available for research] No. V.125, 1984. 200 pages, by Ilona Nagy.

G., H. Worked in the State Security Office.
[Closed] No. 49, 1986. 240 pages, by Gyula Kozák.

Gimes, Judit–Magos, Gábor (An interview with the couple.), Judit Gimes. Teacher, party worker. Sister of the executed Miklós Gimes. Gábor Magos. Agronomist, Party Functionary. 1956: took part in the post-revolutionary underground of intellectuals, 1957: settled in Switzerland, worked for the weekly Irodalmi Újság.
[Public] No. 531, 1993–1994. 800 pages, by Éva Standeisky.

Gombocz, Zoltán (1942–1997). Economist. 1966–1982: held several posts at, Chemolimpex Foreign Trade Company, 1982-: General Director.
[Available for research] No. V.88, 1983. 120 pages, by Zsuzsa Borszéki.

Gosztonyi, Péter (1931–1999). Military historian. 1956: Fought at the Kilián Barracks against the Soviets. Emigrated to Switzerland. Author of several works on World War II and 1956.
[Public] No. 697, 1998. 80 pages and attachment, by László Eörsi.

Gömöri, György (b. 1934). Piterary historian, poet and translator. He took part as an arts undergraduate in the Petőfi Circle debates in 1956. During the revolution he edited the student paper Egyetemi Ifjúság but emigrated to England in November 1956, where he was a founder of the Foreign Committee of the University Revolutionary Students' Committee. He taught in the University of California in 1963-4, was then a research scholar at the University of Harvard, taught at the University of Birmingham, and in 1969-2001 taught Hungarian and Polish literature at Cambridge. He currently lives in London.
[Available for research] No. 750, 2001–2, 1990. 200 pages, by Adrienn Molnár.

Göncz, Árpád (b. 1922). Lawyer, agronomist, writer, translator, politician. 1944–1945: member of the anti-fascist resistance, 1945–1947: Smallholders’ Party politician, 1956: took part in the post-revolutionary underground of intellectuals, 1958: sentenced to life imprisonment on account of his revolutionary activities, 1990-: President of Hungary.
[Available for research] No. 2, 1985, 1990. 420 pages, by András Hegedűs B.

Göncz, Kinga (b. 1947). Psychiatrist, lecturer. Daughter of Árpád Göncz. (which see) [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 568, 1994. 100 pages, by István Javorniczky.

Gráber, Margit (1895–1993). Painter, graphic artist. Member of the Galilei Circle, wife of Perlrott Csaba Vilmos, the painter.
[Public] No. 183, 1988. 120 pages, Scherter, Judit

Guba, Dezső (b. 1923). Teacher, farmer. 1946–1948: leader of the Social Democratic Youth Movement, 1950–1955: political prisoner, 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of Heves County, sentenced to life imprisonment.
[Public] No. 334, 1991. 220 pages, Abod, László

Gulyás, Anikó (b. 1947). Accountant. Daughter of Lajos Gulyás, member of the National Committee, Town of Mosonmagyaróvár, who was executed in 1957. [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 580, 1994. 140 pages and attachment, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Gündisch, Gusztáv (b. 1924). Mechanical engineer. 1948-: held several posts at Taurus Hungarian Rubber Works, 1968-: Chief Engineer then Deputy General Director.
[Available for research] No. V.146, 1983. 120 pages, by Miklós Polgár.

Gyenes, Antal (1920–1996). Economist, communist politician. 1948–1949: Secretary General, National Association of Peoples’ Colleges, 1956: Minister in the 2nd Imre Nagy Government. Member of the Provisional CC of the CP, 1957: discharged.
[Available for research] No. 23, 1986. 380 pages and attachment, by István Hegedűs.

Gyenes, Judith (b. 1932). Librarian. Widow of Pál Maléter. Dismissed from her job and spent several years as an unskilled worker.
[Public] No. 694, 1998. 100 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Gyöngyössy, István (1910–1994). Lawyer, diplomat, financial expert. 1949–1954: political prisoner, 1967–1977 worked at the National Bank of Hungary, then Head, Budapest Branch of Banco di Sicilia.
[Available for research] No. V.8, 1981. 320 pages, by András Hegedűs B. and Gyula Kozák.

Györe, Sándor (b. 1917). Agricultural engineer. 1933–1948: farm-hand, 1949: director of an agricultural co-operative, then civil servant, 1960: Director, Agricultural Co-operative of Abony Village.
[Available for research] No. V.76, 1983. 60 pages, by László Bouquet.

Győrffy, Béla (b. 1928). Agricultural engineer, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. 1954-: Researcher then Director, Research Institute for Agriculture, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
[Available for research] No. V.70, 1983. 120 pages, by András Hegedűs B.

Győrffy, Sándor (1924–1998). Historian. 1944: member of the anti-fascist resistance. 1945-: held several functions in the communist youth movement, 1956: one of the leaders of the Petofi Circle.
[Public] No. 125, 1988. 280 pages + supplement, by István Hegedűs.

Hajdu, Tibor (b. 1930). Historian. 1956: Volunteer at the party centre.*
[Available for research] No. 675, 1997. 80 pages and attachment, by Éva Standeisky.

Hajdú, Yvonne (b. 1924). Translator, interpreter. 1961–1966: prisoner as alleged anti-state conspirator.
[Public] No. 320, 1991. 120 pages, by István Lugossy.

Hajós, Edit (1889–1975). Medical doctor, translator, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1933–1949: resided in the UK, 1949–1956: political prisoner in Hungary, 1956: settled in the UK.
[Public] No. 206, 1974. 60 pages, by Erzsébet Vezér.

Halász, András (b. 1946). Painter. He taught painting and graphics at the College of Fine Arts in Budapest in 1972-6. In 1976, he was one of the organizers of the Fluxus alternative group based at the Rózsa coffee bar. In 1975-9, he contributed to avant-garde art exhibitions. He left the country in 1976, settling in Paris and then New York. In 1983-7, he exhibition in the East Village galleries. He has regularly contributed to Hungarian exhibitions since 1990. At present he is a professor of the Hungarian College of Fine Arts.
[Public] No. 858, 2007. 200 pages, by István Lugossy.

Halász, Péter (1943–2006). Theatre director. He was a member of the Universitas company in 1962-8 before setting up Kassák House Studio in 1969. The latter was banned on political grounds in 1972, after which he confined himself to given lectures in his home. In 1976, some of the company left for France and later settled in the United States, where he, István Bálint and other members set up the Squat Theater. Halász left the company in 1985 to set up the Love Theater. In 1992, he began to direct and act again in Hungary and became a professor of the Unviersity of Drama and Cinema. The interview was interrupted by the subject's illness.
[Public] No. 846, 2005. 140 pages, by István Lugossy.

Hangya, János (b. 1925). Technician. Arrested by Soviet soldiers in Budapest in 1945, he was taken to the Soviet Union. On his return in 1947, he fled to Austria, where he recounted his experiences to a journalist. This prompted the Soviet authorities to rearrest him, and he was sentenced to twenty years’ hard labour on charges of espionage. He spent time in Siberian labour camps in Tayset and in a Moscow prison before returning home in 1955.
[Public] No. 206, 1974. 60 pages, by Erzsébet Vezér.

Hantos, Antal (b. 1933). Chemical engineer. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, imprisoned for several weeks.
[Public] No. 412, 1992. 40 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Haraszti, Mrs. Sándor, née Irén Gróf (1890–1993). Pharmacist. Widow of Sándor Haraszti, journalist, politician, member of the inner-party opposition around Imre Nagy. 1956: interned in Romania with the Imre Nagy Group. *
[Available for research] No. 378, 1983. 100 pages, by Mária Ember.

Harasztÿ, István (b. 1934), sculptor. A fitter's apprentice in 1951-3, he became a decorative locksmith in that year. He taught technical studies at an industrial school in 1957-63, also teaching at the Huber Dési Fine Arts Circle in 1960–70. From 1967 to 1989, he was an interior designer for the South Pest Catering Enterprise. He took part in exhibitions in the Boglárlelle chapel in 1970-72 and became a set designer for the Gergely Csiky Theatre in Kaposvár in 1975-6. He made contact in the early 1980s with members of the democratic opposition and concealed the printing press for the samizdat newspaper Beszélő in his flat. In 1984, he was awarded a German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) scholarship, which he took advantage of in 1987–8. He received the Kossuth Prize in 2000.
[Public] No. 862, 2007. 340 pages, by Ferenc Markovits.

Hardi, Róbert (b. 1914). Economist. 1937–1942-: head of family firm, 1945-: senior civil servant, 1959–1968: Deputy General Director, Konsumex Foreign Trade Company, 1968–1974: financial and trading adviser at several firms and representative of the National Bank of Hungary in Beiruth.
[Available for research] No. V.115, 1983. 160 pages.

Hardy, Gyula (1928–1988). Chemical engineer, corresponding member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. 1954–1956: party functionary, CP. 1956: one of the leaders of the Petőfi Circle. 1957-: Director, Research Institute for Synthetics.
[Available for research] No. V.9, 1981. 260 pages, by András Hegedűs B. and Gyula Kozák.

Hargitay, Mrs. Oszkár, née Brigitta Farkas (b. 1935). Waitress. 1956: freedom fighter. *
[Public] No. 595, 1994. 20 pages, by László Eörsi.

Hartai, András (b. 1923). Electrical engineer. Held several leading posts in different factories, 1978–1983: Director, Elektromodul Foreign Trade Company.
[Available for research] No. V.156, 1984. 240 pages, by Gyula Kozák.

Határ, Győző (1914–2006). Writer, poet, architect. Active in the anti-fascist resistance, 1943: sentenced to 5 years ’ és imprisonment, 1950: sentenced to 21 years’ imprisonment. 1956: settled in the UK, 1957-76: worked for the Hungarian Section of the BBC.
[Public] No. 180, 1988. 680 pages and attachment, by Lóránt Kabdebó.

Havas, Jeno (b. 1938). Chemist, chief engineer. 1980-: Director of Radelkis Industrial Co-operative.
[Available for research] No. V.99, 1983. 200 pages, by István Hegedűs.

Havas, Péter (b. 1924). Worker, pre-1945 illegal communist, Politician. 1947–1972: senior civil servant, 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee, Ministry of Metallurgy and Mechanic Indrustry 1972-: General Director, National Bank for Development.
[Available for research] No. V.109, 1983. 240 pages, by Katalin Máté and Katalin Koncz E.

Hazai, Jeno (1921–1998). Worker, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1950–1956: Deputy Head, then Head, Central Political Committee, Hungarian Peoples’ Army, 1957–1962: senior civil servant, Ministry of the Interior, 1962-: Director, SZIM Machine Works, Esztergom Plant.
[Available for research] No. V.89, 1983. 180 pages, by Éva Bakonyi and István Hegedűs.

Hazay, István (1901–1995). Geodesist, university professor. 1964–1967: Rector of Technical University of Budapest.
[Public] No. 312, 1991. 80 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Hegedűs B., András (1930-2001). Economist, sociologist. 1956: one of the secretaries of the Petofi Circle, 1959: sentenced to 2 years’ imprisonment. One of the founders of the 1956 Institute.
[Available for research] No. 475.1, 1985. 340 pages and attachment, by Klára Tolmár.
[Closed] No. 475.2, 1992–1993. 620 pages, by Gábor Murányi.

Hegedűs, László (b. 1936). Editor. 1956: took part in rescuing of the wounded in a hospital during the Revolution, member of the post-revolutionary underground. 1959: sentenced to life imprisonment. *
[Public] No. 603, 1994. 40 pages, by László Eörsi.

Hegyi, Imre (b. 1918), politician, agronomist and bookkeeper. He became a member of the National Peasant Party in 1939. In 1954, he became a member of the Patriotic People’s Front and in 1966 a county secretary of it. He was on Borsod County Council from 1953 to 1958 and from 1971 to 1980, member of Parliament for districts of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County.
[Public] No. 779, 2001-2002. 460 pages, by Mrs István Páczelt.

Heltai, György (1914–1994). Lawyer, politician, university professor. 1949-: political prisoner, 1956: Deputy Foreign Minister in the 2nd Imre Nagy Government, left Hungary, founder and Director, Imre Nagy Institute of Brussels. 1963: settled in the USA.
[Available for research] No. 184, 1988. 260 pages and attachment, by János Kenedi.

Herner, Erno (b. 1928). Economist. 1947–1958: clerk at several trading firms, 1958-: senior civil servant, Ministry of Internal Trade.
[Available for research] No. V.68, 1983. 180 pages, by Éva Bakonyi.

Herpai, Sándor (1915–1998). Police officer, teacher. 1950–1953: interned in Kistarcsa, 1956: one of the leaders of the Revolutionary Committee, Ministry of the Interior, 1958: sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 171, 1988. 440 pages and attachment, by László Varga.

Hersiczky, Lajos (1920–2002). Foreman, army officer. 3 November 1956: member of the Military Delegation which negotiated with Soviet military leaders brought forcibly to the Soviet Union.
[Public] No. 256, 1990. 120 pages, by György Szitányi.

Herskó, János (b. 1926), film director. He studied at Péter Pázmány University in Budapest in 1945–9 as a science undergraduate while simultaneously studied at the Viktor Gertler film school, which became part of the College of Drama and Cinematic Art, where he graduated as a director in 1949. He then studied on a scholarship at the College of Cinematic Art in Moscow until 1951. He began directing short films in 1949 and feature films in 1953. From 1952 to 1970, he taught at the College of Drama and Cinematic Art, becoming its deputy director. In 1970, he settled in Sweden, where he taught at the Swedish College of Film and Dramatic Art, becoming rector in 1988. In 1994, he was a guest professor at the College of Drama and Cinematic Art in Budapest.
[Public] No. 777, 2003. 160 pages, by István Lugossy.

Herzum, Péter (b. 1939). Sinologist, interpreter, translator, film director. 1956: fought against the Soviets and shot a film about it.
[Available for research] No. 607, 1994. 100 pages, by László Eörsi.

Hetényi, István (b. 1926). Economist, Universiy Professor. 1964–1983: Vice-President, National Planning Bureau, 1980–1986: Minister of Finance.
[Public] No. 119, 1987. 400 pages, by Éva Voszka.

Hevessy, József (1931–2005). Physicist, electrical engineer. 1956: active in the Revolution, 1957: sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment. 1990-: Mayor, Town of Debrecen.
[Public] No. 461, 1992. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Hidegkúti, Béla (b. 1936). Technician, clerk. 1957: settled in Australia.*
[Available for research] No. 705, 1999. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Hídvégi, Ferenc (b. 1916). Toolmaker. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council.
[Public] No. 439, 1992. 60 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Hirth, László (b. 1941). Army officer. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution.
[Public] No. 352, 1992. 80 pages, by László Eörsi.

Homola, István (b. 1938). Toolmaker. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, 1958: sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 449, 1992. 140 pages, by Pál Germuska.

Homola, László (b. 1921). Mechanic, miner, army officer. 1956: member of the National Guard, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 211, 1989. 180 pages and attachment, by Gyula Nagy.

Hónig, Erno (b. 1924). Electrical engineer. 1949: held several leading posts at the VBKM Electrical Equipment Company.
[Available for research] No. V.62, 1982. 140 pages, by Éva Jeles and Kálmán Mizsei.

Horacsek, Gábor (b. 1932). Mechanical engineer. 1956–1966 and 1972–1980: trader, advisor, Technoimpex Foreign Trade Company, 1980-: Director of Trade, SZIM Machine Works.
[Available for research] No. V.39, 1982. 200 pages, by Éva Bakonyi and István Hegedűs.

Horvath, Charles (b. 1954), administrator. He and his wife requested political asylum in West Germany in 1975 and emigrated to Australia in 1976. He is a self-employed financial consultant in Sydney.
[public] No. 788, 2005. 20 pages, by Ágnes Kőműves

Horváth, Csaba (b. 1932). Worker, economist, translator. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of SZIM Machine Works in Esztergom, 1958: sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 236, 1990. 300 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Horváth, Ferenc (1909). Lawyer. 1956: took part in Veszprém County revolutionary actions, 1957: sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 450, 1992. 140 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Horváth, Imre (b. 1935). Electrical engineer. 1959-: Head of Department then Deputy Director, BHG Electronics.
[Available for research] No. V.10, 1982. 80 pages, by Zsolt Csalog.

Horváth, István Dénes (b. 1929). Electrical chemical engineer. While studying at Veszprém University of the Chemical Industry he was held on a conspiracy charge and sentenced on April 4, 1951 to six years' imprisonment. He was sent to Márianosztra and several times taken on convict work. Released on June 12, 1956, he found work in Budapest as a labourer. He joined the street fighting during the revolution and left the country on November 4, soon arriving in Britain, where he took a chemistry degree at Birmingham University. In 1961 he joined the British Gas research institute and was later a research engineer in a private firm, but in the mid-1980s he became a bus driver. He repatriated in 2003.
[Public] No. 864, 2007. 200 pages, by Ágota Varga.

Horváth, János (b. 1921). Economist, university professor. Took part in the anti-fascist resistance, 1945-47: MP, 1947: sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment, 1956: one of the reorganizers of the Smallholders’ Party, left Hungary.
[Available for research] No. 165, 1987, 1994. 220 pages and attachment, by Péter Pál Tóth. and György Litván.

Horváth, József (b. 1920). Mechanic. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council and member of the Workers’ Council of Veszprém County.
[Public] No. 451, 1992. 80 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Horváth, Károly (b. 1936). Chemical technician. 1956: took part in the political resistance, sentenced to 7 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 437, 1992. 100 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Horváth, Tamás (b. 1940). Journalist, writer. 1965: received 2 years’ imprisonment as an alleged anti-state conspirator.
[Public] No. 392, 1992. 120 pages, by István Lugossy.

Hőgye, Mihály (1912–1992). Historian, librarian, Calvinist pastor, politician. 1945–1947: diplomat in Paris, charged by anti-state conspiration. 1948: settled in the USA.
[Available for research] No. 460, 1992. 160 pages, by István Csicsery-Rónay and István Javorniczky.

Hrozova, Erzsébet (b. 1938). Nurse. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, sentenced to death, then to life imprisonment. Freed in 1970.
[Public] No. 304, 1991. 180 pages, by István Lugossy.

Huszár, István (b. 1927). Economist, party functionary. 1953–1963: economic expert in the CC of the CP. 1963–1973: Vice-President, President, Central Statistical Office. 1973–1980: Deputy Prime Minister, 1980-: MP.
[Available for research] No. 250, 1990. 480 pages and attachment, by Margit Tóth.

Huszár, László (1932–2007). Architect. Worked with Revolutionary Students’ Committee at Budapest Technical University in autumn 1956. Emigrated to Britain, worked regularly for Irodalmi Újság (Literary News) and other emigré papers, and finally became secretary of Foreign Association of Hungarian Writers. Graduated in economics and international law from London School of Economics. Since 1961 directs Third-World urban-development programmes.
[Public] No. 748, 2001. 100 pages and attachment, by Béla Nóvé.

Huszár, Tibor (b. 1930). Sociologist, university professor. 1953–1956: one of the leaders of the Communist Youth Movement, 1955: one of the founders of the Petofi Circle. 1969-: founder, later Head of the Institute of Sociology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest.
[Public] No. 499, 1993. 180 pages, by András Hegedűs B.
[Public] »499/2« 2007. 720 pages, Gyula Kozák 

Hűvös, Oszkár (b. 1931). Miner, driver, army officer. 1951–1955: worked in the State Security Office, 1956: Commander, National Guard, Town of Tatabánya, sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 417, 1992. 40 pages, by Pál Germuska.

Igaz, Endre (b. 1938). Architect. Held several leading posts at various construction companies, 1976-: Director, Construction Company of Veszprém County.
[Available for research] No. V.154, 1983. 100 pages, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Iklódy, Gábor (b. 1928). Economist. Officer, Army Corps of Engineers, 1974–1980: General Director, BHG Electronics, 1980-: General Director, Electromodul Foreign Trade Company.
[Available for research] No. V.11, 1982. 80 pages, by Katalin Szigeti..

Inkei, Péter (b. 1945). Language teacher (English/Spanish). Clerk at the Hungarian Section of UNESCO, 1979: senior clerk at the Ministry of Culture, 1984: Executive Director, Akadémia Publishing House.
[Available for research] No. V.120, 1984. 80 pages, by Katalin Szigeti.

István, János (b. 1931). Economist. Clerk, 1971-: Deputy Chairman, Council of Veszprém County.
[Available for research] No. V.103, 1983. 180 pages, by Péter Darvas.

Iszák, Ferenc (b. 1931). He began studying at Veszprém Heavy Industrial University, but feared being caught up in the purges of the early 1950s. He left off his studies and took manual employment, frequently changing jobs. He wanted to defect from Hungary. In spring 1956, he met György Polyák, a former pilot. On July 13, 1956, Iszák had the idea of hijacking an L1 type aircraft used for the scheduled Budapest-Szombathely-Zalaegerszeg flight. The group, eventually of seven people, took control and the plane landed safely at a Nato base near Igolstadt. Iszák has lived in the United States since August 1957. He is now director of his own yoga school and a private detective in Del Mar, California.
[Private] No. 824, 2005-6. 120 pages + supplement, by Andrea Dunai.

Iványi, Gábor (b. 1951). Minister of religion. He was ordained in 1973. A founder member of SZETA (the Support Foundation for the Poor) and the Wallenberg Association, he was a member of Parliament in 1990-94. He was director of the Capital City Social Centre and is now director-general of the John Wesley Theological College in Budapest. [MM]
[Public] No. 819, 2005. 20 pages, by Anna Balogi.

Jakab, Mátyás (b. 1932). Mechanical engineer. 1949–1980: held several posts at various agricultural and industrial firms, 1980-: General Director, SZIM Machine Works.
[Available for research] No. V.42, 1982. 160 pages, by István Hegedűs.

Jakab, Sándor (b. 1913). Transylvanian, economist. One of the leading figures of the illegal communist movement in Romania, 1951: sentenced to 20 years’ imprisonment, 1964-: senior civil servant.
[Available for research] No. 12, 1986. 920 pages, by Péter Pál Tóth.

Jakab, Zoltán (b. 1930). Architect. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, member of the National Guard, sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 387, 1992. 120 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Jamandi, Emil (b. 1938). Transylvanian, transactor. 1962: sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution.
[Public] No. 627, 1995. 60 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Janáky, István (b. 1938), architect. He worked for the industrial design enterprise IPARTERV, then as a private architect and head of the Doctorate of Liberal Arts programme at the University of Applied Arts, Budapest.
[Public] No. 811, 2005. 40 pages, by Ágnes Kőműves [MM].

Jancsik, Imre (b. 1920). Electrical engineer, factory manager. 1964–1981: General Director, VBKM Electrical Equipment Company.
[Available for research] No. V.52, 1982. 120 pages, by Éva Jeles and Kálmán Mizsei.

Jancsó, Csaba see Bordás, Attila.

Jankó, Béla (b. 1934). Physician and university professor. In 1956, he became a student representative on the revolutionary committee of Budapest University of Medicine and directed the rescue and treatment of wounded. He emigrated at the end of 1956, and in the autumn of 1957 became in Vienna a founder member and first chairman of the Hungarian Refugee Students' Association. He completed his studies in the United States in 1959, then set up his own clinic and taught at Stanford University.
[Available for research] No. 826, 2005. 60 pages and supplement, by Márkus Keller.

Janesch, Rudolf (b. 1926). Architect. 1951: 2 years’ prison sentence for incitement etc. 1956: Joined the József Dudás group. 1958: sentenced to two-and-a-half years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 704, 1999. 40 pages and attachment, by László Eörsi.

Jánossy, Ferenc (1914–1997). Economist, technician, adopted son of György Lukács. 1919: left Hungary with his family, 1942–1945: political prisoner in the Soviet Union, 1946: returned to Hungary, 1958-: worked in the National Planning Bureau.
[Available for research] No. V.105, 1983. 280 pages, by András Hegedűs B. and Gyula Kozák and Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Jánossy, György (1923–1998). Architect. Professor at the Hungarian Academy of Craft and Design.
[Public] No. 134, 1988. 200 pages, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Jaszunski, Grzegorz (b. 1921). Polish journalist. 1956: reported from New York about the United Nations General Assembly for the newspaper Zycie Warszawy. *
[Public] No. 468, 1991. 40 pages, by János Tischler.

Jenser, Gábor (b. 1931). Agricultural engineer. 1956: Deputy Commander of the National Guard, University of Horticulture, Budapest. 1958: dismissed.
[Public] No. 458, 1992. 240 pages, by Tibor Beck.

J., K. Worked in the State Security Office.
[Closed] No. 215, 1984. 260 pages, by Gyula Kozák.

Jónás, Pál (1922–1998). Economist, university professor. Took part in the anti-fascist resistance, 1948–1953: interned in the Recsk Labour Camp, 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee of Hungarian Intellectuals, left Hungary.
[Available for research] No. 90, 1986. 80 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B.

Jonczik, Vince (b. 1920). He took part in the social democratic and then the communist movement. He worked on the 1945 land reform. He played an important part in ending the general strike of November 1, 1956. After the defeat of the revolution, he went into exile in Denmark, where he came into contact with Povl Bang Jensen.
[Public] No. 498, 1992. 40 pages, by Vali Tóth.

Juhász, Ádám (b. 1930). Engineer of Metallurgy. 1953–1964: Chief Engineer, Aluminium Factory of Almásfüzito, 1964–1974: Director, Planning Office of National Aluminium Industries, 1976–1985: Deputy Minister of Heavy Industry, 1985-: General Director, Ganz-Mávag Machine Works.
[Available for research] No. V.150, 1984. 100 pages, by Zsuzsa Borszéki.

Juhász, Ferenc (b. 1928). Poet, editor. 1974–1991: Editor of the monthly
Új Írás.
[
Available for research] No. 64, 1987. 400 pages, by Péter Pál Tóth.

Juhász, Pál (b. 1944), economist and sociologist. A theorist of the inner circle of the democratic opposition, he was placed on a banned list in the early 1970s and unable to publish. In the early 1990s, he took a political role and then joined the teaching staff of the Budapest University of Economic Sciences.
[Public] No. 802, 2005. 100 pages, by Ágnes Kőműves [MM].

Juhászi, Ferenc (b. 1931). Driver. 1956: Secretary to the Mór national guard. 1961: Recruited as a spy by the Interior Ministry. 1965: settled in Australia.*
[Available for research] No. 703, 1999. 40 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Kaas, Ervin (b. 1925). Clerk. One of the leaders of the Catholic Youth Movement, 1950s: interned in Kistarcsa and the Recsk Labour Camp, 1956: took part in the Revolution, later in the political underground, interned.
[Available for research] No. 155, 1989. 520 pages and attachment, by István Javorniczky.

Kabelács, Károly (b. 1926). Worker. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, sentenced to life, then to 15 years’ imprisonment
[Public] No. 359, 1991. 140 pages, by László Eörsi.

Kabelács, Pál (b. 1937). Worker. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, sentenced to death, then to life imprisonment. Freed in 1973.
[Public] No. 202, 1988. 240 pages and attachment, by László Eörsi.

Kacsó, Tibor (b. 1931). Transylvanian, agronomist, mechanic. 1959: sentenced to 25 years’ forced labour. 1990: took part in the events in the Town of Marosvásárhely.
[Public] No. 487, 1993. 140 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Kajtár, Imre (b. 1931). Foreman. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, sentenced to 11 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 321, 1991. 80 pages, by László Eörsi.

Káldor, Vera (b. 1928). Medical doctor. 1956: took part in the post-revolutionary underground of intellectuals, sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 109, 1988. 220 pages, by Gábor Havas.

Kállay, István (b. 1915). Teacher, goldsmith. 1956: head of an underground radio station, 1957: sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment, 1964: sentenced to 1 year’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 345, 1991–1992. 580 pages, by István Lugossy.

Kállay, Patrícia (b. 1950). Nurse, worker. Her father, István Kállay (1914–1991) took part in the political resistance and was sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment. Released in April 1961, he worked as an unskilled worker. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 679, 1997. 200 pages and attachment, by Zsuzsanna Korösi.

Kalusi, Sámuel (b. 1924). Technician, POW. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, 1957: sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 577, 1994. 80 pages, by László Eörsi.

K. Nagy, Imre (b. 1928). Unskilled worker, electrician. 1949–1953: interned, later political prisoner, 1956: member of the National Guard, Town of Gyoma.
[Public] No. 309, 1991. 320 pages, by István Lugossy.

K. Nagy, Sándor (b. 1921). Agronomist, economist. 1935-: farm-hand, 1953–1955 and 1972–1976: party secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture. 1970–1972: Head of Department, CC of CP. 1976–1981: General Director, Information Centre at the Ministry of Agriculture.
[Available for research] No. V.107, 1983. 180 pages, by Péter Darvas.

Kántás, László (1933–1998). Teacher, psychologist. 1956: one of the organizers of the Hungarian Democratic Independence Movement, 1958: sentenced to 41 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 311, 1991. 340 pages, by Zsuzsa Romvári.

Káplár, József (b. 1928). Economist. 1958–1962: post-graduate student in the Soviet Union, 1963–1977: held several leading posts at the CC, 1977-: Deputy Minister of Foreign Trade.
[Available for research] No. V.126, 1984. 200 pages, by Katalin Szigeti.

Kapolyi, László (b. 1932). Economist, mining engineer, corresponding member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1954–1976: held several posts at Tatabánya Coal-Mines, 1976-: Deputy Minister then Minister of Heavy Industry.
[Available for research] No. V.141, 1984. 60 pages, by Gábor Csizmadia.

Kárász, Artúr (1907–1992). Economist, university professor. 1931–1945: bank clerk, 1945–1946: President, National Bank of Hungary, 1948: left Hungary, 1968–1976: European Director, World Bank. 1974-: Deputy Chairman then Chairman, Siemens French Branch.
[Public] No. 122, 1989. 280 pages, by János Rainer M.

Karászy, János (b. 1929). Army officer. 1944: active in the anti-fascist resistance, 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, took part in post-revolutionary political resistance, 1957: settled in the UK.
[Closed] No. 507, 1993. 100 pages, by László Eörsi and Miklós Horváth.

Karátson, Gábor (b. 1935). Painter, writer. 1956: member of the National Guard as a university student, active in the post-revolutionary underground, sentenced to 20 months’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 401, 1991–1992. 280 pages and attachment, by Zsuzsa Romvári.

Karcsay, Sándor (b. 1915). Lawyer, translator. 1946: one of the founders of the Democratic People’s Party. 1949: dismissed.
[Available for research] No. 103, 1987. 280 pages and attachment, by István Javorniczky.

Kardos, Jenő (b. 1925). Economist. 1963-: Director, Taurus Hungarian Rubber Works.
[Available for research] No. V.87, 1983. 200 pages, by Miklós Polgár.

Kardos, Julianna (b. 1946), doctor of chemistry. She began to work at the Central Chemical Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 1972. At present she heads the Neuro-chemical Department at the Bio-molecular Chemical Institute.
[Public] No. 799, 2005. 100 pages, by Ágnes Hadházy [MM].

Karig, Sára (1914–1999). Writer, poet, translator. Took part in the anti-fascist resistance, 1947–1953: political prisoner in the Soviet Union, 1956–1980: worked for Europa Publishing House and the weekly
Új Tükör.
[
Available for research] No. 167, 1988. 480 pages and attachment, by Éva Bakonyi.

Kartal, Zsuzsa (b. 1947), poet, translator and journalist. She was dropped from favour after she signed Charter 77 in 1979. An anonymous activist in the democratic opposition, unemployed since the change of system, apart from a four-year period in local government.
[Public] No. 808, 2005. 20, by Ágnes Kőműves [MM].

Kas, Oszkár (b. 1912). Electronic engineer. 1937-: worked at the Standard, later BHG Electonics, 1957–1973: Chief Engineer then Deputy Director.
[Available for research] No. V.13, 1982. 180 pages, by Gyula Kozák and Ágnes Tardos.

Kaszás, Kálmán (1926–2007). Economist, trader. Held several posts at internal trade firms, 1978-: General Director, Centrum Department Stores.
[Available for research] No. V.106, 1983. 100 pages, by Péter Darvas.

Kató, Alfréd (b. 1913). Senior civil servant, worker. 1939-: worked in the Ministry of Defence, 1947–1955: political prisoner in the Soviet Union.
[Public] No. 335, 1991. 80 pages, by István Lugossy.

Katona, Emil (b. 1929). Biochemist. 1952: sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment. 1956: freedom fighter as a member of the National Guard, left Hungary.
[Available for research] No. 594, 1994. 100 pages and attachment, by Attila Szakolczai.

Katona, Pál (1911–1992). Journalist, editor. 1939: settled in the USA, combattant during World War II in the Far East as an officer in the US Army, 1947-: worked for the Hungarian Section of the BBC.
[Available for research] No. 140, 1988. 200 pages, by Gyula Kozák.

Kaunitz, Béla (1906). Bricklayer, pre-1945 illegal communist, party worker. 1949-: manager at several construction companies.
[Closed] No. 123, 1988. 200 pages, by Pál Hegymegi.

Kazareczki, Kálmán (1932–1994). Agricultural economist. 1954–1975: held several leading posts as a civil servant, 1967–1975: Deputy Minister of Agriculture, 1976–1983: General Director, Agricultural Investment and Planning Institute, 1984-: General Director, Hydroelectric Power-plant Construction Company.
[Available for research] No. V.145, 1984. 120 pages, by Ágnes Czakó.

Kazi, Gyula (b. 1929). Panel-beater. Deported from Békásmegyer to Billigheim, West Germany, in 1946 because of his family’s Swabian (Hungarian-German) origins. Labourer in a local brickworks. From 1960, panel-beater at NSU motor-cycle factory and later Audi car factory, becoming foreman in 1964. Regained Hungarian citizenship in 2000 and spends most of year in Hungary.
[Public] No. 740, 2001. 100 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Kázsmér, János (b. 1933). Mechanical engineer. 1971–1990: manager, 1986-: General Director, Videoton Electronic Equipment Plant.
[Public] No. 242, 1990. 280 pages, by Kálmán Kőhegyi.

Kecskeméthy, Géza (b. 1931). Engineer, inventor. 1956: took part in the students’ revolutionary movement.
[Public] No. 287, 1991. 80 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Kelemen, Csongor (b. 1940). Transylvanian, electrical technician. 1957: student of divinity, 1959: sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment, freed in 1964.
[Public] No. 616, 1995. 100 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Kelemen, Sándor (b. 1917). Journalist, politician. 1947–1953: political prisoner, 1956: one of the leaders of the Petofi (Peasant), Party.
[Public] No. 172, 1988. 500 pages attachment, by András Körösényi.

Kelen, Béla (1920–1994). Politician, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1945-: party worker, one of the leaders of the Communist Youth Movement, 1956–1962: Secretary, Communist Party of Budapest, 1962–1983: Editor-in-Chief of the newspaper Esti Hírlap.
[
Available for research] No. 101, 1987. 940 pages and attachment, by Gábor Murányi.

Kemény, István (b. 1925). Sociologist. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Council of Hungarian Intellectuals, 1958: sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment, 1977–1990: lived in Paris.
[Closed] No. 160, 1988. 440 pages, by Gábor Havas.

Kende, Péter (b. 1927). Journalist, political scientist, university professor. 1947–1955: worked for the newspaper Szabad Nép, 1956: edited the newspaper Magyar Szabadság and an underground newspaper Október Huszonharmadika, 1957: settled in Paris, one of the founders, Imre Nagy Institute of Brussels.
[Public] No. 84, 1987. 480 pages, by Gyula Kozák.

Kenessey, Csaba (b. 1935). Driver. 1956: Joined the József Dudás group. Emigrated to Switzerland.
[Available for research] No. 698, 1998. 40 pages, by László Eörsi.

Kerekes, Antal (b. 1934). Agricultural engineer. Worked for several agricultural co-operatives and state farms in various posts.
[Available for research] No. V.117, 1983. 100 pages, by Katalin Szigeti.

Kerekes, József (b. 1923). Lawyer. 1942-: held various posts at Taurus Hungarian Rubber Works, 1978-: Deputy General Director.
[Available for research] No. V.78, 1983. 300 pages, by Miklós Polgár.

Kerényi, László (b. 1923). Electrical technician. 1946: imprisoned as an anti-state conspirator, 1948–1953: political prisoner in the Soviet Union.
[Public] No. 247, 1990. 260 pages, by István Lugossy.

Keresztes K., Sándor (b. 1944). Architect, politician. Son of Sándor Keresztes. (which see) [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 576, 1994. 180 pages, by István Javorniczky.

Keresztes, Sándor (b. 1919). Politician. 1946–1949: one of the leaders of the Democratic People’s Party, MP, 1956: reorganized his party, 1957: interned.
[Available for research] No. 104, 1988, 1994. 800 pages and attachment, by István Javorniczky.

Kereszthidi, Kézer Ottó (b. 1923). Electrician. 1945–1953: POW, later political prisoner in the Soviet Union, 1955–1956: political prisoner in Hungary.
[Public] No. 336, 1991. 140 pages, by István Lugossy.

Kéri, József (1924–1985). Lawyer, pre-1945 illegal communist. Active in the communist youth movement. 1954–1956: Attorney General, County of Győr-Sopron, 1956: member of the Dunántúl (Western Hungary), National Committee, sentenced to 7 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. V.149, 1984. 320 pages, by István Hegedűs.

Kéri, Kálmán (1901–1994). Military officer. 1942-: adjutant of the Minister of Defence, 1944: Chief of General Staff. Took part in the armistice negotiations in Moscow. 1945–1949: clerk, CIBA Pharmaceutical Works, 1949–1953: interned in Kistarcsa and the Recsk Labour Camp, 1954-: porter, storeman.
[Available for research] No. 102, 1987. 80 pages, by Ferenc Kubinyi.

Keszi-Harmath, Edit (b. 1925). Transylvanian, university professor. She talks about the on-campus life and atmosphere at Bolyai University, Cluj during the Hungarian Revolution. *
[Public] No. 435, 1990. 20 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Keveházi, Ferenc (b. 1926). Medical doctor. Arrested by the ÁVH security police in 1948, he was sentenced on February 18, 1949 by a Soviet military court to 25 years hard labour on charges of conspiracy and espionage. He was a prisoner in Vorkuta. He returned home in November 1955.
[Public] No. 760, 1994. 60 pages, by István Lugossy.

Kimpián, György (b. 1940). Transylvanian, hairstylist. 1957: sentenced to 7 years’ imprisonment as an alleged anti-state conspirator.
[Public] No. 636, 1994. 60 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Király, Béla (b. 1912). Historian, army officer, university professor. 1951: sentenced to death, then to life imprisonment, released in 1956. In the Revolution commander of the National Guard and Military Commander of the City of Budapest. 1957: settled in the USA. 1989: returned to Hungary.
[Public] No. 178, 1986–1987. 360 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs and Júlia Bika and Péter Pál Tóth. and László Székely.

Király, György (b. 1940). Roofer. 1956: freedom fighter in the Hungarian Revolution, 1957: sentenced to 7 years’ then to 5 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 634, 1995. 60 pages, by László Eörsi.

Király, Lajos (b. 1921). Lawyer, railwayman, architect. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council, member of the revolutionary committee in his district, sentenced to 8 months’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 369, 1991. 60 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Kismarty, Loránd (b. 1912). Mechanical engineer, economist. 1938–1962: senior civil servant, 1962-: Head of Department, National Committee for Technical Development.
[Available for research] No. V.12, 1982. 120 pages, by András Hegedűs B. and Katalin Koncz E.

Kiss, Béla (b. 1922). Chemical engineer. 1948–1956: employee, Hungarian Cabel Works, 1956: head of a workers’ council, 1963–1982: civil servant, Ministry of Heavy Indrustry.
[Available for research] No. V.15, 1982. 120 pages, by Zsuzsa Borszéki.

Kiss, István (1906). Lawyer, public administration expert, civil servant.
[Public] No. 56, 1987. 440 pages and attachment, by Veronika Torkos.

Kiss, István (b. 1922). Party functionary, police officer. Was organizer of the national guard at Budapest Police Headquarters during the revolution. Was arrested between March, 1957 and August, 1958. 1959–1981: lawyer, head of department at a firm.
[Public] No. 663, 1995. 180 pages, by Miklós Horváth.

Kiss, József (b. 1926). Technician. 1955-: clerk at Construction Works, 1956: Chairman of a workers’ council, 1964-: General Director, Alba Regia Construction Company of Fejér County.
[Available for research] No. V.16, 1982. 160 pages, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Kiss, József (1930–2004). Engineer. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of Borsod County, 1958: sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 176, 1990–1991. 220 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Kiss, Károly (1930–1998). Journalist, poet. 1947–1948: political prisoner, 1956: one of the organizers of the Petofi Circle, sentenced to 31 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 59, 1987, 1991. 200 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B.

Kiss, Tamás (b. 1934). Lawyer. 1956: Founder member of the student organization MEFESZ in Szeged. 1957: Arrested. 1959: Sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment. 1990-94: Deputy mayor of Balassagyarmat. 1996-99: Adviser to the prime minister.
[Public] No. 734, 2000. 160 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Kistormási, József (b. 1941). Technician. 1960-: Factory Manager, Party Secretary, Head of Department, Alba Regia Construction Company of Fejér County.
[Available for research] No. V.30, 1982. 140 pages, by Gyöngyvér Baross.

Klement, László (b. 1925). Technician, civil servant. 1949-: accountant, then Chairman, Timber Co-operative of Pécs.
[Available for research] No. V.112, 1983. 200 pages, by Mrs. Farkas, née Zsuzsanna Kurucz.

Klenczer, András (b. 1926). Agricultural engineer, economist, party functionary. 1960-: Head of Department, Ministry of Agriculture, 1965-: Deputy Minister of Agriculture, 1967-: General Director, National Centre of State Farms.
[Available for research] No. V.97, 1983. 160 pages, by Ágnes Czakó.

Koczek, Éva (b. 1938). Pathologist. 1957: settled in Australia.*
[Available for research] No. 710, 1999. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Kocsár, József (b. 1930). Engineer. 1956: Deputy Chairman, Revolutionary Council of Szolnok County, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 373, 1992. 200 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Kocsis, Géza (b. 1930). Chemist, lecturer. 1956: took part in the revolutionary movement at the Veszprém University of Chemical engineering, brought forcibly to the Soviet Union.
[Public] No. 327, 1991. 140 pages and attachment, by Erika Ferenczy.

Kolompár, Valéria (b. 1954). and Kolompár, Erzsébet (b. 1957). Daughters of Mátyás Kolompár who was executed in 1957 for his activities in the Hungarian Revolution. [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 592, 1994. 40 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Kolozsy, László (b. 1950). Electrician. Son of István Kolozsy, a member of the Workers’ Council of Ózd Iron and Steel Works who was executed in 1958. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 646, 1995. 80 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Komjáti, János (b. 1928). Printer. In the interview he speaks about his executed brother, Ferenc Komjáti.
[Public] No. 271, 1989. 100 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Koncz, Csaba (b. 1938). Photographer. Has exhibited photos regularly with Gyula Lőrinczy and Zoltán Nagy since mid-1960s. Was a member of Muskátli Gallery group of avant-garde artists. Left country in 1967 and lived in France, Switzerland and West Germany, spending several years in a commune. Abandoned photography for esoteric subjects and astronomy. Resettled in Hungary in 1992 and concerns himself with bio horticulture and musical-instrument making.
[Public] No. 743, 2001. 80 pages, by János Palotai.

Kontra, György (b. 1925). Medical doctor, lecturer, scholar. Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest.
[Public] No. 223, 1987. 120 pages, by Tamás Deme.

Kónya, István (b. 1947). Architect. 1972-: Chief Engineer, Construction Co-operative of Fertod.
[Available for research] No. V.14, 1982. 140 pages, by Gyula Nagy.

Kónya, Lajos (b. 1928). Economist. 1951–1978: Head of Department, National Planning Bureau, 1978–1981: Deputy Chairman of the National Association of Industrial Co-operatives, 1981-: Deputy Chairman, National Office of Wages and Employment.
[Available for research] No. V.136, 1984. 100 pages, by Galina Lamberger.

Koós, Anna (b. 1948). Actress and writer. She joined Universitas in 1967 and worked for Kassák House Studio in 1969-76. She then joined the Apartment Theatre and emigrated with the company to Paris in 1976. She moved to New York in 1977, and repatriated in 2002.
[public] No. 822, 2006. 120 pages, by István Lugossy.

Kopré, József (1919–2000). Teacher, writer. 1956: worked for the newspaper Magyar Függetlenség, member of a revolutionary committee.
[Public] No. 493, 1993. 120 pages, by Péter Baló.

Koren, Miklós (b. 1922). Economist, civil servant. 1957–1974: General Director, Villért Commercial Firm.
[Public] No. 275, 1990. 60 pages, by Melinda Szabó.

Koroly, T. György (b. 1928). Worker, army officer. 1956: Commander, National Guard of Kispest (a district of Budapest), sentenced to death, then to 15 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 350, 1991. 380 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Kós, Péter (b. 1921). Chemist, diplomat. 1956: Permanent Representative of Hungary at the United Nations. 1957–1963: ambassador in various countries.
[Available for research] No. 239, 1990. 180 pages and attachment, by Gábor Murányi.

Kósa, Katalin (b. 1943). Teacher. Daughter of Pál Kósa, a member of the National Committee of Újpest (an industrial district of Budapest), who was executed in 1959. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 658, 1995. 80 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Kovács, András (b. 1925). Film director. 1981–1986: President, Hungarian Film and TV Artists’ Union.
[Available for research] No. 241, 1992. 300 pages, by István Lugossy.

Kovács, András Gyula (b. 1932). Taxi driver. 1956: Joined the József Dudás group. 1957: settled in Australia.*
[Public] No. 727, 1999. 80 and 20 pages, by László Eörsi and Attila Lökkös.

Kovács, Béla (b. 1914). Teacher, librarian. 1945: Smallholders’ Party politician, 1956: Member of the Socialist Revolutionary Committee, Town of Debrecen, 1958: sentenced to 2 years’ imprisonment. 1990–1994:MP.
[Available for research] No. 497, 1991. 120 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Kovács, Gyula (b. 1934). Transylvanian, economist. 1959: sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution.
[Public] No. 534, 1993. 60 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Kovács, István (b. 1911). Party functionary, pre-1945 illegal communist, member of the Central Committee and Politbureau, Secretary, CC of CP. [Fragment.]
[Available for research] No. 158, 1988. 300 pages, by János Rainer M.

Kovács, István (1917–2000). Army officer, translator. 1956: Chief, General Staff of the Hungarian Peoples’ Army, member of the Military Delegation which negotiated with Soviet Military Leaders on the 3 November, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 259, 1990. 60 pages and attachment, by Mrs. Miklós Vásárhelyi.

Kovács, István (b. 1934). Agricultural engineer. 1960–1969: civil servant, 1969-: senior civil servant, Ministry of Agriculture.
[Available for research] No. V.21, 1983. 120 pages, by Gyöngyvér Baross.

Kovács, Kálmán (b. 1928). Electrical engineer, economist. Party functionary and Director of Trade, BHG Electronics.
[Available for research] No. V.56, 1982. 80 pages, by Katalin Szigeti.

Kovács, Nándor (b. 1933). Worker, architect. 1952: sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment, 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee and National Guard, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest. Interned in Kistarcsa.
[Public] No. 254, 1990. 240 pages, by Gyula Nagy.

Kováts, Gábor (1922–1991). Chemical engineer. 1953–1956: Director, Research Institute for Chemical Industries, 1956: member of the Revolutionary Council, Ministry of Chemical Industries 1957-: deputy director of a research institute, 1970-: manager, Vegyterv Planning Institute for Chemical Facilities.
[Available for research] No. V.77, 1983. 200 pages, by Mrs. Farkas, née Zsuzsanna Kurucz and András Hegedűs B.

Köböl, József (1909–2000). Carpenter, party worker. One of the leaders of the illegal CP. 1940’s–1950’s: communist functionary, 1949–1950: Deputy Mayor of Budapest, 1957: member of the CC of the CP, discharged. 1957–1960: Deputy Minister of Publich Constructions, 1960–1973: Head of Department, National Plannig Bureau.
[Available for research] No. 24, 1986. 220 pages, by Gábor Havas.

Kőhegyi, Kálmán (b. 1947), sociologist. One of the broader circle of supporters of the democratic opposition and staff member of the Cooperative Research Institute. Since 1989, he has worked for the economic analysts Pénzügykutató PLC and for the Ministry of the Economy.
[Public] No. 801, 2005. 60 pages, by Ágnes Kőműves [MM].

Körtvélyes, István (b. 1931). Chemical engineer. 1954–1980: held several leading posts at various chemical firms and at the Ministry of Heavy Industry, 1980-: Deputy Minister of Industry.
[Available for research] No. V.85, 1983. 120 pages, by Zsuzsa Borszéki.

Köveskuti, Lajos (b. 1927). Electrical engineer. 1952–1958: army officer, Hungarian Peoples’ Army, 1959-: engineer then Chief Engineer, 1976-: Director, Telecommunications Co-operative.
[Available for research] No. V.124, 1984. 80 pages, by Gyöngyvér Baross.

Krassó, György (1932–1991). Skilled labourer, economist, translator. Was freedom fighter during the revolution and participated in the political underground after November 4, 1956. In 1957 was sentenced to ten years. Was active in the democratic oppositional movement. 1985–1989: worked for Radio Free Europe and BBC in London. [Fragment.]
[Public] No. 651, 1985. 200 pages and attachment, by Péter Pallai.

Krokovay, Zsolt (1946). philosopher. He taught in the philosophy department of Budapest Technical University from 1974 to 1979, when he was dismissed for his opposition attitude. He taught in Leicester, England, in 1985 and then at the University of Arizona in Tucson, United States, from 1986 to 1989. Since 1990, he has taught in the philosophy department at the University of Pécs, as well as at János Kodolányi College and János Wesley College. He has been a candidate of philosophical studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences since 1996. (MM)
[Public] No. 864, 2006–7. 160 pages and attachment, by Balázs Apor.

Kuczka, Péter (1923–1999). Poet, writer, journalist. 1954-: member of the inner-party opposition around Imre Nagy. 1956: Secretary, National Committe, 1957–1964: was forbidden to publish, 1976-: editor.
[Available for research] No. 48, 1987–1988. 680 pages, by Fanny Havas.

Kuklay, Antal (b. 1932). Catholic priest, librarian. 1956: took part in the revolutionary movement as a university student, sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 216, 1989–1990. 180 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár

Kun, Miklós (1908–2005). Medical doctor, pre-1945 illegal communist, psychiatrist. 1956: Chief Physician in Hévíz Spa Hospital.
[Public] No. 216, 1989–1990. 180 pages and attchment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Kun, Zsigmond (1893–2000). Clerk, economist. 1938–1939: editor of the monthly Magyar Fórum. Founder of a Folkrolistic Collection.
[Public] No. 31, 1985. 280 pages, by Péter Pál Tóth.

Kunszt, György (b. 1924). Architect, philosopher, university professor, Technical University of Budapest. 1980-: Director, Research Institute of Building Materials.
[Public] No. 323, 1990–1991. 220 pages, by Ágnes Czakó.

Kuti, Lajos (b. 1920). Mechanical engineer, economist. 1963–1980: General Director, SZIM Machine Works.
[Available for research] No. V.58, 1983. 200 pages, by István Hegedűs and Éva Bakonyi.

Ladányi, Endre (b. 1925). Mechanical engineer. 1946–1950: party functionary. Chief Engineer and Director, Ganz-Mávag Machine Works.
[Available for research] No. V.24, 1982. 120 pages, by Ilona Nagy and György Petocz.

Lajos, Ferenc (b. 1912). Graphic artist, publisher, craftsman. 1956: Chairman, Trade Union of Artists.
[Public] No. 290, 1991. 620 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Lajtai, Endre (b. 1939). Electrician. Father, Lajos Lajtai (1911–1978) headed the workers’ council at the Agricultural Machinery Factory, Mosonmagyaróvár, was sentenced in 1958 to 6 years’ imprisonment and released in 1961. [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 677, 1996. 80 pages and attachment, by Fanny Havas.

Lakatos, Éva (1905–1993). Party worker, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1935–1945: resided in the Soviet Union, 1965-: Director, Hungarian Philharmonic Society.
[Public] No. 117, 1987–1988. 220 pages and attachment, by Katalin Ferber.

Lakatos, György (1913–1995). Mechanical engineer, inventor. Researcher, Tungsram Electronic Works.
[Available for research] No. 376, 1991–1992. 280 pages and attachment, by Gábor Garai.

Lakatos, Imre (1908–1994). Lawyer. 1949: judge in the People’s Court, 1957–1962: judge in the Supreme Court of Justice, 1962-: legal adviser.
[Available for research] No. 16, 1986. 360 pages, by Mária Lakatos.

Lakatos, István (1927–2002). Writer, poet. 1956: one of the founders of the Bessenyei Circle, worked for the newspaper Igazság during the Revolution, member of the leadership of the Writers’ Union, sentenced to 2 years and 10 months’ imprisonment. *
[Available for research] No. 326, 1984. 40 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B.

Lambrecht, Miklós (1921–1992). Medical doctor. 1956: head of the voluntary ambulance service at the Péterfy Sándor Street Hospital during the Revolution, sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 192, 1988–1989. 740 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Landler, Erzsébet (1906–1986). Economist. Daughter of Jeno Landler, the communist politician. 1918–1928: resided in Vienna, 1928–1946: in the Soviet Union, 1949–1971: civil servant. Her husband was executed in the Soviet Union in 1937.
[Public] No. 17, 1986. 820 pages, by Katalin Szigeti.

Láposi, Sándor (b. 1930). Army officer, economist. 1956: one of the personal guards of Imre Nagy in the Parliament building, left the army after the revolution.
[Public] No. 263, 1991. 100 pages and attachment, by Gábor Garai.

Lasota, Eligiusz (b. 1929). Polish journalist. 1953–1956: Editor of the newspaper Po prostu, he talks about Polish events in connection with the Hungarian Revolution. *
[Public] No. 485, 1991. 60 pages, by János Tischler.

Lassan, György (b. 1936). Worker. 1956: commander of a fighters’ group in the Revolution, left Hungary.
[Public] No. 511, 1993. 80 pages, by Miklós Horváth.

László, György (1924–2005). Textile engineer, economist, party worker. 1954–1961: senior civil servant, City Council of Budapest, 1963–1984: Director, Patyolat Laundry Chain of Budapest.
[Available for research] No. V.128, 1984. 140 pages, by Péter Darvas.

László, Gyula (1910–1998). Painter, archeologist, university professor. [Fragment.]
[Available for research] No. 203, 1988. 100 pages, by Gabriella Lengyel.

Latinger, Erzsébet (b. 1936). Unskilled worker. 1956: settled in UK. 1969: settled in Australia.*
[Available for research] No. 716, 1999. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Laurenszky, Ernő (b. 1926). Teacher. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee of Hungarian Intellectuals and of the University National Guard.
[Public] No. 362, 1991. 180 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Lay, Imre (b. 1938). Transylvanian, turner. 1956: as a student took part in the work of the Hungarian Youth Society of Transylvania, 1959: sentenced to 20 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 563, 1993. 80 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Lázár, Imre (b. 1935). Librarian, teacher. 1956: member of the Socialist Revolutionary Committee, Town of Debrecen, 1958: sentenced to 1 year’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 427, 1992. 60 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Lazur, Barna (1930–1999). Army officer, technician. 1956: Head of the National Guard, Town of Szeged, 1958: sentenced to 9 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 153, 1989. 100 pages, by Gyula Kozák and Imre Mécs.

Lendvay, György (b. 1919). Turner. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council, 1958: sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 528, 1993–1994. 240 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Lengyel, Balázs (1918–2007). Writer, editor. He talks about the role of the Writers’ Union during and after the Revolution. *
[Public] No. 483, 1992. 120 pages, by Éva Standeisky.

Libik, András (b. 1932). Film director, producer. 1956: left Hungary. He made a documentary film about the Hungarian Revolution.
[Available for research] No. 186, 1989. 280 pages, by András Körösényi.

Libik, György (1919–1995). Engineer. 1944: member of the anti-fascist resistance, 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee of Hungarian Intellectuals, proposed the declaration of the neutrality of Hungary. 1957: settled in Sweden.
[Public] No. 330, 1991. 340 pages and attachment, by Éva Standeisky.

Linczmájer, János (1939). Economist. He took part as a secondary-school student on November 4, 1956 in defending Veszprém Castle. A few days later, the Soviet authorities hauled him off to Ukraine and imprisoned him there. He was allowed home in December but defected at the end of the year. He lived in Austria, New York, Brussels, London and southern Spain before repatriating in 1991.
[Available for research] No. 869, 2007. 140 pages and attachment, by Ágota Varga.

Lichtenstein, Sándor (1928–1999). Worker. 1956: member of the National Committee of Újpest (an industrial district of Budapest), 1959: sentenced to death, then to life imprisonment, 1980s : settled in Canada.
[Available for research] No. 121, 1979. 580 pages, by György Krassó.

Linsenman-Kwasniewska, Hanna (b. 1933). Polish accountant. In 1956 was on study trip in Hungary, joined the national guard of the Faculty of Arts, Eötvös Loránd University.
[Public] No. 618, 1993. 40 pages, by János Tischler.

Lipovecz, Iván (b. 1946). Journalist, editor-in-chief of the news magazine HVG. He joined Hungarian Radio in 1968 and headed its economic policy section in 1974–9. He was then deputy head of Political Broadcasts until 1987, during which time he was the presenter of the influential weekly political programme A Hét on Hungarian Television in 1985–7. He joined the staff of HVG in 1988, and after a few months as deputy editor-in-chief, served as its editor-in-chief until his retirement in 2005.
[Available for research] No. 872, 2008. 360 pages, by Gábor Murányi.

Lipták G., Béla (b. 1936). Civil engineer. 1956: as a university student took part in the revolutionary movement, settled in the USA, where he founded the League of Hungarian Students.
[Available for research] No. 163, 1987. 80 pages, by Péter Pál Tóth.

Liska, Tibor (1925–1994). Economist, university professor. 1956: member of the Workers’ Council at the Ministry of Finance. 57: arrested.
[Available for research] No. 39, 1988. 380 pages, by György Petőcz.

Liszewszki, Edward (b. 1933). Polish engineer. In 1956 was student at the Technical University of Budapest, during the revolution was member of the national guard.*
[Public] No. 617, 1994. 20 pages, by János Tischler.

Litvai, Mrs Péter née Anna Dobó, and Mária Róbert (b. 1932) was an insurance clerk before emigrating to the United States in 1956. Mrs Péter Litvai (b. 1906), a pharmacist, followed her to the United States in the 1960s. They returned home in 1999.
[Researchable] No. 754, 2002. 100 pages, by Ferenc Markovits.

Litván, György (1929–2006). Teacher, historian. 1956: The first to call for Rákosi’s dismissal, at a district party meeting in the spring, and then took part in the resistance by intellectuals. 1959: Sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment. 1991-9: Director of the 1956 Institute. 1995: Appointed a university professor.
[Available for research] No. 700/a, 1984. 80 pages, by Pál Péter Tóth. No. 700/b, 1983. 140 pages, by László Varga.

Litván, József (1900–1988). Clerk. Director, Textile Factory, member of the Galilei Circle, 1958: settled in Vienna.
[Public] No. 116, 1986. 220 pages and attachment, by Péter Pál Tóth.

Litván, Katalin (b. 1949). Architect, translator. Daughter of György Litván. (which see) [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 639, 1995. 140 pages, by Gertrud Hoffmann.

Lovas, László (b. 1932). Decorator, expediter. 27 October 1956: eye-witness of the massacre at Tiszakécske Village. *
[Available for research] No. 386, 1992. 80 pages, by István Lugossy.

Lőrincz, Sándor Károly (b. 1928). Transylvanian, worker. 1957: sentenced to 25 years’ imprisonment on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution.
[Public] No. 587, 1993. 80 pages and attachment, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Lowy, Kató (b. 1947). Teacher. 1956: settled in Australia with her parents.*
[Available for research] No. 711, 1999. 40 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Lugossy, István (b. 1943). Cameraman, film director. 1960: sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment as an alleged anti-state conspirator.
[Public] No. 281, 1991. 100 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Ludassy, Mária (b. 1944), historian of philosophy, university professor. Closely connected with the hard core of the democratic opposition, she took part in several protests, which led to her professional activity being curtailed.
[Public] No. 809, 2005. 40 pages, by GÁgnes Kőműves [MM].

Lukách, Krisztina (b. 1956). Economist, teacher of Religion. Daughter of Tamás Lukách. (which see) [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 581, 1994. 60 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Lukách, Tamás (1923–2000). Mechanic, engineer. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of Ganz-Mávag Machine Works, 1957: sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 399, 1992. 120 pages, by László Abod.

Lukács, János (b. 1922). Carpenter. 1949–1982: Technical Manager, Timber Industries Co-operative of Pécs.
[Available for research] No. V.82, 1983. 60 pages, by Mrs. Farkas, née Zsuzsanna Kurucz.

Lukácsy, Sándor (1923–2001). Literary historian, editor, author. 1949–1951: worked in the Ministry of Culture, as a senior civil servant, 1953: active as a writer in the intellectual opposition. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committe of Hungarian Intellectuals.
[Public] No. 19, 1986. 260 pages and attachment, by János Rainer M.

Mácsik, Sándor (b. 1923). Teacher. 1956: member of a factory workers’ council, 57: interned in Kistarcsa then in Tököl, 1958: sentenced to 11 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 655, 1995. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Magos, Gábor See Gimes, Judit.

Magyar, József (1928–1999). Film director. 1956: deputy commander of a freedom fighters’ group.
[Public] No. 322, 1991. 100 pages, by László Eörsi.

Magyar, Mária (b. 1955). Agricultural worker. Daughter of János Magyar who was executed for having fighted in the Revolution. [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 644, 1995. 40 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Major, Ákos (1908–1987). Judge, army officer. Founder and President of the National Council of Peoples’ Court, later Judge in the Supreme Court of Justice, 1956: solicitor in some political trials.
[Available for research] No. 54, 1986–1987. 640 pages and attachmen, by Gyula Kozák.

Major, Béla (b. 1920). Technician. 1956: member of the Workers’ Council of Borsod County.
[Public] No. 224, 1990. 80 pages and atachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Major, Sándor (b. 1932). Technician. 1969–1980: party functionary, 1980-: Head of Department, Ministry of Industry.
[Available for research] No. V.113, 1983. 100 pages, by Éva Voszka.

Makovecz, Imre (b. 1935). Architect. Professor, Technical University of Budapest and Hungarian Academy of Craft and Design.
[Public] No. 132, 1987–1988. 140 pages, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Margittay, Ilona (b. 1920). Laboratory assistant. 1960–1975: life partner of József Lengyel, the writer. She talks about their life spent together.
[Public] No. 245, 1990. 160 pages, by Erzsébet Havril.

Marián, István (1924–2004). Army officer, translator. 1956: commander of a university students’ fighter group in the Revolution, 1958: sentenced to life imprisonment.
[Public] No. 143, 1986–1987. 340 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B. and Imre Mécs.

Márkus, István (1920–1997). Sociologist, lecturer. 1945–1947: editor of monthly Valóság. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Council of Hungarian Intellectuals, 1958: sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 217, 1989–1990. 600 pages, by László Kardos.

Márkus, Miklós (b. 1928). Economist, engineer. 1966–1982: deputy general director of a concrete factory, 1982-: Director, National Construction Industries Local No. 31.
[Available for research] No. V.29, 1982. 140 pages, by László Ábrány.

Marosi, Ilona (b. 1941). Economist. 1965-: held several posts in clothing trade companies, 1978-: Deputy Director then Director of a clothing trade company.
[Available for research] No. V.151, 1984. 100 pages, by Mrs. Farkas, née Zsuzsanna Kurucz.

Marton, György (b. 1930). Engineer. 1956: freedom fighter, settled in Belgium.
[Available for research] No. 584, 1994. 160 pages, by Péter Baló.

Márton, Erzsébet (1937–1997). Worker. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, sentenced to death, then to 15 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 319, 1991. 80 pages, by István Lugossy.

Márton, László (b. 1934). Journalist. 1956: worked for the newspapers Igazság and Egyetemi Ifjúság, settled in London, later lived in Paris and worked for the bimonthly Magyar Műhely, 1994: returned to Hungary.
[Public] No. 654, 1995. 100 pages, by Tibor Beck.

Mátéffy, Csaba (b. 1937). Worker. 1956: freedom fighter, member of the National Guard, later took part in the post-revolutionary political underground, sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 314, 1991. 14 sheerts, by Pál Gyenes.

Matheovits, Ferenc (1914–1995). Judge, translator. One of the leaders of the Democratic Peoples’ Party. 1949: as an alleged anti-state conspirator sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment, 1956: took part in the reorganization of his party, 1957: interned, 1964: sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 138, 1988. 280 pages, by Katalin Ferber.

Mátis, Lívia (1942–2006), librarian, editor. Publicity worker, then editor at the literary publishers Szépirodalmi Kiadó. Since 1995, she has been director of the publishing firm Kortárs Könyvkiadó.
[Public] No. 798, 12005. 40 pages, by Gabriella Gőbl [MM].

Mátyás, László (b. 1911). Party Worker, pre-1945 illegal communist. Took part in the Spanish Civil War. 1949–1954: political prisoner, 1956–1957: Head of the Political Unit of State Police, 1957-: served as ambassador.
[Available for research] No. 170, 1988. 420 pages, by István Hegedűs.

Mecséri, Ildikó, Mrs. Géza Kiss (b. 1948). Nurse. In 1988 settled in Sweden. His father, Colonel János Mecséri (1920–1958). whose unit fought against the Soviet troops on November 4, 1956 and therefore was sentenced to death and executed. [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 673, 1996. 40 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Medgyessy, Péter (b. 1942). Economist, 1966–1982: worked in several leading posts at the Ministry of Finance, 1982–1986: Deputy Minister of Finance.
[Available for research] No. V.46, 1982. 60 pages, by Katalin Koncz E.

Mekis, Dezső (b. 1928). Electrician. 1956: eye-witness of the Kossuth Lajos Square and Köztársaság Square (both in Budapest), massacres. *
[Public] No. 379, 1992. 40 pages, by István Lugossy.

Mélik, Endre (1904–1991). Journalist, pre-1945 illegal communist. Secretary of the Miklós Barta Society. 1947–1954: political prisoner. 1954-: worker.
[Public] No. 190, 1988–1989. 240 pages and attachment, by Katalin Koncz E.

Ménes, János (1905–1993). Worker, Politician. 1945: Mayor of the Town of Debrecen, 1956: Chairman, City Council of Debrecen, then Head of Department, Ministry of the Interior.
[Public] No. 43, 1987. 460 pages, by András Körösényi.

Mensáros, László (1926–1993). Actor. 1949–1950: political prisoner, 1956: Chairman of the Workers’ Council of Csokonai Theatre (Town of Debrecen), sentenced to 21 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 284, 1991. 140 pages, Lakatos, László

Mérei, Vera (1916–2007). Specialist for handicapped children. Wife of Ferenc Mérei, psychologist, who took part in the intellectuals’ underground during the 1956 Revolution and was sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 306, 1991. 800 pages, by Erzsébet Havril.

Mérei, Zsuzsa (b. 1956). Psychologist. Daughter of Ferenc Mérei. See Mérei Vera. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 593, 1994. 60 pages, by Gertrud Hoffmann.

Dr. Mérey, Mónika b. 1950), medical doctor. She and her family requested political asylum in Austria in 1986 and emigrated to Australia in 1987. She is a general practitioner in Sydney.
[Public] No. 783, 20044. 40 pages, by Ágnes Kőműves.

Mertinkó, József (b. 1937). Worker. 1956: eye-witness of mass lynching in Miskolc, sentenced to life imprisonment. Freed in 1970.
[Public] No. 272, 1989. 60 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Mervó, Zoltán (b. 1930). Engineer. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of Medical Equipment Manufacturing Co., sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 393, 1992. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Mester, Endre (b. 1927). Railwayman. 1956: one of the leaders of the Central Workers’ Council of Budapest, sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 407, 1992. 100 pages, by László Abod.

Mester, Miklós (1906–1989). Historian, Worker, clerk. 1944: Undersecretary of State in the Ministry of Religious Affairs and Education, 1951–1953: interned.
[Available for research] No. 45, 1986. 240 pages, by Tamás Varga and János Gyurgyák.

Mészáros, István (b. 1942). Agricultural engineer. 1965-: held several posts at Helvécia State Farm, 1979-: Director.
[Available for research] No. V.127, 1984. 80 pages, by Katalin Szigeti.

Mezei, Barna (b. 1918). Chemical engineer. 1953-: Chief Engineer, 1982-: General Director, Chinoin Pharmaceutical Works.
[Available for research] No. V.138, 1984. 100 pages, by Mihály Vajda.

Micsinai, Márta (b. 1955). Printer. Daughter of István Micsinai, a member of the National Guard who was executed in 1957. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 645, 1995. 40 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Mikes, Tamás (1940–1999). Worker. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, active in the post-revolutionary underground, 1962: sentenced to 31 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 313, 1991. 260 pages, by István Lugossy.

Mikics, László (b. 1942). Electric Engineer. 1974-: Head of Department then Deputy Director, BHG Electronics.
[Available for research] No. V.18, 1982. 40 pages, by Zsolt Csalog.

Mikó, István (b. 1929). Architect, economist. 1966-: Chief Engineer, 1980-: Deputy General Director, National Construction Industries.
[Available for research] No. V.32, 1982. 160 pages, by Gyula Nagy.

Missura, Tibor (b. 1915). Medical Doctor. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of the Péterfy Sándor Street Hospital, left Hungary.
[Public] No. 346, 1991. 260 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Misur, György (b. 1932). Diplomat. 1956: Press Attaché in the Hungarian Embassy in Warsaw. *
[Public] No. 569, 1993–94. 20 pages, by János Tischler.

Mitró, László (b. 1941). Agricultural engineer. 1967: held several leading posts at Tokaj Wine Distillary, 1983-: General Director.
[Available for research] No. V.92, 1983. 120 pages, by László Gábor.

M. Nagy, Gábor (1922–2001). Engineer. 1945–1948: POW in the Soviet Union, 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, 1958: sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 463, 1992. 140 pages, by László Eörsi.

Molnár, József (b. 1921). Turner, translator. 1946-: worked for the British Legation. 1956: interpreter between Pál Maléter and the British Military Attaché. 1957: arrested for 3 months.
[Available for research] No. 276, 1990. 40 pages, by Melinda Szabó.

Molnár, József (b. 1939). Miner. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 429, 1992. 300 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Molnár, Mihály (1922–2002). Lawyer, Accountant. 1956: Deputy Chairman, Workers’ Council of the Town of Békéscsaba, 1957: sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 579, 1994. 140 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Molnár, Miklós (1918–2003). Journalist, historian. Joined the daily Szabad Nép in 1948, then editor of the Writers’ Union paper until 1955. Active member of the Imre Nagy group. 1956: Politically active. 1957: Emigrated to Switzerland. Author of several books on 1956.
[Available for research] No. 731, 1999. 60 pages plus attachment, by György Litván and Adrienne Molnár.

Molnár, Mrs Miklós, née Éva Rudas (b. 1925). Interpreter, translator. Born in Moscow, daughter of Hungarian communist László Rudas. Returned to Hungary in 1945. 1957: Emigrated to Switzerland with her husband and worked for UN.
[Closed] No. 685, 1997. 100 pages, by Gyula Kozák and György Litván.

Molnár S., Edith (1934–2000). Journalist. In 1956 was student at the Faculty of Arts, Eötvös Loránd University, was member of the Students´ Revolutionary Committee and editor-in-chief of Toll. In 1957 was expelled from the university. 1964–1971: editor of MTV News, then worked for the foreign policy column of Magyar Hírlap.
[Public] ,674No. 1996. 280 pages, by Tibor Beck.

Molnár, Tibor (b. 1946). Teacher. Son of Zoltán Molnár (1920–2009). (which see) [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 625, 1995. 100 pages, by Gertrud Hoffmann.

Molnár, Zoltán (1920–2009). Writer, journalist, party worker. 1956: one of the secretaries of the Writers’ Union, 1957: sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 70, 1987. 300 pages, by János Rainer M.

Molnár, Zoltán see Varga, Domokos

Morawski, Jerzy (b. 1918). Polish Economist, journalist. 1956–1960: member of the Central Committee of the Polish Communist Party, 1957–1960: Secretary, Polish Communist Party. *
[Public] No. 473, 1991. 20 pages, by János Tischler.

Móri, Mrs. László, née Zsuzsanna Horváth (b. 1920). Nurse, Worker. 1956: looked after those wounded in the fights, 1957: sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 465, 1992. 60 pages and attachment, by Mónika Zsuzsanna Nagy.

Moss Anna, (b. 1950), photographer. She contracted a marriage of convenience in 1974 with a UK citizen so that she could leave Hungary legally. She has lived in Sydney, Australia, since 1975 and runs a garment business.
[Public] No. 785, 2004. 40 pages, by Ágnes Kőműves.

Mőcsényi, Mihály (b. 1920). Horticulturist, university professor. 1945: anti-fascist resistant, 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee, University of Horticulture, Budapest.
[Available for research] No. 583, 1993–1994. 160 pages, by Tibor Beck.

Mus, Wlodzimierz (b. 1916). Polish General. 1956: Commander, Stat Security Corps of the Polish Army, 1964–1967: Polish Military Attaché in Budapest. *
[Public] No. 471, 1991. 20 pages, by János Tischler.

Mutiu, Caius (b. 1934). Transylvanian, engineer, economist. 1956: one of the organizers and leaders of the Temesvár Youth Movement which was in connection with the Hungarian Revolution. He was sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 662, 1995. 160 pages, by Marius Cosmeanu.

Müller, Henrik (b. 1927). Architect. 1963-: Chief Engineer, then Head of Department, National Construction Industries, Local No. 31.
[Available for research] No. V.60, 1983. 100 pages, by László Ábrány.

Nádasdy, Ferenc (b. 1937). marketing manager. A descendant of the family of Nádasdy counts. After completing secondary school, he worked as a manual labourer and emigrated in 1956. He completed an economics degree in the United States before settling in Canada. He established the Nádasdy Foundation and the Nádasdy Academy in 1991. He repatriated to Hungary in 1998.
[Available for research] No. 765, 2003. 200 pages, by Ferenc Markovits.

Nádasdy Nikolits, Andrea (b. 1933), silk dyer, typewriter mechanic, bar singer and textile designer. Her father, Mihály Nikolits, became főispán (high steward) of Pécs in 1938. She left Hungary at the end of 1956 and lived in Switzerland and France, but moved to the United States in 1961, where she worked in textiles, and then to Canada in 1982. After the change of system, she and her husband set up the Nádasdy Foundation and Nádasdy Academy. She repatriated in 1996. Her published volume of autobiography is entitled It Was Easy for You.
[Researchable] No. 795, 2005. 340 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Nádházi, János (b. 1921). Tailor. 1956: Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee, Town of Gyula 1958: sentenced to 2 years and 8 months’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 656, 1995. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Nagy, Balázs (b. 1927). Politician. 1956: one of the secretaries of the Petofi Circle, left Hungary, 1959: one of the founders, Imre Nagy Institute of Brussels.
[Available for research] No. 175, 1988. 340 pages and attachment, by István Hegedűs.

Nagy, Elek (1926–1994). Turner, army officer, translator. 1956: Chairman, Central Workers’ Council of Csepel (an industrial district of Budapest), sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 22, 1986. 640 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B.

Nagy, Ferenc (b. 1924). Worker, craftsman. 1954–1955: political prisoner, 1956: Chairman, National Committee of Levél Village, 1967 : settled in the USA.
[Public] No. 509, 1992. 60 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Nagy, Ferenc (b. 1929). Shoemaker. 1956: Commander, National Guard, Town of Debrecen, 1957: sentenced to 1 year’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 496, 1993. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Nagy, Géza (b. 1921). Sculptor, puppeteer. 1944: took part in the anti-fascist underground, 1945–1947: POW in the Soviet Union.
[Public] No. 357, 1991. 140 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Nagy, Gyula (b. 1920). Agronomist, university professor. Senior Civil Servant in the Ministry of Agriculture and in the National Planning Bureau. 1976-: University Professor, University of Agriculture, Gödöllő.
[Available for research] No. 11, 1986. 240 pages, by Ágnes Czakó.

Nagy, József (b. 1917). Economist. Bank Clerk, party worker, member of the CC of the CP, 1980-: MP.
[Available for research] No. V.110, 1983. 100 pages, by Mrs. Farkas, née Zsuzsanna Kurucz.

Nagy, László (b. 1921). Journalist, lawyer, political scientist. 1945–1947: Press Chief of the Smallholders’ Party, 1947: settled in Switzerland.
[Available for research] No. 129, 1987. 100 pages, by Csaba Nagy.

Nagy, László (b. 1924). Transylvanian, engineer. 1956: as a university student sentenced to 1 year’ imprisonment on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution.
[Public] No. 659, 1995. 100 pages, by Zoltán Elekes.

Nagy, Mihály (b. 1936). Chemical technician. 1956: member of the National Guard, then active in the post-revolutionary underground, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 495, 1993. 60 pages, by László Eörsi.

Nagy, P. József (b. 1925). Bricklayer. 1956: Commander, National Guard of Kokad Village, 1957: sentenced to 11 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 367, 1991. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Nagy, Pál Jenő (b. 1911). Worker, technician, translator. 1935-: member of the Social Democratic Party, 1950–1955: political prisoner.
[Public] No. 367, 1991. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Nagy, Tamás (1914–1993). Economist, university professor. One of the founders of the Budapest University of Economic Sciences. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Council of Hungarian Intellectuals.
[Available for research] No. 26, 1986. 340 pages, by Éva Voszka.

Nagy, Tibor (1930). Party employee and prison-service commander. He joined the communist party in 1946 and then worked in the youth organization DISZ until 1956, its successor KISZ until 1962, and then the apparatus of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party Central Committee. He was national commander of the prison service (BVOP) from 1979 to 1988.
[Public] No. 26, 1986. 340 pages, by Ferenc Tari.

Nagyidai, József (b. 1937). Worker. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, left Hungary.
[Public] No. 274, 1989. 100 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Najmányi, László (b. 1946). He graduated in hydrology from Budapest Technical University in 1972 but had started work as a set designer in 1971, and went on to head the experimental István Kovács Studio in 1974-6. In 1975, he directed the film The Emperor's Message for the Béla Balázs Studio. In 1975-6 he gave lectures on cinema theory at the Ganz-Mávag Arts Centre. In 1977 he was a founder of the Spions band. He left the country in 1979 and lived in Paris, Toronto, and from 1985 New York, mainly by casual work. He repatriated in 2002 and is active as a writer.
[Closed] No. 844, 2006–7. 160 pages, by István Lugossy.

Naszályi, Gábor (1941–2000). Printer, publisher. 1956: as a secondary school student, one of the leaders of the revolutionary committee in his school, sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 400, 1992. 100 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Neitzer, József (b. 1935). Agricultural engineer. Held several posts in agricultural co-operatives, 1967-: Chief Agronomist, Director, Agricultural Co-operative, Szentlászló Village.
[Available for research] No. V.108, 1983. 160 pages, by Ágnes Boreczky.

Neményi, István (b. 1910). Economist. 1928-: bank clerk, civil servant, then director and general director in several banks. 1970-: Director, Library of the Budapest University of Economic Sciences.
[Available for research] No. V.86, 1983. 100 pages, by Katalin Mérő.

Nemes, Klára (b. 1925). Shoemaker. 1956: settled in Australia.*
[Closed] No. 718, 1999. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Nemes, Lívia (1919–2006). Psychoanalyst, specialist writer. Having graduated in psychology, philosophy and sociology at the Loránd Eötvös University of Sciences in Budapest, she joined the staff of the Institute of Education Studies, and after her dismissal from there, became an unskilled textile worker. In 1956 she became an official in the Ministry of Education, and then in 1958 a secondary school teacher. She was sentenced to five years’ imprisonment in the Mérei Trial in 1959. Released in 1961, she worked first at the Lung Sanatorium in Budakeszi, then from 1967 at the Child Psychology Institute. She has been in private practice since 1968. She has been president of the Hungarian Psychiatric Society since 1975.
[Public] No. 768, 2003. 80 pages, by Júlia Lévai.

Nemeskéri, Iván (b. 1932). Mechanical engineer and electrical. 1958–1982: held several leading posts at the HIKI Telecommunication Research Institute, 1982-: General Director, Microelectronics Works.
[Available for research] No. V.131, 1983. 160 pages, by László Gábor.

Nemeslaki, Nándor (b. 1931). Mechanical engineer. 1981-: Director, Gábor Áron Machine- and Ironworks.
[Available for research] No. V.38, 1982. 140 pages, by Ilona Nagy.

Németh, Antal Károly (b. 1921). Transactor. Took part in the Spanish Civil War and in the anti-fascist resistance. 1949–1952: political prisoner, 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution.
[Available for research] No. 415, 1992. 780 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Németh, Mrs. Antal, née Károly Magda Csuhai (1928). Clerk, economist. 1946–1952: Secretary of Imre Nagy.
[Public] No. 430, 1992. 320 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Németh, László (b. 1927). Teacher. 1956: photo-documented events of the Hungarian Revolution and sent these photographs abroad, 1959: sentenced to 21 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 374, 1991–1992. 220 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Németh, Zoltán (b. 1914). Transylvanian, solicitor, legal adviser. 1956: took part in an anti-state conspiracy in connection with the Hungarian Revolution, 1957: sentenced to 20 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 629, 1995. 60 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Németi, Irén (b. 1919), journalist. She became active in the Social Democratic Party in 1937, and was deported to Auschwitz in June 1944. In 1945, she became a department head of the Debrecen organization of the Hungarian Communist Party, and in 1952 head of the Agitation and Propaganda Department of Kecskemét Town Party Committee. She went to work at the Budapest party centre in 1955. In 1957, she was appointed deputy editor-in-chief of the women’s weekly magazine Nők Lapja, of which she served as editor-in-chief from the spring of 1959 to 1986.
[researchable] No. 793, 2004–5. 300 pages, by Ferenc Markovits.

Nezvál, Ferenc (1909–1987). Politician, pre-1945 illegal communist, party functionary. 1956: Minister in the 2nd Imre Nagy Government. 1957–1967: Minister of Justice, 1956–1970: member of the CC of the CP.
[Available for research] No. 72, 1987. 240 pages and attachment, by Katalin Mérő.

Niedzielski, Edward (b. 1937). Polish electrical engineer. 1956: student of the Technical University of Budapest, member of the National Guard, active in the Polish humanitarian program for Hungary. *
[Public] No. 624, 1994. 40 pages, by János Tischler.

Novák, István (b. 1952). Technical instructor. He worked in several engineering works as a skilled worker and later as an instructor. At present he is a machine-tool calibrator. He also worked in the 1960s as a waiter at the Csili Restaurant in the Pesterzsébet Vasas House of Culture. As a young man, he was a certified soccer player with the ESMTK team.
[Public] No. 875, 2008. 60 pages, by Gergő Havadi
.

Novics, János (1919–1984). Agricultural technician, party worker. 1974-: First Secretary, CP of Baranya County.
[Available for research] No. V.123, 1984. 120 pages, by Mrs. Farkas, née Zsuzsanna Kurucz.

N. Sándor, László (b. 1932). Journalist. 1956: worked for newspaper Észak-Magyarország, Town of Miskolc. 23. October 1956: intervened at a university gathering, Town of Miskolc. 1956–1963: he was forbidden to publish.1963–1968: worked for the monthly Köznevelés, then for the newspaper Magyar Hírlap.
[Public] No. 666, 1995. 120 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Nyerges, András (b. 1940). Writer, poet, editor. Worked for several newspapers, weeklies and monthlies.
[Available for research] No. 157, 1988. 260 pages and attachment, by Gábor Murányi.

Nyitrai, Mózes (b. 1913). Transylvanian, Unitarian Pastor. 1958: sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment in a show trial.
[Public] No. 650, 1995. 120 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Obersovszky, Gyula (1927-2001). Journalist, poet, editor. 1956: Editor of the newspapers Igazság and the underground newspaper Élünk, sentenced to death, then to life imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 96, 1986–1987. 600 pages and attachment, by Gábor Havas.

Oblath, György (b. 1918). Economist. General director and director of several foreign trade firms, senior civil servant in the Ministry of Foreign Trade.
[Available for research] No. V.75, 1983. 120 pages, by Gábor Csizmadia.

Oczel, János (b. 1911). Worker, pre-1945 illegal communist, Party Functionary, Member of the CC of the CP. 1945–1949: MP.
[Available for research] No. 219, 1989. 400 pages, by Márton Kozák.

Oiszter, Antal (b. 1920). Electrical technician. 1956: Member of the József Dudás group. Settled in Australia.*
[Available for research] No. 719, 1999. 40 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Oláh, Mrs. Gábor (b. 1940). Chemical engineer, economist. Held several posts at various factories and institutes, 1980-: Director, Biotechnika Inc.
[Available for research ] No. 1155.1, 1984. 100 pages, by András Hegedűs B.

[Open] No. 1155.2, 2008. 100 pages, Vera Pécsi

Oláh, Mátyás (b. 1951). After completing secondary school, he taught himself to paint and then became in the 1970s an editor of the samizdat publication Családunk (Our Family), which brought frequent harassment by the police. In 1971 his father (the physician and nature healer Dr Andor Oláh) and his family were charged with conspiracy against the state and then ordered by the court to be kept under psychological observation and given treatment. Mátyás Oláh moved to Szentendre in 1980 and joined the Lajos Vajda Studio. He and his family emigrated to France in 1983, where he settled in Paris and lived on casual work. He returned to Hungary in 1993.
[Open] No. 827, 2006. 180 pages, by István Lugossy.

Oláh, Vilmos (b. 1927). Medical doctor. 1956: Deputy Chairman, Workers’ Council at the Péterfy Sándor Street Hospital.
[Available for research] No. 329, 1991. 300 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Oloffson, Károly Placid (b. 1916). Benedictine monk and teacher. He taught in Budapest after the war but was arrested in 1946 and sentenced to ten years as a prisoner of war by a Soviet military court. He returned home at the end of 1955 and then worked at a sawmill and in the laundries of Budapest hospitals.
[Public] No. 755, 2002. 80 pages, by István Lugossy

Ondrasek, Iván (b. 1932). Army officer. 26 October 1956: eye-witness to the massacre in the Town of Miskolc. *
[Public] No. 438, 1992. 40 pages, by Mrs. István Páczelt.

Orbán, György (b. 1950). Lawyer and bookseller. His father, the army officer Nándor Orbán (1910-1981), became a labourer after 1948 and commanded the Nagykanizsa National Guard during the '56 Revolution. For this he was sentenced in 1958 to ten  years' imprisonment. On his release in 1963, he worked as a sports trainer and then a vineyard worker. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 693, 1997. 200 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Orbán, Péter (b. 1937). Transylvanian, zoo technician. 1957: sentenced to 25 years’ imprisonment as an alleged anti-state conspirator.
[Available for research] No. 635, 1994. 80 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Ormai, Péter (b. 1935). Milling machine operator. He defected to Austria in 1956 and then emigrated to Australia in 1957. He lives in Sydney as a retired taxi driver.
[Public] No. 792, 2004. 40 pages, by , Ágnes Kőműves.

Oross, Imre (b. 1940). Having taken part in meetings of the Petőfi Circle in 1956, he was excluded from secondary education after the Revolution and began working as a book agent. He became a production assistant at Hungarian Television in the 1960s and later directed his own documentaries. He left the country in 1970, was given asylum in the United States, and settled in Los Angeles, where he became a Hollywood scriptwriter. He returned to Hungary in 1999.
[Available for research] No. 877, 2008. 240 pages, by , István Lugossy.

Orosz, István (1921–1998). Mechanic, technician. 1939–1948: active in the Social Democratic Party.
[Public] No. 457, 1992. 140 pages, by Tibor Beck.

Ország, György (b. 1939). Foreman. 1956: member of the National Guard. 1957: sentenced to 5 months’ suspended imprisoment.
[Available for research] No. 535, 1994. 340 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

O. Szabó, Zsigmond (1920–2003). Farmer. 1956: took part in the events of the Revolution as a Smallholders’ politician, 1957: sentenced to 11 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 566, 1994. 100 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Oszkó, Gyula (1912–1996). Railway officer, pre-1945 illegal communist. Took part in the anti-fascist resistance. 1949–1954: political prisoner, 1954-: worked in the Ministry of the Interior, 1956: head of the revolutionary committee, 1957-: director in several factories.
[Available for research] No. 196, 1989. 340 pages, by Gábor Rejtő.

Oszwald, László (b. 1929). Agricultural engineer. 1960-: Chief Agronomist then General Director, State Farm of Agárd.
[Available for research] No. V.132, 1984. 100 pages, by László Gábor.

Ott, József (b. 1919). Policeman. 1956: Prevented the police from firing on a crowd in Kecskemét on October 26. 1957: Dismissed and sentenced to two-and-a-half years’ imprisonment. Released in 1959, then factory worker.
[Public] No. 735, 2000. 60 pages, by István Orgoványi.

Örkény, Antal (b. 1954), sociologist. A member of the democratic opposition, he has worked for the Sociological Institute of Loránd Eötvös University, Budapest, since 1978.
[Researchable] No. 806, 2005. 40 pages, by Anna Balogi [MM].

Örsi, Tóth László (1932–1994). Teacher. 1956: Editor of the newspaper Független Újság, Town of Békéscsaba. 1957: interned in Kistarcsa, then in Tököl.
[Public] No. 432, 1992. 460 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Ötvös, Alajos (b. 1915). Worker, army officer, Agent. 1956: worked at the Hungarian Legation in Vienna, sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment, 1963-: clerk.
[Available for research] No. 240, 1990. 180 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B.

Pacuraru, Gheorghe (b. 1935). Veterinarian in Romania. 1956: one of the organizers of a demonstration in Timisoura (Temesvár, Romania), sentenced to 2 years’ imprisonment, then confined to Latesti.
[Available for research] No. 601, 1994. 100 pages, by Marius Cosmeanu.

Padányi, Mihály (b. 1916). Engineer. Active partisan in the autumn of 1944, then an engineer and later a Construction Ministry official. After 1956, a construction enterprise manager.
[Public] No. 687, 1997. 60 pages, by Mrs Miklós Vásárhelyi.

Pajcsics, József (b. 1945). Lawyer, economist, police officer. 1989: head of the group searching for Imre Nagy’s secret burial site. *
[Available for research] No. 261, 1991. 160 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B.

Pajzs, Zsuzsanna (b. 1931). Medical doctor. 1956: worked at the Péterfy Sándor Street Hospital during the Revolution. Eye-witness of the revolutionary events, took part in the woman’s demonstration on 4 December.
[Public] No. 512, 1993. 80 pages, by László Eörsi.

Pákh, Tibor (b. 1924). Lawyer. 1945–8: Soviet prisoner of war. 1956: Injured in the firing in Kossuth tér, outside Parliament, on October 25. 1957: Spoke out publicly against Soviet occupation. 1961: sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment. Continued his opposition political activities after his release in 1971. Denied employment.
[Public] No. 690, 1997–1998. 200 pages and attachment, by Eszter Balázs.

Páles, Gyula (b. 1923). Lawyer. 1949–1963: senior civil servant, Ministry of Finance, 1969–1983: Vice-President, National Bank of Hungary.
[Available for research] No. V.134, 1984. 200 pages, by István Hegedűs.

Pálffy, István (b. 1933). Systems analyst. Prevented from completing secondary schooling by his class background, he avoided deportation in the summer of 1951 by taking a job in Kazincbarcika as a surveyor's assistant. He later worked on railway construction in Sajószöged. Meanwhile his mother, Julianna Apponyi, was arrested at Christmas 1951, interned, and early in 1953 deported under strict supervision. Pálffy was drafted into the army in the autumn of 1953, arrested at the end of 1955 and held at convict camps in Várpalota and Herend. He was moved to Pécs Prison in the autumn of 1956, but released by Baranya County Revolutionary Workers' Council on November 2. He and his mother left the country at the end of November for England, where he graduated from Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He began working in 1963 as a market researcher, then as a consultant systems analyst. He started his own firm in 1975 and worked in several countries, among his clients being the European Commission. He first revisited Hungary in August 1989 and repatriated permanently in 2000.
[Public] No. 880, 2008-9. 540 pages + supplement, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Palkovits, Rezso (b. 1925). Worker, economist. 1952-: held several leading posts at the National Bank of Hungary, 1980-: Vice-President.
[Available for research] No. V.143, 1984. 140 pages, by György Petocz.

Páll, László (b. 1939). Transylvanian, building technician. 1956: sympathized with the Hungarian Revolution, took part in an anti-state conspiracy, 1961: sentenced to 15 years’ penal servitude.
[Public] No. 588, 1993. 40 pages and attachment, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Pálóczi, Lajos (b. 1937). Turner. 1956: Removed Soviet symbols in Cegléd. 1957: settled in Australia.*
[Available for research] No. 712, 1999. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Pap, Endre (1896–1992). Agronomist, plant breeder. 1950–1956: worked for the Agricultural Research Centre, 1956: settled in the UK.
[Available for research] No. 1, 1985. 120 pages, by András Hegedűs B.

Pap, János (1925–1994). Politician, party worker. 1961–1963: Interior Minister then Deputy Prime Minister.
[Available for research] No. 106, 1987. 280 pages and attachment, by Márton Kozák.

Papp, Géza (b. 1919). Transylvanian, army officer, accountant, electrician. He talks about the atmosphere in the Romanian Army, 1957: sentenced to 7 years’ imprisonment in a show trial. *
[Public] No. 445, 1991. 20 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Papp, István (b. 1920). Civil engineer. 1946–1957: senior civil servant, 1957-: General Director, Planning Institute for Electrical Power Plants.
[Available for research] No. V.130, 1984. 120 pages, by László Gábor.

Papp, László (b. 1922). Teacher, painter. 1956: member of the National Committee, Town of Miskolc, 1957: spent 8 months in prison.
[Public] No. 302, 1991. 180 pages and attachment, by Mrs. István Páczelt.

Papp, Miklós (b. 1932). Technician. 1956: member of the Workers’ Council of Borsod County, sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 317, 1991. 240 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Parádi, Gyula (b. 1939). Mechanic. 27 October 1956: eye-witness of the massacre at Tiszakécske Village. *
[Available for research] No. 385, 1992. 60 pages, by István Lugossy.

Pártay, Tivadar (1908–1999). Journalist. One of the leaders of the Smallholders’ Party. 1949–1953: interned in the Recsk Labour Camp, 1956: one of the reorganizers of the Smallholders’ Party. 1957–1958: spent 14 months in prison.
[Available for research] No. 85, 1986, 1994. 620 pages and attachment, by István Hegedűs and Sándor Révész.

Pecséri, Ede (b. 1921). Mechanical engineer. 1940–1954: worker, 1960-: Chief Engineer then General Director, SZIM Machine Works and Lampart Enamel Works.
[Available for research] No. V.69, 1983. 160 pages, by Éva Bakonyi.

Pécsi, János (b. 1922). Politician, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1945-: one of the leaders of the communist youth movement, senior civil servant, bank manager. 1956: discharged in the Revolution.
[Available for research] No. 9, 1985. 100 pages, by Vera Pécsi.

Pekó, Erzsébet (b. 1948). Farm-hand, spinner. Daughter of István Pekó who was executed in 1957 on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 606, 1995. 80 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Penziás, Tibor (b. 1940). Mechanical engineer. 1965-: held several posts at Taurus Hungarian Rubber Works, 1980-: Director of Foreign Trade.
[Available for research] No. V.95, 1983. 200 pages, by Miklós Polgár.

Perbíró, József (1908–1991). Lawyer. 1956: Deputy Dean, University of Szeged, Chairman, Revolutionary Committee of Szeged, 1958: sentenced to life imprisonment.
[Public] No. 208, 1989. 100 pages and attachment, by László Beck.

Perczel, Károly (1913–1992). Architect. Member of the anti-fascist resistance in France, 1949–1954: political prisoner in Hungary.
[Public] No. 44, 1986–1987. 380 pages and attachment, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Perédi, Károly (1913–1995). Mechanical engineer, economist. 1936–1952: held several leading posts at the Weiss Manfred (later Mátyás Rákosi), Iron and Steel Works, 1954–1958: Director, National Patent Office.
[Public] No. 289, 1991. 260 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Pestessy, József (b. 1933). Medical doctor. 1956: worked as a physician during the Revolution.
[Available for research] No. 513, 1993. 100 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Péter, László (b. 1929). Historian, archivist, university professor. 1956: one of the leaders of the Revolutionary Students’ Committee of Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, settled in the UK.
[Closed] No. 179, 1988. 100 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B.

Péterfi, Miklós (1930–1983). Worker, architect. 1956: member of the Workers’ Council of Újpest (a district of Budapest), sentenced to death, then to life imprisonment.
[Public] No. 181, 1982. 240 pages, by Gyula Kozák. and Imre Mécs.

Pethő, István (b. 1929). Architect. 1953-: held several leading posts at different construction companies, 1980-: Chief Engineer.
[Available for research] No. V.17, 1982. 180 pages, by Gyula Nagy.

Pethő, László (b. 1948), competitive sportsman. He defected to Austria in 1981, from where he emigrated to Australia. He lives in Sydney and runs a riding school.
[Public] No. 789, 2004. 20 pages, by , Ágnes Kőműves.

Pethő, Tibor (1918–1996). Journalist. Worked for and edited several newspapers, 1967–1971 and 1975–1980: MP.
[Public] No. 189, 1989. 840 pages and attachment, by Gábor Murányi.

Petrák, György (b. 1936). Skilled labourer. In 1956, like his elder brothers, fought in a freedom fighters´ group in Ráday street.
[Public] No. 667, 1995. 20 pages, by László Eörsi.

Petrák, József (1931–2004). Worker, warden. In 1956, fought in a freedom fighters´ group headed by his brother in Ráday street and joined the Revolutionary Youth Association.
[Public] No. 665, 1995. 100 pages, by László Eörsi.

Petrusz, Tibor (b. 1924). Army officer and works economist. He entered the Ludovika Academy in 1942 and was commissioned as a lieutenant in 1944, earlier than usual because of the war. He was taken prisoner of war by the British and was allowed home in 1946. However, he was dismissed from the army, based on the "B" list. He entered the University of Economics and continued his studies in 1948 at the Péter Pázmány University. Meanwhile he worked as a barman, obtaining a catering certificate in 1948. He was arrested in December 1949 and sentenced to life imprisonment for treachery. He was a convict at the Csolnok forced-labour camp, and was released from Vác Prison on October 27, 1956. In 1967, he graduated from the College of Catering, and worked as a unit head and restaurant manager. In the autumn of 1990, he was elected to the Kispest local government assembly. He has received several state awards and was made a freeman of Kispest in 2002.
[Public] No. 859, 2007. 560 pages, by Ágota Varga.

Pióro, Tadeusz (b. 1921). Polish army officer. 1956: worked for the Headquarters of Warsaw Pact in Moscow. He was present when the Hungarian delegate handed over Hungary’s declaration of leaving the Warsaw Pact. *
[Public] No. 570, 1994. 20 pages, by János Tischler.

Piukovics, Sándor (1925–2000). Chemist, economist, party functionary. 1956: party worker, 1957-: Head of Department, Chinoin Pharmaceutical Works.
[Available for research] No. V.50, 1982–1983. 140 pages, by Mihály Vajda.

Planer, Emanuel (b. 1915). Polish journalist. 1954–1956: Editor-in-Chief, Polish Radio, dismissed for having sympathized with the Hungarian Revolution.
[Public] No. 572, 1993. 40 pages, by János Tischler.

Pokker, László (b. 1920). Bricklayer, building technician. 1957–1976: founder and Chairman, Construction Co-operative of Fertod.
[Available for research] No. V.23, 1982. 80 pages, by István Hegedűs.

Pokol, Zoltán (b. 1920). Railwayman. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of Záhony Railway Station, 1957: interned then sentenced to 7 months’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 398, 1992. 100 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Polgár, Dénes (1912–2009). Foreign-policy journalist. Having been in the labour service in World War II, he went into hiding in Budapest in mid-October 1944, but he was caught at the end of November and narrowly escaped being shot and thrown in the Danube. In 1945, he returned to his home city of Győr, where he and another founded a Social Democratic paper, the Győri Munkás. He moved in 1947 to Budapest and the popular daily Világosság, where he was appointed head of the foreign desk in 1949. He held the same position at the evening paper Esti Budapest in 1952-4 and at the communist party daily Szabad Nép from early 1955 to the end of October 1956. He was in Warsaw during the Hungarian Revolution, but became president of the Journalists' Union for a few days in November. In December 1956, he was a founder and deputy editor in chief of the evening paper Esti Hírlap. He served as Cairo correspondent of the Hungarian News Agency MTI in 1958-9, then as senior Washington correspondent in 1960-64, and Bonn correspondent in 1966-70. In 1971, he was appointed editor in chief of the weekly Hungarian Television current affairs programme A hét. He then became MTI correspondent in Brussels from 1977 until his retirement in 1981.
[Available for research] No. 831, 2006. 140 pages, by János Molnár.

Polinszky, Károly (b. 1922). Chemist, university professor. 1963–1966: Deputy Minister, 1974–1980: Minister of Education.
[Public] No. 243, 1990. 240 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Porgányi, Gyula (b. 1940). Agricultural engineer. 1978-: Deputy Director of the Szilasmenti Agricultural Co-operative.
[Available for research] No. V.98, 1983. 120 pages, by István Hegedűs.

Poruben, Mrs. Ádám (b. 1937). Typist. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, sentenced to 11 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 389, 1992. 80 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Pozsár, István (b. 1931). Economist. 1956: Head of the Revolutionary Students’ Committee of Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 144, 1988. 220 pages, by András Hegedűs B.

Pozsár, Sándor (b. 1920). Economist. 1955-: Financial Manager then Deputy Director, Alba Regia Construction Works of Fejér County.
[Available for research] No. V.19, 1982. 140 pages, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Prágay, Dezső (b. 1921). Chemist. 1956: one of the leaders of the Petofi Circle, organized the treatment of the wounded during the Revolution, left Hungary.
[Public] No. 353, 1991. 120 pages and attachment, by Róbert Bohó.

Preisich, Gábor (1909–1998). Architect, town planner, university professor. 1951–1975: Head of the Planning Office of the City of Budapest.
[Public] No. 36, 1986–1987. 140 pages and attachment, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Prugberger, Tamás (b. 1939). Lawyer. he worked as an agricultural cooperative legal adviser in 1962-7. In 1974, he became an assistant lecturer in the Faculty of State and Legal Studies at Pécs University. In 1977 to 1990, he was a senior researcher at the Trade Union Research Institute. He started to teach in the Faculty of State and Legal Studies of Miskolc University in 1988 and was appointed a professor there in 1991. Since 1995, he has taught also in the law department of Lajos Kossuth University. [MM].
[Public] No. 835, 2006. 120 pages, by Balázs Apor.

Pruha, József (b. 1930). Parachutist. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution. 1960: sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 395, 1992. 140 pages, by László Eörsi.

Puchert, János (b. 1934). Mechanic. 1956: as a soldier took part in a battle against the Soviet Army, 1958: sentenced to death, then life imprisonment. Freed in 1970.
[Public] No. 615, 1994–1995. 320 pages and attachment, by Attila Szakolczai.

Pulai, Miklós (b. 1925). Economist, party worker. 1956–1957: Deputy Minister of Finance, one of the leaders of the Revolutionary Committee. 57: dismissed. [Fragment.]
[Available for research] No. V.140, 1984. 100 pages, by Éva Voszka.

Pullay, Béla (b. 1919). Site manager. 1956: Chaired the workers’ council at Kecskemét Cannery and joined town revolutionary committee. Arrested in 1957, sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment in 1958.
[Public] No. 701, 1998. 160 pages and attachment, by István Orgoványi.

Pungor, Ernő (b. 1923). Chemist, university professor. 1962–1972: Deputy Rector, Veszprém University of Chemical engineering. 1972–1980: Dean, Technical University of Budapest, 1990–1994: Chairman, National Committee for Technical Development.
[Public] No. 453, 1991–1992. 140 pages and attachment, by Gábor Garai.

Puskás, Attila (b. 1931). Transylvanian, teacher, clerk. 1959–1964: political prisoner, 1989-: one of the leaders of RMDSZ (Democratic Organization of Hungarians in Romania).
[Public] No. 503, 1993. 60 pages and attachment, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Rabi, Béla (b. 1929). Economist, university professor. 1949–1953: student in the Soviet Union, later in Hungary held several leading posts at various companies and institutes, 1975-: Deputy Minister, Ministry of Metallurgy and Ministry of Industry.
[Available for research] No. V.142, 1984. 100 pages, by Gábor Csizmadia.

Rácz, Erzsébet, Mrs. Pál Molnár (b. 1914). Teacher of russian language. November 1956-March 1957: interpreter, worked for a Soviet Military Unit in Budapest.
[Public] No. 614, 1995. 180 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Rácz, György (1907–1989). Architect. Member of the Hungarian section of CIAM (Congres Internationaux d’Architecture Moderne).
[Public] No. 135, 1988. 180 pages and attachment, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Rácz, József Sándor (b. 1934). Locksmith. 1956: head of the Revolutionary Students’ Committee at the Medical University, feedom fighter, sentenced to life imprisonment.
[Public] No. 405, 1992. 360 pages, by Erika Ferenczy.

Rácz, László (b. 1922). Lawyer. Held several posts at several state offices and ministries.
[Available for research] No. V.135, 1984. 80 pages, by Galina Lamberger.

Radnóti, Sándor (b. 1946). aesthete. He joined the publisher Magvető in 1969, moving as an editor to Gondolat in 1973. He worked as a freelance in 1980-90, becoming co-editor of the literary periodical Holmi in 1989. He became a reader in the Aesthetics Department of Budapest Loránd Eötvös University and then a full professor in 1993. [MM].
[Public] No. 866, 2005–7. 80 pages, by Ágnes Hadházy.

Radó, György (1918–1998). Medical Doctor, pre-1945 illegal communist. Member of the inner-party opposition around Imre Nagy, 1956: Director of the Central Hospital of the Army, sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 76, 1987. 180 pages and attachment, by László Varga.

Rados, Jenő (1895–1992). Architect, architectural historian, university professor. 1945–1967: Head of Department, Technical University of Budapest.
[Public] No. 58, 1987. 80 pages, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Rahman, Mudzsibur A. (b. 1922). Indian diplomat. 1956–1959: Chargé d’Affaires stationed in Hungary. *
[Public] No. 409, 1992. 40 pages, by Ágnes Boreczky.

Rajk, Júlia (1914–1981). (Mrs. László Rajk) Librarian, pre-1945 illegal communist. Wife of László Rajk who was executed as an alleged anti-state conspirator, 1949-: political prisoner on account of her husband’s alleged political activities, 1954-: member of the inner-party opposition around Imre Nagy, 1956–1958: interned in Romania with the Imre Nagy Group.
[Public] No. 142, 1980. 140 pages and attachment, by László Rajk and László Bokor.

Rajna, Tibor (b. 1940). Hairstylist. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 324, 1990. 200 pages, by László Eörsi.

Rakowski, F. Mieczyslav (b. 1926). Polish journalist. 1957: made interviews with some Hungarian leading politicians, including János Kádár, head of the CP, Prime Minister. *
[Public] No. 573, 1991. 40 pages, by János Tischler.

Rátai, Gábor (b. 1941). Interpreter. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, left Hungary.
[Public] No. 360, 1991. 80 pages, by László Eörsi.

Ravasz, Győző (b. 1925). Transylvanian, accountant. 1957: sentenced to 15 years’ forced labour on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution.
[Public] No. 533, 1993. 40 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Rédey, Pál (b. 1923). Lutheran pastor, journalist.
[Available for research] No. 28, 1986. 440 pages, by Sándor M. Kiss.

Redő, Éva, Mrs. László Gáspár (1907–2000). Civil engineer, pre-1945 illegal communist, economist. Refugee in Austria and in the Soviet Union, 1946: returned to Hungary, then Director, Textile Factory of Budakalász, later civil servant and researcher.
[Public] No. 8, 1985–1986. 420 pages and attachment, by Éva Bakonyi.

Regéczy-Nagy, László (b. 1925). Army officer, translator. 1956: took part in the post-revolutionary political resistance with István Bibó and Árpád Göncz, 1958: sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 187.1, 1988. 140 pages, by András Körösényi.

[Closed] No. 187.2, 2008. 100 pages, Mária Tóth.

Regéczy-Nagy, Márta (b. 1957). Specialist for handicapped children. Daughter of László Regéczy-Nagy. (which see) [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 610, 1995. 80 pages, by Gertrud Hoffmann.

Reismann, Mariann (1911–1991). Photographer. One of the founders of the Photographers’ Union.
[Available for research] No. 182, 1986–1987. 200 pages, by Kincses Károly.

Rentoul, Ferenc (b. 1915). Lawyer, journalist. 1938: settled in the UK, 1941-: worked for the BBC, 1949–1975: Head of the Hungarian Section of the BBC. His interviews with Hungarian refugees made in Austria in November 1956 where sent to the ONU to help the investigation of the Special Committee on Hungary.
[Available for research] No. 151, 1988. 220 pages, by András Hegedűs B.

Retmaniak, Anna (b. 1938). Polish radio journalist. She travelled to Budapest in October 1956 with the first consignment of aid from the Polish Red Cross. Her series of reports on the revolution were broadcast on Polish Radio.
[Public] No. 620, 1994. 40 pages, by János Tischler.

Révész, András (1909–1996). Lawyer, clerk, social democratic politician. 1950–1955: political prisoner, 1956: one of the reorganizers of his party, later its Deputy General Secretary.
[Available for research] No. 5, 1986. 940 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B. and András Kovács.

Reviczky, István (b. 1923). Accountant. 1950-: clerk, financial manager, 1965-: Head, Financial Department of National Branch-Industries.
[Available for research] No. V.51, 1983. 100 pages, by Gábor Csizmadia.

Rimán, János (1920–1997). Worker. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council, sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 267, 1991. 160 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Rimán, Sarolta (b. 1952). Trader. Daughter of János Rimán. (which see) [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 647, 1995. 80 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Ritecz, József (b. 1933). Prison governor. Volunteer in the Korean War. 1956: Headed the Práter utca group of revolutionaries. Emigrated to Switzerland.
[Public] No. 739, 2000. 40 pages, by László Eörsi.

Róbert, László (b. 1926). Journalist. Active in the Social Democratic Youth Movement, 1950-: worked for the Hungarian Radio. 23-26 October 1956: stayed in the main building of the Hungarian Radio, and took part in its defence.
[Available for research] No. 98, 1987. 620 pages and attachment, by Gábor Murányi.

Róbert, Mária see Litvai, Mrs Péter

Rokonál, Miklós (b. 1929). Army officer. 1956: Military adviser to the Budakalász national guard. Dismissed after the revolution for not signing a new oath of allegiance.
[Available for research] No. 695, 1998. 60 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Román, József (b. 1913). Joiner, writer, librarian. 1940s: took part in the anti-fascist resistance in France.
[Public] No. 118, 1987–1988. 120 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B.

Rónai, András (1906–1991). Geologist, university professor. 1928–1945: worked at the Institute of Political Science, 1940-: Director, 1950–1986: Head of Department, Institute of Geology.
[Public] No. 53, 1987. 1020 pages, by Júlia Balogh.

Rónai, Tamás (b. 1937). Technical inspector. He obtained a trade certificate as a construction-industry technician in 1956 in Debrecen, while also learning the electrician's trade. He went to work for the Agrober Enterprise, where he was also secretary of the Communist Youth League for a time. He took part in the Debrecen jazz scene in the 1950s and 1960s. At the end of the 1950s he began to work as a lighting engineer at the Csokonai Theatre in Debrecen.
[Public] No. 881, 2007-8. 120 pages, by Gergő Havadi.

Rónay, Gábor (b. 1926). Journalist, historian. 1956: counsellor of M. A. Rahman, Chargé d’Affaires, Indian Embassy, 1957: settled in the UK.
[Available for research] No. 325, 1991. 40 pages, by András Hegedűs B.

Rózsás, János (b. 1930). typist and bookkeeper. He was arrested by the Soviets after World War II for having belonged to the Levente youth movement and sentenced by a Soviet military court in 1946 to 10 years' forced labour and perpetual exile. He served his sentence in 16 labour camps, in one of which, in Kazakhstan, he was with Solzhenitsyn. He was freed under an amnesty in 1953, after Stalin's death, and returned to Hungary. He described his experiences in an autobiographical novel entitled Bitter Youth, for which he was harassed several times in the 1970s by the Hungarian and Soviet authorities. He lives in Nagykanizsa and has been a disability pensioner since 1983.
[Available for research] No. 753, 1990. 180 pages, by Lugossy István

Rubik, Ernő (b. 1910). Mechanical engineer. 1936: founder of an airplane factory, father of Erno Rubik jr., inventor of the Rubik cube.
[Available for research] No. 234, 1990. 140 pages, by Zsuzsa Vajda.

Rumi, András Endre (b. 1931). Agricultural labourer. 1951: sentenced to death then to life imprisonment because of illegal conspiracy and unauthorized crossing of the frontier as a Yugoslav citizen. 1956: released, took part in the Hungarian Revolution, settled in the UK.
[Closed] No. 258, 1990. 80 pages and attachment, by Ágnes Czakó.

Ruszkiczay, Rüdiger Imre (b. 1921). Geometrician. He remembers his father who was Deputy Minister of Defence between 1 November 1942 and 16 October 1944, 1949: sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 92, 1987. 160 pages and attachment, by Ferenc Kubinyi.

Rusznák, István (b. 1920). Chemist. 1951-: University Professor and Deputy Dean, Technical University of Budapest.
[Public] No. 411, 1992. 160 pages and attachment, by Gábor Garai.

Sabján, Mrs Ferenc (b. 1927). Cleaner, warehouse supervisor. She was arrested in September 1945 and sentenced to serve ten years in labour camp. She was freed from Norilsk in December 1953.
[Closed] No. 757, 2002. 40 pages, by István Lugossy.

Salamon, László (b. 1930). Transylvanian, building technician. 1956: stayed in Hungary during the Revolution, 1957: sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution.
[Public] No. 628, 1995. 40 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Salamon, Zoltán (b. 1921). Transylvanian, farmer, clerk, worker. 1956: took part in an anti-state conspiracy in connection with the Hungarian Revolution, sentenced to 18 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 600, 1994. 40 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Sándor, András (1923–1997). Journalist, translator. 1956: took part in the revolutionary movement in Stalin Town, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 237, 1990. 160 pages, by Mária Dancs.

Sándor, Balázs (b. 1936). Transylvanian, unitarian pastor. 1956: took part in the work of the Hungarian Youth Society of Transylvania, 1959: sentenced to 25 years’ imprisonment in a show trial.
[Public] No. 532, 1993. 60 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Sándor, László (1909–1993). Journalist, translator, editor. 1946–1952: Director, Art Gallery of Ungvár, 1956–1962: worked for the local radio, 1966–1978: Director, Gorkij Library, Budapest.
[Available for research] No. 69, 1987. 80 pages, by Mrs. Beke, née Orsolya Nádor.

Sándory, Mihály (b. 1930). Electric engineer. 1955–1982: researcher then Deputy General Director, Central Research Institute for Physics, 1984-: Director, Microelectronics Works.
[Available for research] No. V.26, 1984. 60 pages, by András Fazekas.

Sánta, Lajos (b. 1942). Architect. 1966-: Deputy Director then Director, Construction Co-operative of Fertod.
[Available for research] No. V.22, 1982. 160 pages, by István Hegedűs.

Sára, Sándor (b. 1933), cameraman and film director. He graduated from the Budapest College of Theatre and Cinema in 1957 as a cinematographer. He played an important part in the 1960s and 1970s in advancing Hungarian cinema, as a prominent film maker of his generation with a special eye. He made several historical documentaries in the 1980s. In 1993, he began a seven-year term as president of Duna Television.
[Public] No. 780, 2003–4. 300 pages, by Ferenc Markovits.

Sárkány, András (b. 1920). Journalist, police officer. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee, Ministry of the Interior, dismissed.
[Public] No. 339, 1991, 1992. 140 pages, by Éva Standeisky and János Eörsi.

Sárközi, Mátyás (b. 1937). Journalist, writer, translator. 1956: settled in the UK, worked for the Hungarian Section of BBC and for Radio Free Europe.
[Public] No. 482, 1993. 200 pages, by András Hegedűs B.

Saszet, Géza (b. 1929). Transylvanian, philosopher. 1955–1957: University Professor at Bolyai University in Cluj 1957: dismissed. *
[Available for research] No. 444, 1990. 40 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Sátori, Ferenc (b. 1931). Architect. 1950-: held several posts at National Branch-Industries, 1981-: Plant Manager.
[Available for research] No. V.55, 1983. 100 pages, by Gábor Csizmadia.

Schmidt, László (b. 1930). Skilled Worker. 1956: head of a freedom fighter group, 1957: sentenced to death then to life imprisonment. Released in 1968.
[Available for research] No. 591, 1994. 100 pages and attachment, by László Eörsi.

Schön, Gábor (b. 1936). Electrical technician. 1956: Witnessed the toppling of the great Stalin statue in Budapest and the firing on Kossuth tér, outside Parliament, on October 25. Emigrated at the end of November to England and then Australia.*
[Available for research] No. 713, 1999. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Schuller, Ervin (b. 1932). He became resident in the Pax Children's Home run by Gábor Sztehlo after World War II. While a university student, he witnessed events in Gödöllő during the 1956 Revolution, after which he defected to Canada. He later settled in Britain, living by casual labour until he obtained a job as a laboratory assistant in a dairy research institute. He bought a house in Karád in 1990 and spends most of the year there.
[Available for research] No. 813, 2005. 100 pages and supplement, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Schulek, Mátyás (b. 1935). Teacher. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee of Debrecen University as a university student, sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 448, 1992. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Sebes, Sándor (1902). Bank clerk, pre-1945 illegal communist. Took part in the Spanish Civil War and in the anti-fascist resistance in France, 1945-: party functionary, civil servant. 1953–1970: Deputy Minister of Internal Trade.
[Closed] No. 218, 1989. 260 pages, by Márton Kozák.

Sebestyén, János (1911–2001). Electrical engineer. 1949–1953: General Director, Duna Iron and Steel Works, 1953–1957: Deputy Minister of Heavy Industry, 1962–1988: Deputy Chairman, National Committee for Technical Development.
[Public] No. 356, 1991–1992. 300 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Selmeczi, Gábor (b. 1944). Trader. 1956: settled in Australia with his parents.*
[Available for research] No. 722, 1999. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Semetkay, Péter (b. 1923). Lawyer. 1947–1961: clerk, 1961-: held several posts at the Department of Development, SZIM Machine Works.
[Available for research] No. V.40, 1982. 240 pages, by Éva Bakonyi and István Hegedűs.

Sibelka, Perleberg Artúr (1901–1991). Economist, writer, publicist. 1926–1948: civil servant, 1948–1953: political prisoner, 1953-: worker, senior civil servant.
[Public] No. 87, 1987. 240 pages and attachment, by Csaba Nagy.

Simka, István (b. 1921). Agricultural engineer. –1945: farmer, 1949–1966: held several posts at the Ministry of Agriculture, 1966-: Secretary, National Council of Agricultural Co-operatives, 1972–1982: General Director, National Dairy Industries.
[Available for research] No. V.66, 1983. 120 pages, by Gyula Nagy.

Simon, Pál (b. 1929). Chemical engineer. 1962–1973: Director, Duna Oil Factory then General Director, National Oil and Gas Trust. 1975–1980: Minister of Heavy Industry, 1981–1985: Ambassador
[Available for research] No. 114, 1987. 280 pages, by Katalin Szigeti..

Simon, Péter (b. 1946). Businessman. He was arrested in 1968 on a charge of conspiracy against the state and sentenced to eight months' imprisonment in the Pór trial, for participating in left-wing organization. He was expelled from the University of Economics, where he was a third-year finance student, but a presidential pardon meant that the legal sanctions associated with his sentence were lifted in 1971. He graduated from the Budapest College of Commerce and Catering in 1973. He then worked in leading commercial posts in state-owned enterprises until 1988, when he set up independently. At present he is proprietor of a watch-trading company.
[Public] No. 884, 2008-9. 540 pages + supplement, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Simon, Zoltán (1923–1992). Composer. Musical director of the National Theatre. Researcher of the history of orthodox Jewry.
[Available for research] No. 291, 1990–1991. 160 pages, by Ilona Dobos.

Simon, Zoltán (b. 1935). Teacher, editor, librarian. 1956: member of the Socialist Revolutionary Committee of the Town of Debrecen.
[Public] No. 524, 1994. 140 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Simonfay, Pál (1924–2005). Trader. Graduated from Ludovika Military Academy. Left country in 1948 with emigrant’s passport. Initially lived by casual work in Paris, later working as a trader. Studied at the Sorbonne and joined Martinovits Freemasons’ Lodge in Paris. Moved to Munich in 1968, dealing in fashion goods and used cars. Received West German citizenship in 1974 and then began visiting Hungary regularly. Moved to Milan in 1979 and worked as estate agent. Resettled in Budapest in 1994.
[Public] No. 745, 2001. 200 pages and attachment, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Simonyi, Károly (b. 1916). Engineer, university professor. 1956: Chairman, Revolutionary Committee of the Central Research Institute for Physics.
[Available for research] No. 249, 1990. 120 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Soltész, István (b. 1926). Journalist. Worked for several newspapers, 1957: dismissed from the Hungarian Journalists’ Association, 1982–1989: Editor of the newspaper Magyar Nemzet.
[Available for research] No. 363, 1991, 420 pages and attachment, by Gábor Murányi.

Soltész, István (b. 1927). Engineer. 1964-: Director then General Director, Csepel Iron and Steel Works, 1978–1985: Minister of Metallurgy, Deputy Minister of the Industry.
[Closed] No. 74, 1987. 560 pages, by György Petőcz.

Solymossi, Mihály (b. 1910). Bricklayer. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council, sentenced to 6 months’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 368, 1991. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Sólyom, Ildikó (b. 1940). Actress. Daughter of László Sólyom. She talks about her father who was sentenced to death in a show trial and was executed in 1950.
[Closed] No. 78, 1987. 280 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B.

Somlai, Ágnes (b. 1949), retoucher. She married Gábor Somlai (qv.) in 1981 and emigrated to Australia along with her child. She lives in Sydney, working as a leatherwork trader.
[Public] No. 781, 2004. 80 pages, by Ágnes Kőműves

Somlai, Gábor (b. 1947), waiter. He defected to Italy via Bulgaria in 1970, and emigrated from there to Australia in 1971. He lives in Sydney as a leatherwork trader.
[Public] No. 784, 2004. 80 pages, by Ágnes Kőműves

Somodi, István (b. 1925). Politician, agronomist. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of the Ministry of Agriculture. 1957: dismissed.
[Public] No. 230, 1989–1990. 740 pages and attachment, by Ágnes Czakó.

Somodi, László (b. 1921). Farmer. 27 October 1956: eye-witness of the massacre at Tiszakécske Village. *
[Public] No. 404, 1992. 20 pages, by István Lugossy.

Somogyi, János (b. 1929). medical doctor. He graduated from the Semmelweis University of Medicine in Budapest in 1954 and joined the staff of its Institute of Physiology in 1959. He received research grants to attend Western universities several times in the 1960s and 1970s. In 1974, he was appointed a full professor. He became secretary of the League of Working Youth (DISZ) at the university in 1955 and a member of the communist party in 1956. He is organizer of several social foundations and prizes.
[Available for research] No. 770, 2003. 130 pages, by Márkus Keller.

Soós, Gábor (1922–1993). Agricultural engineer. 1946-: held several leading posts, 1956–1983: Deputy Minister at the Ministry of Agriculture.
[Available for research] No. V. 4, 1983. 140 pages, by Gyula Nagy.

Spitzer, Imre (b. 1929). Textile engineer. World War II partisan, arrested and sent to Dachau. Left Hungary in October 1945 and settled in Australia.*
[Available for research] No. 726, 1999. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

S. Szabó, Ferenc (b. 1912). Agricultural engineer, peasant party politician. 1944–1948: MP, 1956: Deputy General Secretary, Petofi (Peasant), Party, 1957–1962: worked in the National Agricultural Library.
[Available for research] No. 110, 1987–1988, 1989. 400 pages, by Endre Babus and Mária Csicskó.

Stanca, Teodor (b. 1933). Transylvanian, teacher. 1956: one of the leaders of the students’ movement in Temesvár, sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 657, 1995. 100 pages, by Paul Marginean.

Stanka, Sándor (b. 1927). Forester. As a member of the Levente youth movement, he was in the Bakony Brigade in 1945. He was arrested by the Soviet authorities and sentenced to serve ten years in a labour camp. He returned home in 1953.
[Open] No. 756, 2002. 40 pages, by István Lugossy.

Stéhli, Ferenc (b. 1923). Secondary-school teacher. Taught at Veszprém Piarist Grammar School from 1949 and from summer 1956 to 1983 at Monor Grammar School. Piarist novice 1960–62. As a pensioner, taught Latin at Budapest Piarist Grammar School, before joining library staff of order.
[Available for research] No. 746, 2001. 100 pages, by Márkus Keller.

Starewicz, Artur (b. 1917). Polish chemical engineer, politician. 1954–1971: member of the Central Committee of the Polish Communist Party, 28-30 October 1956: mediator in negotiations between Hungarian and Soviet politicians. *
[Public] No. 474, 1991. 40 pages, by János Tischler.

Stolte, István (1912–1990). Teacher. One of the leaders of the illegal communist youth movement in the 1930s, 1945–1949: double agent, 1949–1956: imprisoned, 1956: settled in West Germany.
[Public] No. 131, 1988–1990. 200 pages, by Csaba Nagy.

Straub F., Brunó (1914–1996). Biochemist, university professor, Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
[Available for research] No. 71, 1987. 180 pages and attachment, by Katalin Balázs.

Strycharczyk, Tadeusz (b. 1936). Polish engineer. In 1956 was student of the Technical University of Cracow, participated in the organization of aids to Hungary. *
[Public] No. 623, 1993. 20 pages, by János Tischler.

Suba, Bálint (b. 1918). Peasant. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee of Vámospércs Village, 1957: sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 490, 1993. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Sugár, Dezso (b. 1944). Economist. Held several posts at the Ministry of Finance.
[Available for research] No. V.35, 1982. 60 pages, by Katalin Koncz E. and Katalin Máté.

Sujánszky, Jenő (b. 1929). Chemist. Spring of 1956: sentenced to 13 years’ imprisonment as alleged anti-state conspirator, 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, settled in France.
[Available for research] No. 147, 1988. 480 pages and attachment, by Gábor Murányi.

Sulyok, Miklós (b. 1948), mathematician. On the staff of the SZTAKI Computer and Automation Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, he was dismissed in 1980. He was an activist in the unofficial organization SZETA and a member of the democratic opposition, helping to print and distribute samizdat material. In 1991–9, he worked for publishers Aura and then became manager and co-owner of the Pont bookshop. In 1995–2000 he managed the Mérleg Restaurant. He now manages the “M” Café.
[Public] No. 807, 2005. 100, by Ferenc Markovits [MM].

Surányi, Ferenc (b. 1916). Turner. 1956: member of a factory workers’ council. 1957: interned in Kistarcsa and in Tököl.
[Public] No. 466, 1992. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Svéd, Ferenc (b. 1923), technical draughtsman, translator and writer. He was in Paris in 1945–8 and has lived in Stockholm since 1956. He graduated as an engineer in Sweden and is a member of the Swedish Writers’ Association.
[Public] No. 794, 2005. 60 pages, by Ágnes Kőműves.

Szabados, Mihály (1905–1993). Lawyer, publicist. 1930s and 1940s: senior civil servant, 1947: sentenced to 31 years’ imprisonment, 1951-: unskilled worker.
[Available for research] No. 107, 1987. 280 pages, by Mrs. Beke, née Orsolya Nádor.

Szabó, András Pál (b. 1929). After studying at the Budapest University of Economics in 1947-9, he went to work in the press department of the Hungarian State Forestry Directorate. He was drafted into the river guard in 1950. In 1951, he was sentenced to six months' imprisonment by the military courts, but he was demobilized in the summer of 1954 and took a job as a dispatcher at the Red Spark Factory, moving to the Beloiannisz Factory after the two were merged. He fled abroad after the defeat of the revolution and settled in Switzerland, where he worked in marketing and advertising. He began to visit Hungary again regularly in the 1970s and spent several months there after the change of system.
[Available for research] No. 832, 2005–6. 100 pages, by Kőrösi Zsuzsanna.

Szabó, Dénes (b. 1929). Lawyer, sociologist, criminologist. 1958-: Professor, University of Montreal.
[Public] No. 65, 1985. 340 pages, by Péter Pál Tóth.

Szabó, Ferdinánd (b. 1914). Clerk. 1956: one of the leaders of the Socialist Revolutionary Committee, Town of Debrecen, 1957: dismissed.
[Public] No. 637, 1995. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Szabó, Ferenc (1934–2002). Agricultural engineer. 1958–1967: worked in the Central Statistics Office and in the National Planning Bureau, 1968-: Head of Department, Ministry of Agriculture.
[Available for research] No. V.81, 1983. 160 pages, by Gyöngyvér Baross.

Szabó, Gergely (1921–2000). Engineer. General Secretary, National Association of People’s Colleges. Head of Department, CP. 1952–1953 and 1956 (2nd Imre Nagy Government): Minister of Chemical Industry, 1953–1955: Deputy Minister of Heavy Industry.
[Available for research] No. 113, 1988. 300 pages and attachment, by Katalin Szigeti.

Szabó, Imre (1912–1991). Lawyer, university professor. 1955–1982: Director, Institute of Jurisprudence.
[Public] No. 137, 1988–1989. 340 pages, by Éva Bakonyi.

Szabó, István (b. 1921). Turner, pre-1945 illegal communist, party worker.
[Available for research] No. 204, 1988. 200 pages, by Márton Kozák.

Szabó, Iván (1934–2005). Engineer, economist and politician. During the '56 Revolution, he was on the Revolutionary Students Committee of Budapest Technical University and on the board of MEFESZ (the Union of Hungarian University and College Students. Arrested in January 1957, he was released again after two months on remand. He worked in various state-owned enterprises in 1957–85 and then chaired the Engineers and Construction Mechanics Small Cooperative until 1990. Meanwhile he joined the Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF) in 1988, in which he was a leading figure, serving as a member of Parliament from 1990 to 1998. From December 1991 to February 1993 he was minister of industry, trade and tourism and then finance minister until 1994. He resigned from the MDF in 1996 to become a founder member and first president of the Hungarian Democratic People's Party (MDNP), of which he became permanent honorary president in 1998.
[Public] No. 829, 2003–4. 440 pages, by Kinga Szuly.

Szabó, Irén (b. 1930). Teacher. 1957: settled in Australia.*
[Available for research] No. 720, 1999. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Szabó, János (b. 1920). Civil engineer, university professor. Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1961–1965 and 1968–1984: Deputy Minister, Ministry of Housing and Public Development.
[Available for research] No. V.93, 1983. 300 pages, by Gyöngyvér Baross.

Szabó, János (b. 1921). Smith. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, active in the post-revolutionary resistance, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 394, 1992. 40 pages, by László Eörsi.

Szabó, József (b. 1913). Architect. 1953–1956: one of the planners of Stalin Town, 1956-: worked for the National Planning Bureau and the Office of Standards.
[Public] No. 410, 1992. 80 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Szabó, Mrs. József, née Klára Hajnal (b. 1937). Clerk. She talks about János Bárány who was executed for being the leader of one of the fighter groups during the Revolution.
[Public] No. 488, 1993. 60 pages, by László Eörsi.

Szabó, Kálmán (b. 1921). Economist. 1954–1956: Head of Department, National Planning Bureau, 1956: active in the Petofi Circle, 1959-: Professor and Rector, Budapest University of Economic Sciences. 1970–1990: MP.
[Available for research] No. 351, 1991. 480 pages, by Tibor Gáti.

Szabó, Mrs. Kálmán, née Etelka Vojchehovszki (b. 1921). Worker. 1924–1941: lived in the Soviet Union, 1943: returned to Hungary, 1945–1955: political prisoner in the Soviet Union, Kolima.
[Available for research] No. 191, 1990. 100 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Szabó, Károly (b. 1913). Party worker, army colonel, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1951–1966: worked at the National Administration of Correctional Institutions.
[Available for research] No. 222, 1990. 160 pages, by László Tóth.

Szabó, Károly (b. 1917). Lawyer, university professor, engineer. 1946–1949: leading civil servant in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. 1949: settled in Hungary.
[Available for research] No. 62, 1987. 200 pages and attachment, by Mrs. Beke, née Orsolya Nádor.

Szabó, Károly (b. 1946). Plumber. Son of Károly D. Szabó, farmer, deputy chairman of the National Committee and the commander of the National Guard in his village, executed in 1959. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 611, 1995. 80 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Szabó, Lajos (b. 1955). Son (chauffeur), and Szabó, Magda (b. 1956). daughter (tailor), of Lajos Szabó, a freedom fighter in the Hungarian Revolution who was executed in 1959. [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 648, 1995. 100 pages, by Gertrud Hoffmann.

Szabó, Zakariás (b. 1919). Transylvanian, worker. 1956: took part in an anti-state conspiracy in connection with the Hungarian Revolution, sentenced to 7 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 586, 1994. 80 pages and attachment, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Szakács, Sándor (b. 1936). Historian of economics, university professor. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Student Committee of Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest and worked for the student paper
Tiszta Szívvel.
[
Available for research] No. 582, 1993–94. 260 pages, by Tibor Beck.

Szakács, Albert (1925–2004). Translator. 1956: member of the Workers’ Council of Ózd, editor of the newspaper Szabad Ózd, 1957: sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment. Freed in 1970.
[Public] No. 340, 1991. 220 pages, by István Páczelt.

Szalatnyay, József (1915–1995). Painter. 1940–1948: worked in the Ministry of Culture, 1948: dismissed then librarian at the Academy of Arts. [Fragment.]
[Available for research] No. 504, 1992–1993. 260 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Száll, József (1921–2004). Diplomat. A member of the illegal Hungarian Communist Party from 1941 onwards, he was vice-president of the Hungarian Democratic Youth Organization (MADISZ) and a staff member of the central communist daily Szabad Nép after 1945. He was then first secretary at the Hungarian Embassy in Berne until 1949, then on the staff of the Foreign Ministry. In 1956, he was appointed Hungarian ambassador in Beijing. After being counsellor at the Hungarian mission to UNESCO in Paris in 1959-60, he was head of mission in Jakarta in 1960-62 and then ambassador in Rome, but he was accused of spying at home and defected to Italy in 1970.
[Public] No. 778, 2003. 100 pages, by Krisztián Ungváry.

Szamuely, László (b. 1936). Economist. Historian of theories in economy.
[Available for research] No. 33, 1986. 520 pages, by Mihály Laki and Katalin Farkas.

Szántó, István (1927–1986). Chemist. 1952–1956: postgraduate student in the Soviet Union, 1957–1959: party functionary, CC of CP, 1959–1975: Director, BVK Chemical Works of Borsod, 1975-: Chairman, Hungarian Chemical Society.
[Available for research] No. V.33, 1982. 120 pages, by András Hegedűs B. and Mrs. Farkas, née Zsuzsanna Kurucz.

Szappanos, Gyula (b. 1926). Estate agent. 1956: Took part in the Radio siege. Settled in Australia.*
[Available for research] No. 714, 1999. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Szász, Béla (1910–1999). Journalist, writer, translator, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1949–1954: political prisoner, 1957: settled in the UK, 1957–1961: one of the editors, Irodalmi Újság, 1965-: worked for BBC.
[Public] No. 227, 1988. 100 pages and attachment, by István Orosz and András Hegedűs B.

Szász, Mrs. István (1900–1994). Transylvanian, actress. Eye-witness of Transylvanian events between 1920 and 1970. 1977: settled in Hungary.
[Public] No. 416, 1992. 200 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Szathmári, Veronika (b. 1940). Bus conductor, nurse, anaesthetist and archivist. She volunteered as a nurse on the first day of the 1956 Revolution and went round the city in an ambulance belonging to the military hospital. She then helped to organize the Bástya utca group. In 1958, she was sentenced in the first instance to 15 years’ imprisonment, reduced to one year in the second instance.
[Available for research] No. 786, 2004. 60 pages, by László Eörsi.

Szatmáry, Ferenc (b. 1910). Transylvanian, lawyer. 1945–1947: POW in the Soviet Union, then civil servant, judge and solicitor.
[Available for research] No. 156, 1988. 140 pages and attachment, by Gábor Murányi.

Szécsi, István (b. 1937). Worker. 1956: member of a factory armed guard, sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 308, 1991. 340 pages and attachment, by Kálmán Kőhegyi.

Szegő, Katalin (b. 1933). Transylvanian, philosopher, university professor. She talks about on-campus life and atmosphere at Bolyai University, Cluj in 1956. *
[Closed] No. 433, 1991. 40 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Szeibert, Imre (b. 1930). Economist. 1952–1976-: Clerk. 1976-: Director of Közért Grocery Chain.
[Available for research] No. V.104, 180 pages, by László Ábrány.

Székács, István (1907–1999). Biochemist, psychoanalyst. Disciple of Géza Róheim. 1953: imprisoned as alleged anti-state spy for 9 months’.
[Available for research] No. 225, 1990. 180 pages, by István Javorniczky.

Székely, Dénes (b. 1927). Chemical engineer. 1950-: held several posts at various firms, 1979-: Director, Reanal Fine Chemicals.
[Available for research] No. V.61, 1983. 120 pages, by Dénes Horváth.

Székely, Mrs. Dezső, née Mária Sebestyén (b. 1935). Nurse. 1956: looked after the wounded, one of the organizers of the woman’s peaceful demonstration, 1957: sentenced to 1 year’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 257, 1991, 1993. 160 pages, by István Lugossy and László Eörsi.

Székely, Elek (1925–1999). Engineer. 56: took over the leadership of Dimávag Wagon and Machine Factory during the Revolution, 1958: sentenced to 2 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 467, 1992. 120 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Székelyhidi, Ágoston (b. 1933). Teacher, journalist. 1956: one of the organizers of the university students’ demonstration in the Town of Debrecen, member of the Socialist Revolutionary Committee of Debrecen. 1957: spent some months in prison.
[Available for research] No. 486, 1992. 200 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Szekér, Gyula (b. 1925). Chemical engineer. 1956–1975: Deputy Minister, then Minister of Heavy Industry, 1975–1980: Deputy Prime Minister.
[Available for research] No. 66, 1987. 340 pages, by Mihály Laki and Katalin Farkas.

Szekeres, Péter (b. 1942). He started working as an editor for Hungarian Television in 1966 and also made some documentary films of his own. He left the country in 1970, moving first to Italy and then to Sweden, before eventually receiving political asylum in the United States. There he failed to make contact with the film industry, but found work in the offices of the Hungarian-language American paper Népszava. On his return to Hungary in 1977, he was initially a building labourer, but later found work in the Társulás Film Studios and the Institute of Cinema.
[Public] No. 878, 2008. 260 pages, by István Lugossy.

Szelényi, Mrs. Tibor, née Edit Elischer (1906). Secretary, language teacher. 1945–1950: worked in the US Mission, and at the French Legation of Budapest, 1950–1956: political prisoner.
[Available for research] No. 166, 1988. 120 pages and attachment, by Éva Bakonyi.

Szelepcsényi, Márta (b. 1956). Unskilled worker. Daughter of István Szelepcsényi, electrician, who was a member of the National Guard in 1956, took part in an anti-state conspiracy in 1957 and was executed in 1959. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 643, 1995. 80 pages, by Zsuzsanna Korösi.

Széll, Jenő (1912–1994). Politician, publicist, translator, pre-1945 illegal communist. Member of inner-party opposition around Imre Nagy, 1956: Government Commissioner of the Hungarian Radio, 1959: sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 4, 1981–1982. 800 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B. and Gyula Kozák and Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Szendrői, Péter (b. 1935). Building technician. 1967-: Factory Manager, Alba Regia Construction Works of Fejér County.
[Available for research] No. V.37, 1982. 100 pages, by Gábor Csizmadia.

Szentágothai, János (1912–1994). Medical doctor, anatomist, university professor. 1956: Chairman, Revolutionary Committe of Intellectuels, Town of Pécs. 1976–1985: President, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1985-: MP.
[Public] No. 10, 1986. 440 pages, by Katalin Balázs.

Szentes, Tamás (b. 1933). Economist, university professor, 1956: met the Commander of the Corvin Passage Fighter Group as the representative of Budapest University.
[Public] No. 508, 1993. 40 pages, by László Eörsi.

Szentirmay, Sándor (1925–2006). Technician, teacher. 1945-: political prisoner, 1956: organized a revolutionary group in a secondary school, 1959: sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 229, 1990. 420 pages and attachment, by Erika Ferenczy.

Szentkereszty, Mrs. Pál, née Erzsébet Rakovszky (1905–1996). Aristocrat. 1944: helped Jews to escape, 1945-: translator at the UK Legation in Budapest, 1954–1956: political prisoner, 1956: settled in France.
[Available for research] No. 279, 1989. 140 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Szepesi, Zoltán (b. 1912). Physicist. 1934–1947:worked for Tungsram Electrical Works, 1947–1951: worked in France, 1951-: worked in Canada.
[Public] No. 173, 1988. 80 pages and attachment, by Annamária Inzelt.

Szerb, Ferenc (b. 1924). Economist. 1944–1948: active in the communist youth movement, 1948-: civil servant, 1972-: General Director, Vegyépszer Construction Company for Chemical Facilities.
[Available for research] No. V.34, 1982. 120 pages, by András Hegedűs B. and Mrs. Farkas, née Zsuzsanna Kurucz.

Szervánszky, Attila (b. 1945). After failing several times to get into university, Szervánszky became a labourer and later a freelance journalist, TV editor and disc jockey. He left Hungary in 1979 and took casual work in Paris before receiving political asylum in Sweden. There he was a labourer again, an oil-rig worker in Norway, and then a student of philosophy and sociology at the University of Stockholm. He later settled in Switzerland, working as a hotel porter in Lugano. He repatriated in 1991. He has done a series of travel films on contract for Hungarian Television.
[Public] No. 868, 2008. 140 pages, by István Lugossy.

Szigethy, Miklós (b. 1946). Agricultural engineer. 1972-: held several leading posts at the Ministry of Agriculture.
[Available for research] No. V.90, 1983. 180 pages, by József Köbli.

Szigetvári, István (1940–2004). Turner, electrician. 1956: fought in the Revolution as a student, sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment. Freed in 1969.
[Public] No. 371, 1991. 240 pages, by László Eörsi.

Sziklai, Imre (1925–1998). Worker, psychologist, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1945-: communist youth movement leader, 1956: secretary of a factory workers’ council, sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment, 1972: settled in West Germany.
[Available for research] No. 149, 1988. 520 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B.

Szilágyi, Mrs. József (1913–1996). Dressmaker, wife of József Szilágyi who was executed in 1958. 1956–1958: interned in Romania with the Imre Nagy Group.
[Available for research] No. 34, 1986. 100 pages and attachment, by Gyula Kozák.

Szilágyi, Júlia (b. 1936). Transylvanian, editor. She talks about on-campus life and atmosphere at Bolyai University, Cluj in 1956. *
[Available for research] No. 480, 1992. 40 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Szín, Béla (b. 1934). Agricultural technician, journalist. 1964-: Deputy Director then Director of the Agricultural Co-operative of Zsámbék Village.
[Available for research] No. V.111, 1983. 100 pages, by Gábor Csizmadia.

Szirmai, Péter (b. 1952). Teacher. Son of Ottó Szirmai, one of the leaders of a freedom fighters’ group who was executed in 1959 for his activities. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 661, 1995. 80 pages, by Gertrud Hoffmann.

Szlama, Árpád (b. 1934). Turner, army officer. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, left Hungary, 1960: returned, sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment. Freed in 1974.
[Public] No. 419, 1992. 300 pages, by László Eörsi.

Szmolenszki, László (b. 1926). Technician. 1946–1949: police officer, 1961-: Director of the Törekvés Agricultural Co-operative of Kecskemét.
[Available for research] No. V.71, 1983. 120 pages, by Katalin Szigeti.

Szmolnik, Lajos (b. 1928). Carpenter. 1956: Took part in releasing prisoners in Nyíregyháza. 1957: settled in Australia.*
[Available for research] No. 724, 1999. 40 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Sz. Nagy, Sándor (1921–1994). Worker, lawyer, journalist, storeman. 1938–1945: civil servant, 1945–1948: District Secretary of Social Democratic Party, 1949–1953: attorney, Pécs. After resigning legal adviser then worker. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council, Ganz Electrical Works: 1958: sentenced to life imprisonment. 1989-: Chairman of the Hungarian Liberal Party.
[Available for research] No. 527, 1992–1993. 340 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Szőke, Gyula (b. 1914). Farmer. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee of his village, 1958: sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 638, 1995. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Szövérffy, Dezső (b. 1927). Army officer, unskilled worker. 1951: sentenced to 7 years’, 1956: member of the National Guard. 1957: spent 5 months in prison.
[Public] No. 355, 1991. 200 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Sztevanovity, Miljutyin (b. 1921). Economist, journalist. Active in the anti-fascist movement in Yugoslavia, 1948: settled in Hungary, 1952–1955: political prisoner.
[Available for research] No. 146, 1987–1988. 200 pages, by Ferenc Kubinyi.

Sztrányiczki, Gábor (b. 1930). Transylvanian, philosopher, university professor. He talks about on-campus life and atmosphere at Bolyai University, Cluj during the Hungarian Revolution. *
[Public] No. 454, 1992. 20 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Szűcs, László (b. 1934). Worker. 1956: one of the leaders of a factory workers’ council, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 383, 1992. 100 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Szűrös, Mátyás (b. 1933). Communist politician. 1975–1982: Ambassador, stationed in Berlin and Moscow, 1983–1989: Secretary, CC of CP, 1989–1990: Provisional President of Hungary.
[Public] No. 426, 1991. 480 pages, by Péter Pál Tóth.

Tabódy, István (1921–2000). Catholic priest. 1950–1953: interned in the Recsk Labour Camp, 1960: sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment because of his underground religious activities.
[Public] No. 333, 1991. 380 pages, by András Hegedűs B. and Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Takách-Tolvay, László (b. 1928). Teacher. 1956: Member of the Heves County Revolutionary Committee. Settled in Australia.*
[Available for research] No. 721, 1999. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Takács, Béla (b. 1931). Radio technician, engineer. 1956: operated underground radio transmitters, 1957: settled in France.
[Public] No. 159, 1988. 80 pages, by János Rainer M.

Takács, István (b. 1939). Building worker. After 1956: settled in Australia.*
[Available for research] No. 721, 1999. 20 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Táky, Gyula (b. 1936). Electrician, unskilled worker, postman. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, 1957: sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 630, 1995. 80 pages, by László Eörsi.

Tal, Eli (Harmat, Lajos), (b. 1926). Biologist. Professor at the University of Jerusalem. 1944: left Hungary as a member of a Zionist group.
[Public] No. 315, 1991. 140 pages, by Zsuzsa Hajmási.

Tankó, Tibor (1931–2004). Army officer, worker. 1956: one of the leaders of a freedom fighter group, sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 235, 1990. 320 pages, by Gyula Nagy.

Tantos, Ferenc (1916–1999). Architect. One of the planners of the Budapest subway system.
[Public] No. 35, 1986. 160 pages, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Tarafás, Imre (b. 1947). Economist. 1969–1973-: researcher, 1973-: Head of Department, National Bank of Hungary.
[Available for research] No. V.152, 1984. 120 pages, by István Hegedűs and György Petocz.

Tasnádi, Frigyes (b. 1926). Confectioner. 1944–1951: POW in the Soviet Union, 1951–1953: interned in Tiszalök Labour Camp.
[Public] No. 310, 1991. 120 pages and attachment, by Éva Monspart.

Tatai, Ilona (b. 1935). Chemical engineer. 1965–1968: postgraduate student in the Soviet Union, 1959-: held several posts at Taurus Hungarian Rubber Works, 1975-: General Director.
[Available for research] No. V.72, 1983. 240 pages, by Miklós Polgár.

Tátrai, János (b. 1926). Teacher. 1956: Secretary, Revolutionary Committee of Egyek Village. 1958: sentenced to 5 months’ suspended imprisonment.
[Public] No. 565, 1994. 80 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Téri, Tamás (b. 1932). Worker, translator. Born in Moscow, 1945: settled in Hungary. 25 November 1956: member of the party militia. 1957: sentenced to 1 year’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 82, 1987. 420 pages, by Éva Voszka.

Ternyák, Beno (b. 1925). Chemical engineer. Factory Manager at several firms, 1962-: General Director of ÁFOR, the Hungarian Oil Company.
[Available for research] No. V.91, 1983. 180 pages, by József Köbli.

Tétényi, Pál (b. 1929). Chemist. He studied at Budapest Technical University in 1948–9 and Moscow State University in 1949–53. He became a scientific researcher with the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 1957, serving as a fellow of the Academy’s Isotope Institute in 1959–70 and its director in 1970–75. In 1970–75, he was also deputy general secretary of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. In 1977–82, he was secretary of the government’s Scientific Policy Committee. He was a member of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Socialist Workers’ Party in 1982–9 and a department head at the Central Committee in 1982–5. In 1985–9, he chaired the National Technical Development Committee.
[Available for research] No. 767, 2003. 240 pages, by Ferenc Markovits.

Tevan, Zsófia (b. 1922). Architect. One of the leading builders of Stalin Town 1959-: worked at the Technical University of Budapest.
[Public] No. 57, 1987. 80 pages, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Thury, Zoltán (b. 1921). Writer, journalist. 1948: left Hungary, 1951–1956: worked for Radio Free Europe in Munich , 1957: settled in the USA.
[Public] No. 424, 1992. 120 pages and attachment, by Péter Pál Tóth.

Tibori, János (1919–2008). Teacher, theologian. 1956: active in the revolutionary events in the Town of Békéscsaba.
[Public] No. 589, 1994. 180 pages and attachment, by Tibor Valuch.

Tihanyi, László (b. 1949). Engineer. He talks about his father, Árpád Tihanyi who took part in the Revolution and was executed in 1957.
[Public] No. 406, 1991–1992. 180 pages and attachment, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi. and Adrienne Molnár.

Tímár, Béla (b. 1930). Transylvanian, agricultural engineer, university professor. He talks about on-campus life and atmosphere at Bolyai University, Cluj in 1956. *
[Closed] No. 478, 1992. 60 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Tímár, Mátyás (b. 1923). Worker, economist, party functionary. 1965–1985: member of the CC of the CP, 1960–1967: Deputy Minister, then Minister of Finance, 1967-: Deputy Prime Minister, 1975–1988: President, National Bank of Hungary.
[Available for research] No. 210, 1989. 180 pages, by Katalin Mérő.

Titkos, Pál (b. 1921). Lawyer. 1939-: bank clerk, 1948-: worked at Chemolimpex Foreign Trade Company, 1963–1982: Economic Director.
[Available for research] No. V.83, 1983. 140 pages, by József Köbli.

Tittmann, József (b. 1930). Turner, army officer, translator. 1956: took part in the Revolution, left Hungary, 1958: returned, sentenced to death, then to 8 years’ imprisonment.
[Closed] No. 286, 1991. 500 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Tóbiás, Áron (b. 1927). Journalist, radio editor, writer. 1957: sentenced to 1 year’ imprisonment on account of his revolutionary activities.
[Available for research] No. 79, 1986–1987. 640 pages, by Sándor M. Kiss.

Tóbiás, Áron see Varga, Domokos

Tomán, László (1930–2008). Poet, author and editor. He taught in 1950–51 in Bácspalánka (Bačka Palanka), in 1953-5 in Verbász (Vrbas), and in 1955–61 in Újvidék (Novi Sad), where he then worked as an editor for the publishers Forum from 1961 to 1991, when he retired. His works had been appearing since his student days in Hungarian papers in Vojvodina and abroad, and he also published in Vojvodina in Serbian. Apart from his press publications, he was the author of five books.
[Public] No. 861, 2007. 160 pages, by Csaba Kovács.

Tomasovszky, Mária, Mrs. András Ősze (b. 1945). Bookbinder, clerk. Daughter of András Tomasovszky, farmer and electrician, who was executed in 1958 for having taken part in the Hungarian Revolution. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 664, 1995. 80 pages, by Gertrud Hoffmann.

Tombor, Tibor (1909). Lawyer, writer, journalist, librarian. 1927-: civil servant, 1939–1942: worked for the newspaper Pesti Hírlap, 1946-: librarian.
[Available for research] No. 145, 1987. 200 pages, by Ferenc Kubinyi.

Tóth, Attila (b. 1943). Economist. Civil servant, party worker in the Budapest Committee of the CP.
[Available for research] No. V.101, 1983. 100 pages, by Ilona Nagy and György Petocz.

Tóth, Bálint (b. 1929). Poet. 1951–1955: political prisoner, 1956: member of the National Union of Political Prisoners (POFOSZ), 1957: spent 6 months in prison.
[Public] No. 232, 1990. 680 pages, by Kálmán Kőhegyi.

Tóth, Géza (b. 1929). Chemical engineer. 1951-: technician, manager, 1980-: Director, Chinoin Pharmaceutical Works.
[Available for research] No. V.49, 1983. 100 pages, by Mihály Vajda.

Tóth, Gyula (b. 1932). Technician. 1954-: held several posts at Taurus Hungarian Rubber Works, 1973-: Deputy General Director.
[Available for research] No. V.28, 1982. 120 pages, by Miklós Polgár.

Tóth, Imre (b. 1925). Mathematician, philosopher, university professor. [Fragment.]
[Available for research] No. 60, 1987. 380 pages, by András Kovács.

Tóth, Imre (b. 1934). Journalist. 1956: Head, League of Hungarian University Students in the Town of Szeged, sentenced to 61 years’ imprison-ment.
[Public] No. 77, 1987. 280 pages, by Katalin Ferber.

Tóth, István (1919–1999). Lawyer. Local government officer in Győr. 1956: president of Győr-Sopron County workers’ council. 1957: sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 682, 1997. 180 pages, by Attila Szakolczai.

Tóth, István (b. 1929). Army officer, bricklayer. 1956: joined the voluntary ambulance service, commander in Péterfy Sándor Street Hospital, 1958: sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 455, 1992. 200 pages, by Pál Gyenes.

Tóth, János (b. 1926). Turner. 1956: Commander, National Guard of the Town of Ózd, sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 341, 1991. 60 pages, by Mrs. István Páczelt.

Tóth, Lajos (1929–1993). Solicitor, librarian. 1956: Chairman, National Committee of Tolna County, sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 296, 1991. 160 pages, by István Lugossy.

Tóth, Márta (b. 1949). Chiropodist. Daughter of István Tóth (which see). [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 686, 1997. 60 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Tóth, Nándor (b. 1928). Worker. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 307, 1991. 160 pages, by Kálmán Kőhegyi.

Tóth, Sándor (b. 1919). Transylvanian, philosopher, editor. pre-1945 illegal communist in Romania, 1946-: party functionary, lecturer, Bolyai University in Cluj.
[Available for research] No. 6, 1985–1986. 220 pages, by Péter Pál Tóth.

Tóth, Szilveszter (1908). Veterinarian. 27 October 1956: eye-witness of the massacre at Tiszakécske Village. *
[Public] No. 402, 1992. 20 pages, by István Lugossy.

Török, István (b. 1925). Economist. 1953-: clerk, senior civil servant, 1968–1975: General Director, Chemolimpex Foreign Trade Company, 1975-: Deputy Minister of Foreign Trade.
[Available for research] No. V.84, 1983. 120 pages, by Gábor Csizmadia.

Török, József (b. 1944). Transylvanian, mechanic. 1965–1974: political prisoner on charges of alleged anti-state activity.
[Public] No. 442, 1994. 80 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Török, Mihály (b. 1934). Transylvanian, army officer, semi-skilled worker. 1959: sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution.
[Public] No. 598, 1994. 100 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Tunyogi, Csapó Gyula (b. 1915). Transylvanian, solicitor. 1940–1947: civil servant, in the 1970s and 1980s: General Superintendent of the Transylvanian Calvinist Diocese.
[Public] No. 500, 1993. 120 pages, by Gábor Vincze.

Turbók, Gyula (b. 1930). Engineer. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of Dimávag Wagon and Machine Works, sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 293, 1991. 100 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Udvardy, László (1940). engineer and surveyor. He was arrested in 1960, charged involvement in a conspiracy to overturn the order of state and sentenced in the second instance to five years' imprisonment. He was freed in 1963. Since 1992, he has chaired the committee of the Újlak Caritas Foundation.
[Public] No. 860, 2007. 320 pages, by István Lugossy.

Ujhelyi, Szilárd (1915–1996). Lawyer, politician, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1951–1954: political prisoner, 1954-: member of the inner-party opposition around Imre Nagy, 1956–1958: interned in Romania with the Imre Nagy Group. 1962–1972: Director, National Film Distribution.
[Available for research] No. 40, 1982–1985. 540 pages, by Péter Pál Tóth.

Ujlaki, Dénes (b. 1945). Actor. 1962: sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment as an alleged anti-state conspirator.
[Public] No. 265, 1991. 60 pages, by István Lugossy.

Ungár, György (b. 1935). Musician and technician. After completing industrial school he went to work in the research laboratories of United Incandescent Lamp. He took up music professionally in 1960 and the band also appeared abroad on many occasions. He was called up in 1955 to do his military service in the State Protection Office, and in October 1956, his unit was detailed to defend the Radio building in Budapest, but he was demobilized on medical grounds after the revolution.
[Available for research] No. 879, 2008. 280 pages, by Csaba Kovács.

Ungváry, Rudolf (b. 1936). Engineer, writer. 1956: took part in the Revolution as an university student, Town of Miskolc, 1957: interned.
[Public] No. 120, 1987–1988. 440 pages and attachment, by Judit Vásárhelyi.

Vajda, Németh József (b. 1929). Worker. 1950–1955: political prisoner, 1956: police officer in the Revolution, 1959: sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment. Freed in 1969.
[Available for research] No. 489, 1992. 40 pages, by Sándor Holbok.

Vajda, Tibor (b. 1924). Dentist. 1946–1952: worked for the State Security Office, Deputy Head Department of Political Investigation, 1953: arrested, 1956: settled in Australia.
[Closed] No. 612, 1995. 240 pages, by Gyula Kozák.

Vajdai, Mrs. Lajos, née Margit Csadek (b. 1922). Party worker. 1953–1957-: MP, 1957: excluded from the CP, 1973–1977: Director of Training Institute for Public Servants.
[Available for research] No. V.67, 1983. 500 pages, by Mrs. Szabó, née Dér Ilona and Gyöngyvér Baross.

Vajkó, Pál (b. 1926). chemical technician and supervisor. Interned at Recsk in 1950, he was sentenced in 1953 to four-and-a-half years' imprisonment on a charge of disaffection, but released in 1954. He worked at the United Chemical Works as a labourer, then a skilled worker and supervisor.
[Available for research] No. 751, 2001. 180 pp. and supplement, by Adrienne Molnár.

Vajna, Gáspár László (b. 1923). Transylvanian, lawyer. 1958: sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment on account of alleged anti-state activity.
[Public] No. 514, 1993. 80 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Valkó, Endre (b. 1910). Mechanical engineer. 1950–1976: General Secretary of the Union of Technical and Scientific Associations (METESZ).
[Available for research] No. V.153, 1984. 300 pages, by András Hegedűs B. and Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Válóczi, István (b. 1933). Engineer, military officer. 1956: member of the National Guard, sentenced to life imprisonment.
[Public] No. 248, 1990. 360 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Vámos, Ida (b. 1948). Archivist. Father, József Vámos (1927–1977) was second-in-command of the Szécsény national guard in 1956 and sentenced to two-and-a-half years’ imprisonment in 1957. Her mother was shot dead in the firing at Salgótarján on December 8, 1956. [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 681, 1997. 40 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Vámos, Tibor (b. 1926). Electronic engineer, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. 1952–1954: one of the founders of the Duna Iron and Steel Works. 1958–1964: Head of Department, Research Institute for Electric Power. 1964–1986: worked at the Computing Research Institute, Head of Department, Deputy Director, Director. 1986-: leading researcher
[Available for research] No. V.27, No. 316, 1982, 1991. 300 pages, by András Fazekas and Mária Békés.

Váradi, Gyula (1921–2003). Worker, army officer, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1956: Chairman, Revolutionary Military Committee, 1958: sentenced to 7 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 233, 1990. 300 pages, by Mrs. Miklós Vásárhelyi.

Váradi, Zsuzsa, Mrs. Károly Bana (b. 1945). Mechanical engineer. Daughter of Váradi, Gyula. (which see) [Second generation.]
[Available for research] No. 672, 1996. 40 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Varannai, Aurél (1900–1989). Lawyer, journalist, translator. 1935–1941: correspondent of The Economist, 1945-: correspondent of Reuters, 1952–1956: political prisoner, 1958-: worked for Akadémia Publishing House.
[Available for research] No. 672, 1996. 40 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Varga, Béla (1903–1995). Catholic priest. Leading Smallholder’s Party politician, 1945–1947:MP, 1946–1947: President of the National Assembly, 1947-: lived in the USA, leader of the National Commission in Exile.
[Available for research] No. 164, 1987. 100 pages, by Péter Pál Tóth.

Varga, Domokos, Tóbiás, Áron, Molnár, Zoltán and Fekete, Gyula Joint interview. Those accused in the so-called "small writers´ trial" recall revolutionary events and the juridical process.
[Public] No. 670, 1996. 80 pages, by Éva Standeisky.

Varga, Endre (1909–1993). Economist, civil servant. 1950–1955: political prisoner, 1956: settled in Sweden.
[Public] No. 88, 1987. 540 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B. and Gyula Kozák.

Varga, Henrik (b. 1918). Clerk. Fought in World War II, returning from Western prisoner-of-war camp in 1946. 1956: settled in Australia.*
[Available for research] No. 725, 1999. 40 pages, by Attila Lökkös.

Varga, János (b. 1927). Historian, archivist. 1955–1956: Deputy Dean, Faculty of History of Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, 1956: Chairman of the Revolutionary Student Committee, member of the Revolutionary Council of Hungarian Intellectuals, 1978–1990: General Director, National Archive, 1990–1994: MP.
[Available for research] No. 585, 1994. 200 pages and attachment, by Pál Germuska.

Varga, József (b. 1914). Economist, worker. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, left Hungary.
[Public] No. 529, 1994. 60 pages, by László Eörsi. , by Miklós Horváth.

Varga, László (b. 1928). Transylvanian, calvinist pastor. September-November 1956: stayed in Hungary, 1957: sentenced to life imprisonment on account of alleged anti-state activity in Romania.
[Available for research] No. 476, 1992. 100 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Varga, Mihály (b. 1927). Schoolteacher, set designer. Member successively of Smallholders’, Social Democratic and Communist parties. 1955–6: worked at Budapest Film Studios and Newsreel and Documentary Film Studios. Elected civil commander of Bányász Cinema, Budapest on October 28, 1956. Left country in November, settling in Vienna. In 1957, founded Vienna Puppet Theatre. Later opened an applied-art studio and embroidery workshop in his flat. Took part in founding Organization of Hungarian Freedom Fighters, and in activity of Hungarian Society, St Stephen’s Circle and scout movement. Moved to West Germany in 1972 and became a teacher of art at Duisburg People’s College. Resettled in Hungary in 1992.
[Public] No. 747, 2001. 140 pages, by András Lénárt.

Varga, Sándor (b. 1934), Engineer. 1956: Joined in organizing students at Budapest Technical University. 1957: arrested and sentenced in 1958 to 1 year and 4 months’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 678, 1996. 160 pages and attachment, by Eszter Balázs.

Várkonyi, László (1907). Army officer, worker. 1947: sentenced to 1 year’ imprisonment, 1950: sentenced to 5 years’ forced labour.
[Public] No. 295, 1990. 140 pages, by György Szitányi.

Vas, Mrs. Zoltán, née Edit Pintér (1926–1999). Widow of Zoltán Vas, a leading communist politician. 1956–1958: interned in Romania with the Imre Nagy Group.
[Available for research] No. 154, 1987. 260 pages and attachment, by Gyula Kozák.

Vásárhelyi, Miklós (1917–2001). Journalist, politician, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1945–1956: worked for several newspapers, 1953: member of the inner-party opposition around Imre Nagy, 1956: Press Chief for the Imre Nagy Government, interned in Romania with the Imre Nagy Group, 1958: sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment in the Imre Nagy Trial.
[Closed] No. 3.1, 1985–1987. 900 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B. and Gyula Kozák.
[Available for research] No. 3.2, 1994. 100 pages, by Gábor Murányi.

Vass, Henrik (1915–2004). Shoemaker, historian, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1956-: Director, Kossuth Publishing House, 1962–1980: Director, Institute of Party History, 1975–1980: member of the CC of the CP.
[Available for research] No. 100, 1987–1988. 440 pages, by Márton Kozák.

Vasziliu, Georgiosz (b. 1931). Greek refugee who studied in Hungary. 1956: active in the Petofi Circle, 1957: active in the intellectuals’ underground, arrested, left Hungary. 1988–1993: President of Cyprus.
[Public] No. 425, 1991. 80 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B.

Vázsonyi, Vilmos (1935–2008). Historian. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee of Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, left Hungary.
[Closed] No. 462, 1991. 140 pages, by László Eörsi.

Vedres, Ferenc (b. 1923). Economist. 1943-: held several posts in different firms, 1968-: Deputy Director and Director, Co-operative of Kiskunmajsa.
[Available for research] No. V.122, 1983. 80 pages, by György Petocz.

Vén, István (b. 1933). Inventor. 1956: organizer as a university student of the National Guard, Town of Gödöllo, sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 491, 1993. 260 pages, by László Eörsi.

Vendégh, Ferenc (b. 1927). Economist, agricultural engineer. Senior civil servant, 1980–1982: Deputy Minister of Agriculture, 1982-: General Director, National Dairy Industries.
[Available for research] No. V.100, 1983. 360 pages, by Gyöngyvér Baross.

Veres, Sándor (b. 1947). Psychologist, grandson of Péter Veres the writer and politician. He has been a researcher at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Psychology since 1974. He also teaches at the Baptist Theological Academy and the Gáspár Károli Reformed University. [MM]
[Public] No. 836, 2005–6. 60 pages, by Ágnes Kőműves.

Veress, György (b. 1933). Foreign trader and jazz-record collector, later representative of the Ministry of Trade. He was a regular visitor to the night clubs of the period in 1947-8. He later served as a commercial attaché in Poland in 1972–5 and Oslo in 1983–7. [MM]
[Public] No. 876, 2008. 40 pages, by Gergő Havadi.

Veress, Zoltán (b. 1934). Transylvanian, technician. 1956: active in a conspiracy in Romania in connection with the Hungarian Revolution, 1957: sentenced to 7 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 564, 1993. 80 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Vida, Ferenc (1911–1990). lawyer. He joined the Zionist movement in 1932. In 1934, he became a member in Tel Aviv of the Palestine Communist Party. He returned to Hungary in autumn 1935, but was sentenced in 1942 as a participant in the Independence Movement to life imprisonment for anti-Hungarian activity. He was deported to Germany and freed there on April 24, 1945. In June 1945, he became secretary of the communist party branch in Budapest's Fifth District. He then worked in 1946–53 in the Interior Ministry, the communist party Central Control Commission, the State Control Centre and the Ministry of Justice. He was a Supreme Court judge from November 18, 1953 to October 31, 1971, retiring as deputy head of council. After 1957, he chaired several big trials including that of Imre Nagy.
[Open] No. 318, 1989. 100 pages, by Péter Borenich.

Villányi, Mrs. András (1914–1990). Widow of the executed András Villányi who was sentenced to death in a show trial.
[Closed] No. 94, 1987. 60 pages and attachment, by Ferenc Kubinyi.

Villányi, Miklós (b. 1931). Economist. 1955–1974: worked for the Ministry of Finance, 1974-: Deputy Minister of Finance, 1982-: Deputy Minister of Agriculture.
[Available for research] No. V.64, 1982. 120 pages, by Éva Voszka.

Virágh, Pál (1905–1990). Architect, city planner.
[Public] No. 47, 1986. 180 pages, by Mrs. Szabó, née Ilona Dér.

Vigh, Szabolcs (b. 1934). Catholic priest and archivist. He studied until 1954 in the Central Priestly Seminary. On November 3, 1956, he took part in expropriating the documents of the State Office for Church Affairs. Remanded in custody in June 1957, his case was dismissed on January 10, 1958 as the fourth defendant in the trial of Egon Turchányi and associates. In 1958, he was ordained priest and became a chaplain in successive parishes in the provinces and from 1965 in Budapest.  In 1974 he critised the Church's doctrine on birth control. Afterwards emigrated he in 1976 to the Netherlands, where he get to married and began to work at Tilburg University. Since 2003 he has worked as a volunteer for a Dutch SOS telephone service member of IFOTES.
[Available for research] No. 840, 2006–7. 300 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Vitek, Pál (b. 1921). Agricultural engineer. Held several posts at various agricultural cooperatives, 1981-: Director, Agricultural Co-operative of Mohács.
[Available for research] No. V.144, 1983. 140 pages, by Ágnes Boreczky.

Vizi, Imre (1937–?). Railwayman. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution.
[Public] No. 255, 1991. 100 pages and attachment, by László Eörsi.

Vízváry, László (1919–2003). Piarist teacher. He taught at his order's secondary school in Debrecen from 1945 until its nationalization in 1948, when he became chaplain at Endrőd. He then taught in 1950-80 at the order's Budapest secondary school. In 1954, he and the Kossuth Prize-winning Iván Koós established the Auróra (later Astra) puppet theatre company. After several successes with this at home and abroad, he was awarded a prize by the National Trade Union Council (SZOT) in 1985.
[Researchable] No. 752, 2001. 60 pages, by Márkus Keller.

V. Meller, Ágnes (b. 1921). Dressmaker, translator. Staff member of the György Lukács Archive.
[Public] No. 221, 1990. 240 pages, by László Tóth.

Vorzsák, János Ignác (b. 1941). Transylvanian, engineer. Sympathized with the Hungarian Revolution as a student, 1959: sentenced to 7 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 575, 1993. 60 pages, by István Gagyi-Balla.

Vörös, Jenő (1920–2004). Journalist, poet, clerk. From 1946, worked for Győri Munkás (Győr Worker) and later Győr-Sopron Megyei Hírlap (Győr-Sopron County News). Dismissed after disciplinary proceedings in 1955, then worked in public administration. Restored to newspaper staff in October 1956. On November 2 became editor of Hazánk (Our Native Land), an independent political daily founded in his flat. Left country with his wife in January 1957, receiving asylum in Britain. Resettled in Hungary in 1990.
[Public] No. 749, 2001. 180 pages and attachment, Adrienne Molnár.

Vörös, Vince (1911-2001). Worker, farmer, smallholders’ politician. 1944–1947: MP, 1956: one of the reorganizers of the Smallholders’ Party.
[Available for research] No. 169, 1988. 480 pages, by István Hegedűs.

Wabrosch, Béla (b. 1923). Architect. 1956: gave help to freedom fighters, sentenced to 11 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 380, 1992. 220 pages, by Gábor Garai.

Werblan, Andrzej (b. 1924). Polish politician, historian. 1956–1981: member of the Central Committee of the Polish Communist Party. *
[Public] No. 470, 1991. 20 pages, by János Tischler.

Weszely, Ernő (b. 1953). Pianist and accordion player. He began his musical career in Szombathely, later playing in Eger, Székesfehérvár and Csákvár, by Lake Balaton, and in various bars and restaurants in Budapest and abroad. He was a member of the Budapest Ragtime Band in 1984-6. He worked as a programme editor for Hungarian Radio in the 1980s.
[Public] No. 874, 2007–8. 60 pages, by Gergő Havadi.

Wilcsek, Jeno (1898–1984). Lawyer, university professor. 1921-: Deputy Director, United Machine Works, 1948-: held several leading posts at the National Planning Bureau, 1957–1968: professor, Budapest University of Economic Sciences then adviser in the Ministry of Finance.
[Available for research] No. V.116, 1983. 100 pages, by Katalin Mérő.

Willman, Adam (1908). Polish economist, chemist. 1955–1959: Polish Ambassador stationed in Budapest, sympathized with the Hungarian Revolution, 1959–1975: diplomat in several states. *
[Public] No. 571, 1991. 20 pages, by János Tischler.

Wilt, Pál (b. 1950). Film director and screenplay writer. He taught at the Budapest College of Theatre and Cinema in 1968–72, in the Department of Film Direction. He played an active part in the 1970s and 1980s in the Béla Balázs Studio and the Társulás Studio, making numerous documentary films.
[Public] No. 787, 2005. 180 pages, by István Lugossy.

Wittner, Károly (b. 1955). Joiner. Son of Maria Wittner. (which see) [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 604, 1994. 120 pages, by Gertrud Hoffmann.

Wittner, Mária (b. 1937). Dressmaker. 1956: freedom fighter, sentenced to death then to life imprisonment. Freed in 1970.
[Public] No. 364, 1991–1992. 180 pages, by István Lugossy.

Wolf, Richard (b. 1919). East German journalist. 1957: sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution, 1960: settled in the UK. *
[Public] No. 464, 1991. 20 pages and attachment, by András Hegedűs B.

Wolicki, Krzysztof (b. 1930). Polish journalist. 1956: correspondent in Budapest for the newspaper Trybuna Ludu. *
[Public] No. 469, 1991. 60 pages, by János Tischler.

Wróblewski, Andrzej (b. 1932). Polish journalist. 1956: Editor of the Polish newspaper
Odnowa. *
[
Public] No. 472, 1991. 20 pages, by János Tischler.

Zágon, Sándor (1915–2001). Railway officer. 1956: Chairman, Revolutionary Committee, and the Workers’ Council of Veszprém County, sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 343, 1991. 200 pages and attachment, by Erika Ferenczy.

Zala, Júlia (1919–1994). Economist. 1949–1967: Head of Department, Vice-President, Central Statistical Office.
[Available for research] No. 124, 1987–1988. 360 pages, by Gábor Rejtő.

Zalán, Magda (b. 1936). Journalist and teacher of English and Hungarian. She did casual work for Hungarian Radio in 1956-65, but her British connections prompted the Interior Ministry to question her several times and try to recruit her as an informer. So she defected to Italy in 1965, where she did translations for public television and wrote radio plays. In 1975, she settled in Toronto and worked for Hungarian-language émigré newspapers and Toronto radio. There she made almost 400 interviews, mainly with artists, which can be found in the archives of Hungarian Radio. She broadcast for Voice of America in 1985-90, then returned to Budapest.
[Researchable] No. 758, 2003. 140 pages, by Ferenc Markovits.

Zeke, László (1919–1992). Foreman. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council, Debrecen Tobacco Company, sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 391, 1992. 200 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Zimányi, Tibor (19222007). Economist. Active in the anti-fascist resistance, 1945: active in the communist youth movement, 1946–1947: police officer, 1948–1953: interned in the Recsk Labour Camp, 1956: member of the Revolutionary Council of Hungarian Intellectuals, 1958: sentenced to five years’ imprisonment, 1975-: financial manager of an industrial co-operative. Active politician after 1988. Member of Parliament 1990–1994.
[Available for research] No. V.74, 1983. 260 pages, by Gyula Kozák.
[Closed] No. 696, 1998. 160 pages, by Gábor Murányi.

Z. Molnár, Mihály (b. 1924). Farmer. 1945-: active in the communist youth movement, 1960-: Director, Agricultural Co-operative, Town of Cinkota then Village of Szilas.
[Available for research] No. V.80, 1983. 100 pages, by László Gábor.

Zolcsák, István (b. 1921). Pilot, engineer. After living in Transylvania and Brazil settled in Hungary in 1939. In the Second World War served in the Air Force. 1956: member of the National Committee of Újpest (a district of Budapest), returned to Brazil. One of the leaders of the World Association of Hungarians. [Fragment.]
[Available for research] No. 446, 1992. 60 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Zólomy, László (1916–1990). Army officer, translator. 23 October 1956: commander of the unit defending the Radio, then cooperated with Béla Király in the National Guard, sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 194, 1989. 320 pages and attachment, by Gyula Nagy.

Zombori, Mrs. Sándor (1923–1996). Housewife. She talks about her husband who took part in the Revolution and was sentenced to 2 years’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 348, 1991. 100 pages and attachment, by Adrienne Molnár.

Zsák, Zoltán (b. 1931). Bricklayer. 1956: as an army officer he took part in the Revolution, 1958: sentenced to 1 year’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 652, 1995. 40 pages, by Tibor Valuch.

Zsámbéki, Gábor (b. 1943). Theatre director. He joined the Gergely Csíky Theatre in Kaposvár in 1968, as a director, chief director and manager successively. He then became the leading director at the National Theatre and in 1982 arts chief at the József Katona Theatre, followed by manager and chief director in 1989. Since 1998 he has been president of the European Theatre Union. [MM]
[Available for research] No. 815, 2005. 20 pages, by Virág Udvarnoky.

Zsámboki, Péter (b. 1957). Journalist. Son of Zoltán Zsámboki (which see). [Second generation.]
[Public] No. 676, 1997. 40 pages, by Gertrud Hoffmann.

Zsámboki, Zoltán (1923–1989). Translator, senior civil servant. 1956: took part in political conspiracies during and after the Revolution, 1959: sentenced to 7 years’ imprisonment.
[Available for research] No. 111, 1987. 120 pages and attachment, by András Kovács.

Zsednai, Pál (b. 1929). Economist, party worker. 1956-: Senior Civil Servant, Ministry of Light Industry, 1974-: Head of Department, Ministry of Industry.
[Available for research] No. V.114, 1983. 100 pages, by Ilona Nagy.

Zsindely, László (1936). Engineer and pilot. He took part in the '56 Revolution as a mechanical engineering student at the Budapest Technical University, leaving the country with his family at the end of November. He completed his studies in Zurich and then went to work for Swissair, where he became a pilot in 1966, flying regularly to Budapest in the 1970s and 1980s. He then worked for several air-related organizations and increasingly spent time in Hungary from 1986 onwards. The interview provides several interesting pieces of information about the lives of his uncle, Ferenc Zsindely, and his godmother, Mrs Klára Tüdős Zsindely.
[Available for research] No. 839, 2005–6. 240 pages, by Zsuzsanna Kőrösi.

Zsinka, Mrs. József, née Katalin Gíber (b. 1930). Agricultural engineer. 26 October 1956: seriously wounded in the massacre of the Town of Mosonmagyaróvár. *
[Public] No. 270, 1989. 20 pages, by Adrienne Molnár.

Zsombok, Tímár György (1932). Air force officer, writer. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee of the Town of Kunmadaras, sentenced to 1 year’ imprisonment.
[Public] No. 252, 1990. 120 pages, by György Szitányi.

Zsótér, András (1930). He began to swim competitively in 1947, joining the pool of Hungarian swimmers for the Olympics and the Police Sports Platoon. When the latter was disbanded at the end of 1953, he was not hired by the police or allowed to pursue legal studies. He became a materials buyer and then headed an independent scarf-dying establishment. At the beginning of the 1950s, he had joined the so-called Sujánszky group. He was arrested early in 1956 for participation in armed organization and sentenced to six-and-a-half years' imprisonment, but freed on September 31 that year. He lived in the United States from 1956 to 1996.
[Public] No. 865, 2007. 160 pages, by Ágota Varga.


Collective interview with Donáth, Ferenc, Göncz, Árpád, Halda, Alíz, Hegedűs, B. András, Litván, György, Mécs, Imre, Mérei, Ferenc, Rácz, Sándor and Vásárhelyi, Miklós.
[Available for research] No. 800, 1981–1982, 980 pages, by Zoslt Csalog and Gyula Kozák and Miklós Szabó.

Interviews concerning events in Transylvania in 1956: Antal, László, Evangelical (Lutheran) minister. Bauer, György, clerk. Kelemen, Kálmán, engineer. Nagy, Benedek, teacher. Nyitrai, Mózes, Unitarian minister.*
[Public] No. 732, 1999. 100 pages, by Zoltán Tófalvi.

Sociologist’s interviews with residents of former Soviet military housing accommodated there after the change of system, as a reward for their part in the 1956 revolution: Béres, Sándor, clerk. Csák, Gábor, worker. Cséve, Mrs Tibor, nurse. Ernyey, Miklós, journalist. Kovács, Zoltán, mechanic. Molnár, Mrs Károly, cashier. Palotás, István, watchmaker. Richter, József, unskilled worker. Richter, Mrs, née Hermina Gölöncsér, economist. Réti, Lajos, engineer driver. Seidel, István, agricultural engineer. Solymosi, Mrs János, clerk. Szabó, Irén, clerk. Szarka, Lajos, technician. Terebesi, Sándor, mechanic. Túri, László, janitor. Varsányi, Jeno, surveyor’s assistant. Zlatnyik, Mrs Lajos, clerk.
[Available for research] No. 738, 1996. 480 pages, by György Forintos.

  
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